Russian experiment to simulate a flight to the Moon will continue in March 2019 of

In March of 2019 begins the second part of a long insulating SIRIUS experiment to simulate sending people to the moon, which this time will be held for 4 months. It will be attended by Russian testers, as well as two members from the space agency NASA that the last will be first. As part of the experiment is planned to carry out a simulated "fly" to the moon, choose a location for the future construction of settlements and the base, and then "return" back to Earth.

Russian experiment to simulate a flight to the Moon will continue in March 2019 of

It is reported that up to half of the "crew" terrestrial experiment can make a woman. Medical-expert commission on January 9-10 will select 10 people. From January 14 to begin training, which resulted in 5 people will be selected. In total, the crew will be 6 people. Four of them - the Russians: two women and two men. On the American side in the experiment will take a couple of part of men and women. To date, it has already approved the candidacy of one of the Russian participants. It will be a cosmonaut Evgeny Tarelkin, who worked on the ISS in 2012-2013, and will be the captain of the crew in the experiment. NASA also has selected two people, but their names are not yet known.

The Russians are flying to the Moon

Before the actual start of the insulation experiment, scheduled for March 1, the crew will have to spend three days in the medical-technical ground experimental complex (NPC), who will perform the functions of the spacecraft. So scientists want to make sure that all participants will be ready to prolonged isolation.

Russian experiment to simulate a flight to the Moon will continue in March 2019 of

As part of the experiment is planned simulation of flight, landing, and work on the Moon and return to Earth. The plan is as follows: after a week since the beginning of the experiment the crew to reach the satellite's orbit and will dock to the lunar orbital station (will play the role of Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway analogue future station). Over the next two months will be carried out observations of the lunar surface and produced a decision on the point of landing. In the same period, a series of simulated docking will be conducted with other transport spaceships.

After landing place is definitely determined, four crewmember simulate landing on the descent module will then a series of group (2-3 persons) exits onto the surface.

For greater realism of what is happening will use virtual reality system, mounted in the helmets of astronauts spacesuits. Floor pavilion, which will pass simulation experiment is coated sand simulating lunar regolith. Also, during communication with the earth to be the most realistic simulated communication five minute delay, as well as other emergency situations. It is noted that the relationship between the participants and the experiment and Earth can "disappear" to 5 days.

During the simulation phase of work on the lunar surface (will last about 10 days), "remained in orbit" colleagues will have "landed" astronauts various technical assistance and advice. During the final phase of the experiment, before the "return" back to Earth for the crew made a four-circled the moon, and will be engaged in simulated lunar rover remote control. As part of the experiment for the subjects will follow the doctors from the Institute of Biomedical Problems (IBMP RAS), as well as their colleagues from NASA.

Recall that the SIRIUS project is a series of experiments on modeling of long-term conditions of interplanetary flight mixed (both national and gender composition) of the crew in terms of autonomy. In the first phase, held in November 2017, participants in the experiment were isolated from the outside world the conditions within 17 days. In the second phase, which will start in March next year, it is scheduled four-month experiment. At the end of 2019 - early 2020, scientists are going to spend the next stage, which will have to last for 8 months. On the 2020-2021 year scheduled stage of the annual experiment. Previously, it was also noted that the annual steps may be several. In addition, the possibility of an even more prolonged stages of the experiment.

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