"Second Sun Earth": the thermonuclear future of China and unlimited energy
March 19, 2019 The Galaxy wrote that China is about to launch the "artificial sun", promising a future of infinite clean energy. Unlike nuclear fission, synthesis does not emit practically no greenhouse gases and carries less risk of accidental leakage of atomic substance. "Artificial sun" - a Chinese experimental advanced superconducting tokamak torus-shaped, which is built on the ground spit in the lake in the eastern province of Anhui.
is an eternal source of energy in China
Province officials have announced that this year's car, which will contain the "artificial sun", will be built and activates nuclear fusion, in which hydrogen from sea water and easily accessible lithium will be heated to a temperature of more than 150 million degrees Celsius.
Already operating reactor of this type in Hefei gave the same temperatures as in the sun's interior. In November, he became the first in the world of the object, wherein the temperature of 100 million degrees was reached - six times higher than in the core of our star. These incredible temperatures are critical to the maintenance of a stable nuclear fusion reactions, which promises to be an inexhaustible source of energy. "Plasma artificial sun mainly consists of electrons and ions, and existing in the country-type device" Tokamak "reached the electron temperature over 100 million degrees Celsius in the plasma core and ion temperature in 50 million degrees, and that the ions generate energy in the device," he says Dr. Duane Tsuru, a spokesman for the China national nuclear Corporation.
HL-2M "Tokamak" will increase the intensity of the electricity from one to three megaamperes that will be an important step to achieve nuclear fusion. Deuterium recovered from one liter of seawater, for complete fusion reaction releases energy equivalent of 300 liters of gasoline combustion.
"Artificial sun" will perform the synthesis as well as the sun, using deuterium and tritium (3-radioactive hydrogen) and generate electricity. Clean energy will not produce waste, which makes it ideal for use by people in the future.
The shape of this "artificial sun" reminiscent of an imaginary "planetary motion" of Chinese sci-fi blockbuster "wandering the Earth", and its main unit is a red rectangle. In 2018, scientists announced that they have managed to maintain the temperature for 60 seconds, but the goal is to keep it longer, up to one thousand seconds.
"We hope to expand international cooperation on this device and make the Chinese contribution to the future use of the fusion of humanity," says Song Yount, who works on the project.
China also plans to build a single nuclear fusion reactor, which will generate electricity commercially available synthesized by mid-century. EAST is also part of the international ITER project, which is also working on fusion energy availability.
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