Airbus will create the rover to collect samples of Martian soil and return them to Earth

In April this year, the US space agency NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) has agreed to consider the possibility of delivering samples of Martian soil to Earth in future missions to the Red Planet. According to the latest news, ESA signed a contract with Airbus for $ 5, $ 2 million that the latter has developed the concept design of the new Mars rover, which will be able to collect the necessary samples of Martian soil.

Airbus will create the rover to collect samples of Martian soil and return them to Earth

The creation of the new rover will deal with the English headquarters of Airbus, located in Stevenage. The European Space Agency has chosen the Airbus division of English as a developer of the new Mars rover, because at the moment the company has been developing the rover, however, for another mission, ExoMars - a joint project of ESA and the Russian state corporation Roscosmos for Mars Exploration. He should go to the Red Planet in 2021, in the second part of the space mission.

In contrast to the same project ExoMars rover, which will be equipped with a variety of scientific instruments, and deal with the fulfillment of many scientific problems, the only problem is the rover will be discussed today in the collection of samples of Martian soil. At the same time he does not even have to drill the Martian surface.

For it will hold a series of drillings rover that will go to the next planet in 2020, and a successor to the rover's "Kyuriositi", which is currently crisscrossing the surface of the Red Planet. After this "rover 2020" gather soil samples in special containers 30, which can then leave at various points of its path. Rover-collector, developed manufacturer Airbus, will travel to Mars in 2026. Upon reaching their destination, he will gather the scattered containers with soil samples using its robotic arm. Ben Boyers, head of the technical team of Airbus adds:

"This is a relatively compact rover, weighing about 130 kilograms. But the big problem will be assigned to it. The car will have to overcome long distances, most of the time working in stand-alone mode on a daily basis and paving the way forward on their own movement. "

Airbus will create the rover to collect samples of Martian soil and return them to Earth

An early design of the new rover-collector the Airbus

It is expected that the collection of all containers with the samples left behind "rover 2020" at the rover-collector may take about 150 days. After that, he will need to find the lander, with whom he will arrive at Mars. The rover load all containers in the apparatus, after which the produce off (to become the first takeoff from Mars) and meet orbiting spacecraft, which takes samples back to Earth.

Of course, all this will be possible only after the two companies will appreciate the technical and economic feasibility of the project, and will also address the issue of technology development for the implementation of such a space mission.