RAS support the construction of a lunar base, and discussed some details
Russia plans to build a manned lunar base. As reported by TASS with reference to its sources, the Council of the RAS on Space supported the project. On Wednesday held a meeting with the head of Roscosmos, Dmitry Rogozin and RAS President Alexander Sergeyev, which also considered the overall concept of development and exploration of the Moon. During the meeting, the idea of the construction of two observatories on the Moon's surface has been proposed.
One will be for the study of cosmic rays, and the other is a radio astronomy.
"At the Council of RAS on space today discussed the complex concept of the general program of research and development of the Moon, from the launch of automated vehicles -" Luna-25 "," Luna-26 "," Luna-27 "- and ending with the manned program, and and the deployment of stations on the moon, observatories. It was decided to support this concept and continue to work on it ", - said the source agency.
It is learned that the development of Russian moon planned to be carried out in several stages, starting with the launch of automated stations. After that, to fly around the Earth's satellite will be sent a crew of Russian cosmonauts, and then begin implementation of the plan for the deployment of Russia's lunar satellite infrastructure.
"Before that, it was all in fragmented form, and is now given in the overall concept," - said the source, adding that the RAS Council meeting did not discuss specific launch date of automatic vehicles to the moon and manned missions to the satellite.
Finalize Russian lunar program is planned for spring 2019. This was announced by Deputy Chairman of the Board of RAS on space, scientific director of the Space Research Institute RAS Leo Green.
"A detailed feasibility study of the lunar program was not, there was a general, primary. And now will make a detailed feasibility study. By March, will be given at the program concept, and a great program, maybe it will turn out in April, "- commented Green.
Earlier it was reported that the crew of Russian astronauts first landed on the moon after 2030. The duration of the mission is 14 days. According to a preliminary outline of the roadmap to 2040, the development of the Earth's satellite will be carried out in three stages.
In the first (until 2025) on board the International Space Station will be testing all the necessary technology. We plan to create to create a basic module lunar station. Will be carried out tests of the manned spacecraft "Federation". In addition, under the same stage planned flybys of the moon unmanned robotic version of the "Federation" and the study of the surface of the satellite automatic stations.
As a possible basis for the construction of lunar orbital station are the elements of the ISS Russian segment. It is primarily a question of the node module, the transport ship, as well as research and energy unit, which is scheduled to deliver and to dock with the International Space Station in 2022. In the second phase (2025-2035 years) will be working out the means of access to the surface of the moon (in the future near-lunar space station will be equipped with take-off and landing cargo and manned module for landing on the surface), the first manned missions to the moon's surface, creating and placing on Moon first elements of the future framework.
The third phase covers the period after 2035. During this period, it is expected to complete the construction of a full-fledged visited lunar base. Thereafter, it is planned to begin the creation of a unified system of manned and automatic means for the further development of the Moon.
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