How to protect themselves from bites of blood-sucking insects
Most people in central Russia suffer from the bites of blood-sucking or biting insects.
Bloodsucking - mosquitoes, horseflies, ticks, midges - bite when hungry. Their saliva contains a substance that provokes inflammation of the bite, accompanied by itching. With the exception of mites in the saliva containing an analgesic substance, so the person does not feel the bite of a tick.
Mosquito bites cause swelling and itching, but they are relatively safe. Although young children often comb the site of the bite, which can lead to getting infections in the body. As for mites, the bite of an infected tick poses a serious threat to health and even life.
Stinging insects - a wasps, bumblebees, hornets, bees, ants and red. Their stings are very painful because of the poison, which at the time of the bite injects into the body of the victim insect, and it can cause severe allergic reactions and, as a consequence, anaphylactic shock.
Stinging insects do not attack first, but can bite if from them too actively dismiss or stir the hive.
How to defend against insect bites
In order to protect against insects indoors on windows installed mosquito nets. If this protection is not enough, you can use devices with a special plate to kill mosquitoes, which are included in the network. Insects will be completely destroyed within two hours after the start of operation of the device. There is a plate that can be used in children. Going to the woods or to the park, you should use repellent. Modern systems have repellent effect and provide protection against mosquitoes, black flies, and mites simultaneously. For children there is a special children's insect repellent, the age at which they can be used is indicated on the packaging. Now you can even buy clothes with a repellent that can withstand quite a lot of washings, without losing its insect repellent properties. If you go into the forest, be sure to wear clothing with long sleeves, a hat and pants that are best to fill in the high shoes.
The consequences of insect bites
After the mosquito bites on the skin there is an itchy inflammation, at least - a small bubble with a clear liquid inside.
Mite for a long time remain on the skin of human body, it sucks the insect is seen in the form of a large black dot. Ticks are dangerous in that they are carriers of a number of serious diseases, and biting, infect humans.
After biting stinging insects a high probability of severe allergic reaction, especially if the bites - multiple. If breathing is difficult, palpitations, nausea, chest pain, and swelling of the mucous suffered a medical emergency!
How to help with insect bites
Places mosquito bites enough to handle special drugs, reduce inflammation and itching, eg, Fenistil gel. If bitten by mosquitoes at the breast, you can use zinc ointment. She quickly relieve inflammation without harming the baby. Help after a sting stinging insects is to remove the sting from the wound with forceps. Then treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide and to make a cold (ice phase-change material or cold wet towel). It should take an antihistamine (Claritin, tavigil, suprastin), especially in the case of multiple stings. With the deterioration in the condition of the victim - always call "ambulance."
If the body was discovered glaring tick, then you need as quickly as possible to remove it. It is best to refer to the emergency room, where there are special tools. If the trauma center to quickly reach impossible mite have to remove yourself. This should be done carefully in order to remove the insect completely. To extract the tick is best to use a thread: the thread is tied as closely as possible to the proboscis and quietly, rocking back and forth, stretching upward. Medical care will still need to apply as soon as possible.
Of course, the bites better beware, but just in case, in the medicine cabinet should be: hydrogen peroxide, antihistamines, drugs such as "Fenistil-gel", as well as iodine.