Discovered a dangerous new strain of anthrax
Anthrax is one of the most dangerous diseases that can in the shortest possible time to provoke a major epidemic with a large number of victims. According to EurekAlert publication with reference to the journal Nature, an international team of researchers were able to establish that at the moment the bacterium Bacillus anthracis (anthrax) intensified in Tai (National Park in Côte d'Ivoire). It could lead to massive loss of its inhabitants. Moreover, according to the scientists, the strain of bacteria found in places not previously been registered.
hitherto unknown bacterial strain is called Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis, and it has already caused the deaths of several chimpanzees in the Tai. As it became known, the same strain resulted in the destruction of the gorillas, elephants and chimpanzees in Cameroon and the Central African Republic. Scientists have studied the bones of dead specimens and animal tissues, collected over the past 28 years. In addition, the contents of the stomach padalnyh flies have been studied, lived in areas of infection, which in theory could communicate with the dead from anthrax in animals and become carriers of the pathogen. These measures could provide a "contamination map" and to understand the spread of the disease. According to researchers, about 40% of deaths of animals in the national park for almost 30 years have been associated with exposure to a previously unknown anthrax. The pathogen was found in several species of monkeys, mongoose, and porcupines. According to the researchers, for the salvation of the animal population and the conservation of species diversity of the national park to take measures to curb the spread of the deadly bacteria. The danger lies in the fact that from Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis increasingly affected chimpanzees are genetically close to humans. This means that there is a possibility that the new strain is a dangerous disease can be transmitted to humans.