How to build a cheap zemlebitny cellar
One of the most essential buildings in the garden area is a cellar. You can build yourself a cheap and practical cellar when used in the construction of earthbags technology, which bags, filled with earth, stacked like bricks with ligation. The skills acquired in the construction zemlebitnogo cellar can then be useful when building a house on this technology.
Cellar represents zemlebitny dome internal diameter of 2 to 4 m (outer diameter of about 3 m 3) and a height of 2 to 4 m. Cellars diameter may be increased to 4 to 8 m. The top of the dome of the cellar has a cone shape.
OPTIONS CELLAR DEVICE
There are several options cellar device:
on the surface;
on a surface with secondary containment earth;
below ground level;
embedded into the slope, either partially or completely underground with perehvatnym and French drains.
PROCEDURE FOR CONSTRUCTION
The first two rows of bags form a ring. The following rows are placed on either side of the doorway. Entrance to the cellar, it is desirable to carry out on the east side for protection from the prevailing westerly winds.
Visor above the entrance
The plot of the dome above the door must be profiled so that the door to the cellar is not dripping rainwater.
The arc described by the rack length 284 cm, allows to control the shape of the dome during the construction of the cellar.
Filling bags convenient enough buckets capacity of 9 liters. For the convenience of filling the bags, you can use a large funnel made of plastic buckets cut down. beetle
We used two tamping different lengths of the sole which is a square steel 15 x 15 cm 10 mm thick.
Typically, the alignment of each row require additional compaction of only a few bags.
We experimented with the old tires (with props underneath) to create arched forms, so it is faster and cheaper than the production of curved shapes from plywood.
* CONSTRUCTION OF BAGS OF LAND
To illustrate how easy it is to build zemlebitnye design of the bags to the ground (earthbags) This article describes the technology of construction of vertical walls.
Design of the bags to the ground have a huge potential, particularly for the construction of affordable housing, but this technology is not yet well known enough. We hope that this article will help fill the existing gap. Building technology, shown here, has been used in recent projects in Cambodia and was significantly faster than the techniques described in books and on websites.
Some people believe that the construction technology earthbags is too slow and time consuming, but it is not. By following a few steps you with half a dozen friends can build a wall 60 m area of the house in about 5 days.
The following descriptions assume that you have cleared and leveled portion removed topsoil, placing it around a construction site, a trench dug to lay ballast base. Thus, Figure 10:
Tools and materials: woven polypropylene bags (approximately 45 x 90 cm), rammer, a shovel, bucket, slider sheet metal (approximately 35 x 60 cm), a coil of barbed wire, conventional wire, wire cutter, a knife, a hammer, a measuring tape, construction level.
Filling the bags: use small buckets to control the volume of the used material (use gravel in the lower ranks); filling about 80%. This technology provides the required volume of each bag, making it easy to maintain the level of each row.
Stitching bags: fold and bend the edge of the bag neck; sew a piece of wire, one end of which is cut at an acute angle; follow the 5 - 6 stitches. This method allows you to fill the bags completely.
Lower rows: Place the bags filled with gravel (double) of the neck from the construction of angles; align them; ramming should be only after the installation of the complete series, Trumbo of the bag to outside.
Place the bags on one or two rows of barbed wire, pinning her with bricks or stones in order to avoid bias.
Use of sheet metal slider for stacking additional series: after leveling slider is pulled out of the bag.
Repeat the process using bags filled with earth, but with a few changes: filled with earth bags lay along the wall under construction and Trumbo slightly entire series; then lay the bag on the wall with ligation and perform final rammer. Step 8Cdelayte bags required size to fill the voids in the areas of the openings; cut off the excess material, fill and put the bag into the wall.
Note for the "quick builders"
Here is a recap of important points, along with a few other comments for maximum performance:
First of all, use the "clean" (free of rocks, roots, and large pieces of clay) sandy-clay soil;
to minimize transportation, fill the bag directly at the place of its placing in the wall;
Lay the bag in place in one step; gravel can pour into bags directly from the body of the machine;
when working as a team to achieve increased productivity helps the competitive principle;
the size of the bag is important, very big bags may be too heavy;
determine the size of the bag, in which you get the best performance.
Author: Owen Geiger Translation: Oleg Menshenin