Leaning Tower of Pisa: where and why it is necessary at an angle?
Several centuries ago in one of the Italian cities of the tower was built, slowly tilt every year. Today, the topic on the site our site - Leaning Tower of Pisa, where he was, who built, why it is necessary at an angle, but does not fall, and how much on her floors and bells?
There is an interesting story structure creation. When architect Pisano built a beautiful openwork tower, the local authorities refused to pay him for his work. And then, frustrated the master said, turning to the tower: "Come after me," she leaned toward the man and here for 8 centuries, the tilt angle in degrees has increased by up to 5 ° 30 ', which is five meters. Naklonchik rather big! But, surprisingly, in such a situation it has experienced earthquakes in the country and still fascinates tourists from all over the world. Here is a fantastic legend!
Few people know that the building - not just a tower and belfry (Campanella), part of the architectural ensemble of one style - Romanesque.
All the buildings: Pisa Cathedral, the Baptistery, the cemetery itself and bell tower were built in the city of Pisa (Italy). Construction began in the late 12th century and ended after 2 century in 1360. Over the years it has been interruptions in construction and it is believed that the project was originally erroneous, where not considered soft ground, which on the one hand, and dipped it became the "incident."
What is the building?
After the first 11 meters, the bell tower leaned and construction was interrupted by as much as 100 years. After trying to fix the bank, it did not work, and the construction of the bell tower completely stopped, not having completed the 4th floor of the project. And how many floors has the bell tower? 8 built, though it was planned 12.
the outside walls are covered with white and light gray marble, and near the entrance to the bas-reliefs depict unusual animals and beautiful sculpture of the Virgin and Child. Each floor is decorated by 30 columns, and at last - the elegant bell tower, where the call 7 bells, beating out a beautiful melody before each service.
55, 86 - the height in meters of the tower on the side of tilting and 56, 7 on the other side. The mass of all structures - 14 453 tons.
A what's inside? In the middle of the bell tower - lots of indoor galleries connected by a richly ornamented arches.
At the bottom there is a hall Pisces. This unusual place got the name for the relief of the big fish - a symbol of Christianity. The belfry of a staircase with 294 marble stairs and comfortable and as you climb up, you can through the viewing window to admire the views of the city, and on the fifth floor to go to the observation deck. And at the top you are on yourself feel the inclination of the tower: not for the faint of heart!
And yet it holds!
Why did not she fall? The ground on one side sagged, but every year the slope increases and for some reason reduced. This is due to the fact that soft ground is constantly shifting, but people are working each year to reduce the tilt. With these activities relate interesting facts. I had an idea: attach the tower to a huge balloon, which would not let her lean. Or even funnier: lay around the railway and put it on the tram, he would ride around and ram the ground that it does not shrink. Build near the same tower, but with an inclination in the opposite direction - even if they are the tops of the support each other. And laughter, and sin, as they say! But, of course, from such "funny" ideas and refused to stop at a constant strengthening of the foundation. And hurray! In the 16th century the "curve" tower not only ceased to be tilted, but lightly straightened. Now there is hope that the famous bell tower will stand still for three hundred years.
To see the tower and the surrounding buildings can be daily, from June to September it is open until midnight, to admire the beauty of the city at sunset and make amazing photos. The ticket is not cheap - 18 euros, because the restoration was spent too much money. But even with high cost, you need to buy a ticket in advance, ie. A. There is an enormous variety of travelers.
The exact location of the
Where there is a building, the exact address: Piazza del Duomo, 56126 Pisa PI, Tuscany, Italy. From the city railway station can be reached on foot within 40 minutes, the watch and other attractions. And can be reached by bus. And do not forget to take a photo with a celebrity tilt. And you can still say about the little secret of the tower if it still like that "straighten" it will not be bringing the city of colossal profits, and "celebrity" will cease to be.
All the fun of the Tower of Pisa did you learn from the article where it is, how many years have built and when it was built, along with a brief description of the external and internal decoration.
See also the video:
Share article with friends on social networks. Until next time on our website!