10 the sad facts of life after the apocalypse
When fall bombs face of the planet will change forever. For 50 years, this fear did not leave the people. Enough for one person to press the button - and break out a nuclear apocalypse. Today we have not so much experience. The Soviet Union disintegrated, the bipolar world, too, the idea of mass destruction has become a cinematic cliche. However, the threat will never go away forever. The bombs are still waiting until someone presses the button. And new enemies will always be. Scientists have carried out tests and build models to understand what will happen to life after the explosion of the bomb. Some people will survive. But life in the smoldering remains of the destroyed world will change completely.
Will black rain
Soon after to explode a nuclear bomb goes heavy black rain. It will not be fine droplets clears dust and ashes. It will be tight black balls, similar to the oil, and they can kill you.
In Hiroshima black rain went through 20 minutes after the bomb detonated. He covered an area of about 20 kilometers around the epicenter, covering an area of thick liquid, which could atone for accidents in the radiation 100 times greater than in the center of the explosion.
City around the survivors burned and robbed them last oxygen. The thirst was unbearable. Trying to fight the fire, desperate people even tried to drink strange water falling from the sky. But in this fluid was enough radiation to start the irreversible changes in the human blood. She was strong enough to manifest the effects of rain, and to this day in the field, where he settled. If explode another atomic bomb, we have every reason to believe that there will be the same.
An electromagnetic pulse is cut down electricity
When a nuclear explosion, it can send a pulse of electromagnetic radiation, which chop off electricity and will beat all network de-energized city or an entire country.
In one of the nuclear test pulse sent by the detonation of a nuclear bomb, it was so strong that it knocked out street lights, televisions and telephones in the homes of 1,600 kilometers around. This, however, was not planned. Since then, the bombs were designed specifically for this task.
If the bomb, which should send an electromagnetic pulse, explode in 400-480 kilometers over the country, such as the United States, will fail the entire electrical network of the country.
Therefore, when a bomb falls, the lights go out. All the refrigerators with food will break down. Data on all computers will be available. To make matters worse, the objects that provide the city with water, stop the drinking clean water.
It is believed that the country's recovery will take six months. But that's assuming that people will be able to work on this. But when fall bomb, they would not before.
Smoke closes sun
The areas near the epicenter receive a powerful burst of energy, and will be burned to ashes. Anything that can burn, burn. Building, wood, plastic and even asphalt on the roads will burn. Oil refining facilities - which were planned objectives during the Cold War - will explode with fire.
Fires, which will cover each target nuclear bombs, direct into the atmosphere toxic fumes. A dark cloud of smoke 15 kilometers above the Earth's surface will rise and move, urged by the wind until it will cover the entire planet, shutting out the sun. In the early years the world will be unrecognizable after the nuclear disaster. The sun will no longer give its light the planet, and we see only the black clouds that cover the usual light. It's hard to say for sure how long it takes before they will disappear and the sky will be blue again. But in time, you can expect a nuclear holocaust, we will not see the sky for 30 years.
It will be too cold to grow food
Since the sun is no longer, the temperature begins to fall. Depending on how many bombs will be sent, the changes are more striking. In some cases, it can be expected that the global temperature drops to 20 degrees Celsius.
If we are waiting for total nuclear apocalypse, the first year will be without summer. Weather, in which we used to grow the crop, will be winter or late-autumn. Grow food would be impossible. Animals across the world are hungry, the plants wither and die.
But a new ice age will not. During the first five years of murderous frost will greatly interfere with the plants. But then everything will return to normal, and for about 25 years, the temperature returns to normal. Life will go on if we, of course, can attest.
The ozone layer is broken
Of course, life is back to normal will not come soon or fully. A year later, after hitting some bombs processes running air pollution, will prodelyvat hole in the ozone layer. It would not be good. Even with a small nuclear war, which uses only 0, 03% of the world's arsenal, we can expect that up to 50% of the ozone layer will be destroyed.
The world will destroy ultraviolet rays. Plants will die everywhere, and living beings face by mutations in the DNA. Even the staunchest culture will become weaker, less and less able to reproduce. Therefore, when the sky cleared and the world a little warm up, food growing is incredibly difficult process. When people try to grow food, perish the whole field, and farmers, who will stay in the sun long enough to grow crops to die a painful death from skin cancer.
Billions of people will starve
If a nuclear apocalypse comes, will take at least five years before anyone will be able to grow enough food. At low temperatures, frost and scorching ultraviolet radiation exhausting stream from heaven a few crops can survive long enough so that they can be collected. Billions of people will starve to death.
Survivors will be looking for ways to grow food, but it will not be easy. People living near the ocean, chances are higher because the sea will cool down slowly. But life is too poumenshitsya in the oceans.
The darkness of the sky blocked kill plankton, a major food source of the oceans. Radioactive contamination also spilled into the water, reducing the amount of life and making it dangerous for anyone who wants to try it.
Most of the survivors of the bombing, will not survive the next five years. Food is not enough, a lot of competition, many will die.
Canned food can have a
among the few that will be able to eat the people in the first five years will be canned. Tightly packed bags and cans of food will be there, and in this fiction do not deceive us.
Scientists conducted an experiment in which beer is placed in the bank and soda near a nuclear explosion. Outside the banks were covered with a thick layer of radiation, so to speak, but inside everything was in order. Strongly radioactive steel drinks, which were very close to the epicenter, but they could drink. Scientists have tested the radioactive beer and rendered quite edible verdict. Canned food is believed to be as safe as the beer in cans. Also, there is reason to believe that the water from deep underground wells, too, is quite suitable. The struggle for survival certainly turn into a struggle for control of deep-water wells and supplies of canned food.
Chemical radiation penetrates to the bone
Even with the food, the survivors have to fight the spread of cancer. Shortly after the fall bombs radioactive particles rise up into the sky and then will fall to the ground. When they fall, we can not even see them. But they will still be able to kill us.
One of lethal chemicals will strontium-90, which deceives the body, posing as calcium or inhalation use. The body sends toxic chemicals directly into the bone marrow and teeth, giving sacrifice of bone cancer.
Will we be able to survive these radioactive particles, it depends on our luck. It is unclear how many particles will settle. If a long time, you might get lucky.
If two weeks pass before the particles settle, the radioactivity will fall a thousand times, and we can experience them. Yes, cancer is wider, shorter life expectancy, mutations and defects often, but mankind definitely will not be destroyed.
There will be a massive storm
During the first two or three years of frosty darkness, we can expect that the world will hit a storm, of which there are light never seen before.
Garbage sent into the stratosphere, not only closes the sun, but also affect the weather. It will change the process of the formation of clouds, making them more efficient in the production of rain. Until everything is back to normal, we will observe the constant rain and strong storms.
In the oceans, everything will be even worse. While the temperature on Earth to quickly go into a nuclear winter, the oceans will cool off much longer. They will stay warm, so played out on the ocean front, the massive storm. Hurricanes and typhoons will wreak havoc on all coasts in the world and they will rage for years.
People will survive
Billions of people will die if the nuclear accident does happen. 500 million people will die instantly in the bombing of the war. Billions will starve or freeze to death.
But there are many reasons to believe that humanity will survive. People will be a little, but they will be, and that's good. In the 1980s, scientists were convinced that in the event of a nuclear war destroyed the entire planet will be. But now we come to the conclusion that part of humanity still be able to go through this war.
25-30 years clouds dissipate, the temperature will return to normal, and life will get a chance to start anew. Plants will grow. Yes, they will not be as lush. But after a few decades, the world will look like in the modern Chernobyl, where giant forest grew.
Life goes on. But the world will never be the same again.