10 mistakes we often make by providing first aid
1. Burns should not be anointed with oil
Oil creates on the wound plenochku, "greenhouse effect", have no access of oxygen to burn, eventually wound will not heal, and the pain will only intensify.
It is best to cool the burned area. It all depends on the severity and size of the burn. Small can simply substitute a cold water.
There is a good "Grandma" recipe for the treatment of small "kitchen" burns - just smear soap. Soap - a alkali burn - acid reaction. Alkali suppresses acid neutralization reaction occurs, and the pain diminishes, and the bubble may not puff up. Severe burn injury to the skin should be treated with cold water, put on the wound clean sterile dressing (NOT Watu), and go to the emergency room.
Many use of panthenol burns. He is in a cream, ointment, and foam. To burn only suitable foam, because it provides the access of oxygen to the wound.
2. The open wound is not watered iodine and brilliant green
Any alcohol composition, iodine, brilliant green - to create a deep wound, chemical burn, which will be a long time to heal and may leave a scar.
To disinfect the wound, use of hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, and Apply a top - a clean gauze bandage. Iodine and brilliant green are perfect for small scratches.
3. Frostbite not rub
If you long to be in the cold, some body parts may freeze and turn white - ears, cheeks, fingers. The first thing we do, we begin to rub whitened place. It is not right! From hypothermia occurs vasospasm, blood flow in the area is deteriorating, and then completely stopped. Vessels become "brittle" and rubbing the frozen areas of the skin, we put the skin microtrauma, break, hurts. In the worst case, rubbing, we can bring to the necrosis of the frozen areas of the skin. HOW TO:
If frostbitten ears, fingers (hands, feet), you need to get away from the cold, to warm gradually - rather let itself "thaw" in a warm room. Be sure to warm up from the inside, but in any case, not alcohol, and hot tea, preferably sweet.
4. chills and fever? Not Kuta!
When we have a fever, impaired thermoregulation. And hot body gets cold, because the body temperature and the temperature difference in the room increases. There is a feeling of chill, it seems that we merznu. Just want to bundle up under two blankets, dress warmly hug warmer. But if at this point start hard to warm up, have a hot body will not be able to cool down and bring the temperature down. HOW TO:
Contrary feelings, you need to open up, to apply cool wet handkerchief to his forehead, and according to the doctor's advice to drink antipyretic drugs.
5. Feeding - do not slam
Choked? Let's pat! This method of first aid is contrary to logic and can seriously worsen the situation if a person choking. The victim inhales some foreign object, and the best thing at this moment - a cough. But if pat at this time on the back, the subject of which choked the victim, only to slip even deeper into the respiratory tract!
With cough and blow the man pushes the "junk" out, so it's best if we just choked, slightly lean forward and make some strong exhalations (only worsen the situation may be sharp intake of breath) gently and slowly inhaling air.
If a person is not just choked and choking and can not breathe (ie a foreign object corked airways), he needs help. The victim must be strongly tilted forward, can outweigh over the back of the chair, and make a few sharp sliding movements towards the neck, as if beating a foreign object. 6. The nose is incorporated - not warming
If the nose firmly laid, "Grandma's" way - to apply heat to the bridge of the nose - warm hard-boiled egg, a bag of heated buckwheat, etc. Such heating is dangerous..! When a strong head cold, blood vessels dilated. The nose started swelling, and warmth, this will only exacerbate the swelling. Heating may cause a violation of the outflow of mucus in the paranasal sinuses develop inflammation, which can in the worst case, even lead to meningitis.
Vessels need, on the contrary, to narrow - do just that drops from the common cold.
7. No heat injury
Stretching, bruises, dislocations - all of these injuries are accompanied by tissue edema. In any case it is impossible to apply a heating pad to the site of injury. This will only exacerbate the swelling and pain.
Restrict movement, and try to apply ice as soon as possible to get to the trauma center.
8. If there is bleeding from the nose, do not throw back his head
Do not lean back. Thus you do not stop the bleeding, but only change its direction - the blood goes to the nasopharynx, in the stomach, which can cause bloody vomiting. And even if all the blood goes to the stomach, the doctor will not be able to in the event of hospitalization determine how much blood you have lost. HOW TO:
Sit up straight, leaning forward slightly. Put into the nostril (or a nostril) tampon with hydrogen peroxide, to attach the cold bridge.
9. Alcohol - not anesthetized
Alcohol - really popular "anesthetic". It reduces sensitivity. And if a person has an injury, it is very dangerous. More allows the victim to make unnecessary movements, thereby often helping. Alcohol a person does not feel pain so clearly, begins to move, often exacerbating their trauma. And the doctor with the patient drunk hard - the patient can not accurately describe their condition and their feelings. In addition, many painkillers and other medications are not compatible with alcohol. 10. Permanganic - Dangerous Drugs
Another grandmother fed us for poisoning with potassium permanganate. Like as kill infection inside. But we must remember that potassium permanganate - a cluster of microcrystals. They, dissolved in water, give it a pink color. The larger the crystals, the darker and brine. The problem is that the crystals dissolve not to end (ends in just under reflux). After complete dissolution of the potassium permanganate solution necessary to pass through a good filter - for example, through several layers of cheesecloth. Otherwise, getting on the gastric mucosa, a crystal of manganese can cause serious chemical burns.