The first colonizers of Mars offered to live in an igloo again
In November, the American University of Texas scientists reported that Utopia Planitia located in the eastern part of the northern hemisphere of Mars with a diameter of about three thousand kilometers, it contains about as much water as Lake Superior in North America. On Mars, however, the water is frozen, it can certainly be on hand to future Martian colonists. Ice is very shallow layer of soil, according to the latest data on it is hardly more than ten meters, so NASA engineering design team proposed to use the frozen water on Mars for the construction of houses.
The project manager Ice Home (Ice House), Kevin Kempton, I am sure that it is the needle is the best at the moment the decision of the Martian "housing problem". His team is responsible for the development came alien houses and even presented to the public a few sketches.
The idea of the ice house concept developers is to make deployable or inflatable structure that can be used as a framework for a future home and the effective deployment of mobile workspace. To successfully work and live comfortably in the new challenging environment is essential for success. If it is possible to use the Martian ice for the construction of dwellings, it will reduce the amount of building materials sent to the Red Planet. Designed house is like a needle in appearance, but in reality it is much more complex multilayered structure. Here's the handy Martian ice, which can be used as a filler between the shield layer and one of the layers of the outer wall of the home. The materials from which it is supposed to produce such a needle, specially chosen so as to be translucent, so the wall will transmit light.
This is not the first concept of Martian needle proposed in recent years. Last year, the designers of the Space Exploration Architecture and Clouds Architecture Office also concluded that the ice house may be a good option for life and work of the future colonists. It remains to resolve the issues with gravity, pressure and much more with nothing.