Fifty methods using soda, iodine, peroxide, potassium permanganate, and silver

Fifty methods using soda, iodine, peroxide, potassium permanganate, and silver

POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE

This term refers to a complex chemical substance well known in everyday life as a permanganic acid. Potassium permanganate is in solid form - is very soluble in water crystals black-violet color. Aqueous solutions of the substance - pink, they are unstable, and under the action of sunlight in the presence of reducing agents, which are always in the air (dust, organic matter, etc...), Potassium permanganate is decomposed. In medicine, potassium permanganate, aqueous solutions of various concentrations. For rinses and washes with stomach poisonings - 0, 01-0, 1% CIs pale pink for washing wounds - 0 1 - 0, 5% CIs (pink), and for treatment of ulcers and burns - 2- 5% CIs (purple). Upon contact with the skin surface potassium permanganate is decomposed, separating the brown precipitate of manganese dioxide. Depending on the concentration of the solution, and hence on the amount of precipitate manganese dioxide astringent and cauterizing action. Upon decomposition of potassium permanganate releases active oxygen, which destroys germs. Oxygen is not time to form gas bubbles that allows entry of potassium permanganate solutions into deep wounds by injection at a dangerous anaerobic (occurring without air) infection. Just do not do it yourself, if confused concentration, burns may occur. But the following guidelines can be used at home.

► Rinses pink solution of potassium permanganate recommend with angina and stomatitis - inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and gums. The same solution was washed with eyes with conjunctivitis.

► potassium permanganate helps food poisoning: it pale pink solution (0, 5-1, 0 g per 1 liter of water) must be either stomach wash affected, or simply to give it a glass fasting solution. ► solution of potassium permanganate treated burns. ► Helps potassium permanganate, and if you are bitten by a snake. If no special serum exactly at the place of the bite injected 0, 5 1, 0 ml of 1% strength potassium permanganate solution.

► Bath with pale pink solution of potassium permanganate will dry delicate and prone to chafing the skin of an infant. Attention! Solid potassium permanganate and its strong solutions can be dangerous, so it should be kept out of reach of children, and handled with care. Particularly dangerous undissolved crystals of potassium permanganate. Before using the solution, it must be filtered. If poisoning concentrated solution must immediately stomach wash with warm water and activated charcoal (10-15 g per 1 liter of water).

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE

Just as potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide - a very active substance. Moreover, it becomes explosive in concentrated solution! hydrogen peroxide N., 02 (the old name "hydrogen peroxide") was discovered by Louis Thenard in 1818. Later it was found that the substance is always formed in a humid atmosphere in an electric discharge. Hydrogen peroxide as a drug used most often in the form of a 3% aqueous solution. Upon contact with living tissues it is decomposed with evolution of oxygen, which explains its anti-microbial effect and coloring. Dilute solutions of hydrogen peroxide used as a hemostatic agent and disinfectant.

► When epistaxis must sit on the chair on the nose area to put the ice bag or make cold compress, and then carefully introduce the nostrils cotton swabs moistened with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution.

► For lavage solution is used, containing 2 liters of water 1/2 cup 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide and 1 cup of vinegar. ► Rinse mouth and throat with a solution of hydrogen peroxide helps to cope with the infection and get rid of the odor, ► In the "oral cavity", you can also read about the use of hydrogen peroxide to whiten teeth and fight against periodontal disease. Attention! From the sun in a sealed container, a 10% hydrogen peroxide may explode. Perhydrol (30% peroxide) used for medical purposes in hospitals only. Home, you can use this solution only for spot removal or bleaching of fabrics. Deal with it must be very careful because, once on the skin, it causes severe burns. Especially it is necessary to protect eyes.

