Distress and evacuation code table

Distress and evacuation code table

Victims deprived emergency signal "toolbox", invented another way to alarm - the international character set.

code table signals are laid out in the open, clearly visible from the air locations - on the slopes of hills, meadows. Different sources recommended dimensions are different signals, depending on the tastes and departmental affiliation of the authors. Therefore it is better to stay on the international standard: 10 m long, 3 meters wide and 3 meters between the marks. But in any case not less than 2, 5 m. Otherwise, the sign would be difficult to make out from a great height. Restrictions in a big way there - the greater the signal, the higher the probability that it will notice.

From what we can make the signal? Virtually everything. From the expansion of sleeping on the ground, cut the tent, extra clothes, life jackets, pieces of fabric, attached with the help of pegs driven into the ground or superimposed on top of the stones. Of vehicle debris, stones, tree branches and lapnika. On the beach - pebble or discarded tide algae.

Can not spread the signal, but, for example, digging, which stay with a spade or blade turf and deepen the resulting trench. Thus he turf must be carefully laid on the grass along the trench inner dark side up, which will double its width.

On snow signal "drawn" using ashes of burnt by fire or stomping during heel shoe. The bottom of the trenches trampled desirable vystelit spruce branches, twigs, etc. N. A dark pictures. Just treading a trench in the snow, do not have to tiptoe around them, instead of the sign clearly readable not get a meaningless pattern of dozens of walking in different directions paths and trails. Approach to the construction site must be on only one side and only one pre-designated path. In all cases, we must strive to ensure maximum contrast of the color signal and the background on which it is expanded. In other words, on the basis of light signs should be possible darker on the dark - light.

In the desert, where a building material can not be choosers, rakes low ramparts of sand. Such a sign "work" twice a day - morning and evening, when the sun is low on the horizon. Thick shadows cast by artificial sand ramparts, well enough to read from the air. But better still hang on stakes driven into the sand, cloth fabric or thick paper. The fabric itself can be any color, even yellow, because the signal will not paint the cloth, and the shadow cast by them. In the absence of tissue signal such shadow can try to build from connected into long strands and stretched between the stakes in meter from land plants.

Each character has one codebook only known aircraft pilot search value (Fig. 64).

!!! Invent their own signals it is not necessary, but if you for some reason have forgotten how to decipher this or that character, you can lay out on the ground proverbial SOS signal.

I've been hesitant to tell the reader about another method of alarm. On the one hand, it is ridiculously simple, and therefore available to every man, does not require any additional technical adaptations, action - nothing significant plus. On the other - the objective causes damage to the natural environment - in these times is a very serious minus. Come on people, fascinated, begin to apply it where necessary and where it is not necessary? But then I thought that it's better than "signal" fire. In addition, this method is rather time-consuming, that man took up his only boredom or mischief's sake. The essence of this method of signaling is that the victims by all sorts of ways to try to alter the natural appearance of the surrounding area. Burn, trample on the ground geometric shapes large, felled in gustolese artificial clearing. Of course, it is more convenient not to fell large trees, such work is too time-consuming, and, for example, trim the low bushes in the woods, or the shores of the reservoir. Character size (.. circle, triangle, etc.) must be 20 m or more, the width of the strip - 3 - 4 m. Near this sign is almost invisible, but with a height of several hundred meters it is immediately evident.

Generally, it should be noted that in an emergency can not be limited to the installation of one or two signals. Alarms should be varied and, if I may say so, a multi-stage, only if it is effective. For example, catching a cab on glass glare on the signal mirror, the pilot more closely examine the area, notice the cut in the bush geometric shape. Down, disassemble the code table and smoke signs signaling the fire and, finally, consider the people themselves. By the way, the latter shall ensure that, to make it clearly visible - wear bright, orange better, and in the steppe white clothes emerge from the shadows of the trees on a sunny, open place, waving over his head bright pieces of cloth, at night - a torch or flashlight.

But even better, if disaster victims will know the international aeronautical emergency gestural signaling, is used to transmit information to pilots of search and rescue aircraft and helicopters (a form of sign is shown in Figure 65): For the same purpose - Posts pilots search planes specific information - use another form of alarm. But no longer international, and our, domestic, adopted by the Air Force. Who would have the victims to communicate in accident conditions - with our or our airmen and one of them a gestural system adheres to, say in advance is impossible, so it is better, in any case, know both (Figure 66.):

"An incident has affected" - the man lying on the ground, or a circle of tissue (straightened parachute), in the middle of which the figure of a man lying. "We need food, warm outfit" - a man sitting on the ground, or a triangle of fabric. "Show me which direction to go" - a man with raised and slightly moved apart hands, or a thin, long-tre ugol- nickname of the fabric in the form of arrows. "You can make landing" - a man in a shallow sit down with outstretched arms, or the square of fabric. "Landing in the direction" - standing man with outstretched arms in the direction of approach or landing "T" from the tissue. "You can not sit down" - a man standing with crossed hands over his head, or a cross made of cloth.

!!! In addition, there are special simplified distress, which in one way or another knowledgeable rescuers almost all departments. For example, universal in all respects the SOS signal, or any other light or a beep, repeated three times at short intervals. No matter what it is - the three fires, the three pillars of smoke, three loud whistle, three shots, three flashing lights, etc. -. If only the signal was triple. Between each feed signal group must withstand momentary pause. Three light or noise signal - minute rest - and again three beeps. The international distress signal received in the mountains, is a bit different: six whistles, flashes of light or hand strokes per minute, then the minute pause and replay signal.