7 puzzling facts about the Battle of Stalingrad
"None of us will return to Germany, unless there is a miracle. Time has passed over to the Russian. " (Writing of "Stalingrad" diary of a German officer).
The miracle did not happen. For the side of the Russian not only passed the time.
In Stalingrad, the Red Army and the Wehrmacht for an unknown reason, changed the methods of warfare. Red Army from the beginning of the war used the tactics of flexible defense waste in critical situations. Command of the Wehrmacht, in turn, avoided large, bloody battles, preferring to get large fortified areas. The Battle of Stalingrad both sides forget their principles and go on a bloody tower. The foundation was laid August 23, 1942, when the Luftwaffe made a massive bombardment of the city. Killing 40 000 people. This exceeds official figures Allied air raids on Dresden in February 1945 (25,000 victims).
Get to hell
Under the city itself has the largest system of underground utilities. During the fighting underground galleries are actively used both Soviet troops and the Germans. And there were in the tunnels even local fighting. Interestingly, the German forces from the beginning of their penetration into the city began to build its own system of underground structures. The work continued almost until the end of the Battle of Stalingrad, and only at the end of January 1943, when the German command realized that the battle was lost, the underground galleries were blown up. For us and remains a mystery that was built by the Germans. One of the German soldiers then ironically wrote in his diary that he had the impression that the command would like to get to hell and to call on the help of daemons.
Mars against Uranus
A number of esoteric claims that a number of strategic decisions of the Soviet command in the Battle of Stalingrad affected practicing astrologers. For example, the Soviet counteroffensive, Operation "Uranus", began November 19, 1942 at 7:30 am At this point, the so-called the Ascendant (the ecliptic point, rising above the horizon) was located in the planet Mars (the Roman god of war), setting the ecliptic point was the planet Uranus. According to astrologers, this is the planet ruled by the German army. Interestingly, the Soviet command was developed parallel to another major offensive in the South-Western Front - "Saturn". At the last moment it was abandoned and had surgery "Little Saturn". Interestingly, in ancient mythology, it is Saturn (Cronus in Greek mythology) castrated Uranus.
Alexander Nevsky against Bismarck
Military action was accompanied by a large number of signs and wonders. Thus, in the 51th Army fought submachine detachment under the command of Lieutenant Alexander Nevsky. The then propagandists Stalingrad Front started a rumor that the Soviet officer is a direct descendant of the prince who broke the Germans on Lake Peipsi. Alexander Nevsky was even presented to the Order of the Red Banner. But on the German side in the battle take the great-grandson of Bismarck, who famously warned, will never be at war with Russia. A descendant of the German Chancellor, by the way, was taken prisoner.
and tango Timer
During the battle, the Soviet side has used the revolutionary innovation of psychological pressure on the enemy. So, from the speakers mounted in the front, rushed favorite hits of German music, which is interrupted by reports of the victories of the Red Army in the areas of the Stalingrad Front. But the most effective tool was the monotonous beat of a metronome, which was interrupted after 7 strokes commentary in German: "Every 7 seconds at the front killed one German soldier." Upon completion of the series of 10-20 "timer report" from the speaker swept tango.
Many German soldiers and officers, who had behind him a lot of battles, recalled that in Stalingrad, they sometimes gave the impression that they were in some sort of parallel world, an atmosphere of absurdity, where traditional German pedantry and rationality disappears. Thus, the German command was often given absolutely senseless orders: for example, in street battles for some minor plot, the German generals could put a couple of thousands of their own men.
One of the most absurd moments was the episode when German aviatory- "supply vessels", dropped from the air in a closed "bloody cauldron" fighters instead of food and clothing for women mink coats.
Revival of Stalingrad
In early February, after the end of the battle, the Soviet government raised the issue of inappropriate restoration of the city, which would cost more to build a new city. However, Stalin insisted on the restoration of Stalingrad in the literal sense of the word from the ashes. So, on the Mamayev Hill were dropped so much ammunition that after the liberation of the whole 2 years it did not grow grass.