IODINE

The opening of another well-known antiseptic - iodine - linked with a curious history. The story goes that one day in the chemical laboratory of the French chemist Bernard Courtois, his favorite cat who sat quietly at his master's shoulder, suddenly jumped straight to the table where the reagents were. Two flasks were broken - with sulfuric acid and with seaweed ashes, dissolved in ethyl alcohol, and from up table clubs blue-violet smoke. They were a pair of iodine. Yodos in Greek means "purple". In humans, only 25 mg of iodine; he plays the role of micronutrient. Half of this amount is in the thyroid, where the iodine is part of a thyroxine hormone whose name comes from the Greek word meaning "excite, actuate". Thyroxine regulates the immune system and metabolism. With a systematic lack of iodine delayed physical and mental development, and there is endemic goitre. This disease is typical for the mountainous and remote areas, where the natural content of iodine in the air, water and food are very low. In the medical practice of iodine introduced Russian military physician Fieldon Township-tors, who used -WIDE 5-10% alcoholic solutions of iodine for the treatment of wounds. Then it appeared Lugol solution containing 17 ml of water 1 g of iodine and 2g of potassium iodide. This solution became lubricate mucous membrane of the throat and oral cavity inflammations (tonsillitis, stomatitis, etc.), These solutions are now successfully replaces iodinol. Modern iodine tincture contains 5 g of iodine, 2 g of potassium iodide and 50 ml of 96% ethanol for every 50 ml of water. We may assume that this is about a 5% hydroalcoholic solution of iodine. ► iodine tincture is also used for the prophylaxis of atherosclerosis: the physician typically assigns 1-10 drops tincture in 1 cup of milk 1- 2 times a day after meals. In severe cases, the dosage is more solid: 10-12 drops 3 times a day. (The authors do not recommend this method, because it is dangerous for the thyroid gland.)

► There is a more secure method of doctor BS Thais. Iodine mesh alternately applied to the inner surface of both forearms and the calf muscles: the first day - on his hands, the second - on their feet, and so within a month.

► Use the tincture of iodine can determine if thyroid function is impaired. To do this evening to put on the front of the neck iodine mesh and watch as it disappears. If this happens in less than 3:00, the body experiences a pronounced need for iodine. This manipulation is performed daily until the time of the disappearance of spider veins will not be equal to 3 hours. If the grid is visible and iodine in 6-7 hours, then iodine, by contrast, it is not digested, indicating that hyperthyroidism.

► Everyone knows about a simple and affordable method of treating angina: gargle warm solution containing 1 teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon baking soda and 5-10 drops of iodine tincture in 1 cup water. Russian military doctors back in 1855, much earlier than the tincture of iodine, was used for the treatment of paradise, ulcers and abscesses blue powder - dry yodokrahmal (1 g iodine per 100 g of starch). The action of this remedy was very effective: the wounds were cleaned pi cicatrized after the third ligation. Iodokrahmalom treated and acute dysentery: this drug is already in such a modest amount as 1 tablespoon per day, resulted in a significant improvement. In severe cases, it allowed to increase the daily intake yodokrahmala. Later this preparation began to be added to common salt for the prophylaxis of endemic goitre. To prepare iodokrahmal, dry starch stirred in water and boiled, with stirring continuously, was added to the slurry little iodine tincture. In this case, the particles of starch should turn blue. The solid precipitate is separated from the solution and gently dried in air. There are / is another way: make starch paste, then add iodine tincture, a little sugar and citric acid. In 1927, a German chemist Hermann Staudinger (1881-1965), one of the founders of polymer chemistry and subsequently Nobel laureate, found that iodine is reacted with polyvinyl alcohol (as starch) to form a compound of blue with antimicrobial properties - iodinol. Iodinol stable only in an acid medium and in alkaline discolors and loses its bactericidal properties. This drug proved to be an indispensable tool for the treatment of chronic tonsillitis, acute angina, periodontitis (inflammation of the tooth root sheath), otitis. For the treatment of stomach disorders and even dysentery is also recommended to take iodinol. The course of treatment usually lasts for 5-10 days. Attention! Open wounds can not be treated with iodine as this could cause a burn tissue. Smeared with tincture of iodine only the cut edge. Some people are allergic to iodine. In order to check this, you need to apply a small amount of iodine to the inner surface of the forearm. If not there will be redness and itching, a normal reaction. Glauber's salt

Today, this substance is used rarely, although it was previously one of the most common laxatives. One day there was such a curiosity. Young German chemist Rudolf Johann Glauber studying a mineral source in Neustadt, allocated unknown salt bitter salty taste. Bottle of salt crystals, he handed his friend the apothecary Eisner. Cook Eisner flask mixed with kitchen Glauber salt shaker and "salted" soup and hot salt crystals unknown. Dishes, of course, began to taste bitter, but the most important thing in the afternoon, and Eisner himself and his guests feel unwell. Checking your guess, Eisner the next day on an empty stomach took a tablespoon of Glauber's salt and was soon convinced of its strong laxative effect. Glauber's salt is recommended for constipation various origin, poisonings, and also as diuretic, choleretic and decongestant. It is indispensable in the treatment of helminthic invasion, when it is necessary to clean the intestines before drug intake. But we should not self-medicate: laxatives should not be taken without a doctor's prescription. In the Caspian Sea has a bay Garabogazköl (Turkmenian "black mouth"), which is also called the sea of ​​white gold, where there are abundant reserves of Glauber's salt. Each year in late November, when the water temperature drops to 5-6 ° C, bay rolls on land thousand tons of salt.

Sodium hypo

Hyposulphite (thiosulphate) sodium displays the body of toxic heavy metals (mercury, lead, copper, cobalt, cadmium) and arsenic compounds, converting them into harmless and sparingly soluble sulfides and sulfates; simultaneously it acts as a laxative. In addition, hypo relieves frequent headaches, irritability, fatigue, sleep disorders, general weakness and eliminates brittle nails. It can be used also to treat septic wounds. It is believed that sodium thiosulfate enhances the activity of the enzymes of the human body. bicarb

In 1845, a German doctor Boulleret discovered that baking soda removes burning sensation in the lower part of the esophagus caused by excessive acidity of gastric juice.

► A solution containing only 1 teaspoon baking soda in a glass of water, relieve heartburn.

► soda baths (1 tablespoon of baking soda to 1 liter of warm water) are good for softening calluses on hands and feet. They can be done 2-3 times a week.

► When applied topically bicarb also neutralizes acids caught on the skin (e.g., mosquito bites or sting). This effect is due to the hydrolysis reaction, creating in the solution weakly alkaline medium.

► Alkaline solutions of baking soda softens the living tissues, so soda rinsing the throat and mouth infections facilitate mechanical removal. Better yet, use for this purpose sodosolevye solutions with the addition of iodine.

PREPARATIONS OF SILVER

Collargol (colloidal silver) - greenish or bluish black flakes with metallic luster; in water, they form a colloid. Collargol contains up to 70% silver. It is used in the form of 0, 1, 2, 0% aqueous (colloidal) solution for washing festering wounds and eyes with conjunctivitis, 1-2% solution treat inflammation of the bladder, and 2-5% ethyl - purulent rhinitis . Protargolum - a silver-protein compound, brownish-yellow or brown, odorless, soluble in water. The silver content therein - 7, 8-8, 3%. Protargolum used for the same purposes as the colloid silver. A liquid mixture consisting of 0, 2 g protargola, 5 ml of glycerol and 15 ml of water was used to irrigate the vocal cords, a 1-3% solution protargola successfully treat rhinitis and conjunctivitis. Lapis - Silver nitrate - first used in Holland, accidentally received a new substance in the course of alchemical experiments. Touching the crystals of silver salt does not go unnoticed: the black spots remain on the skin and prolonged contact - deep burns. Medical lapis - an alloy of silver nitrate with potassium nitrate, made in the form of a pencil. He has a cauterizing effect, and is used to treat corns, warts and acne. Lapis enjoy till now, there is no possibility to resort to cryotherapy (cauterization dry ice or liquid nitrogen).