NASA take out living organisms beyond Earth orbit in 2020

NASA space agency released the last living organisms beyond Earth orbit back in 1972, when the crew of Apollo 17 landed on the moon. Arose half a century of silence will be broken as early as 2020 - the agency intends to launch into orbit the Sun spacecraft BioSentinel, which is located inside a container of yeasts. During the mission, the scientists want to find out what happens to living organisms under conditions of extremely strong radiation.

NASA take out living organisms beyond Earth orbit in 2020

It is known that the device developed BioSentinel weighs 14 kilograms and resembles a small box. According to the publication, the assembly unit will be completed in October, but it will be displayed when using a rocket Space Launch System (SLS) until mid 2020. Apart from him, on the rocket will fly another 12 microsatellites.

Inside BioSentinel will house two kinds of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae: one of them will be more resistant to cosmic radiation than the other. The unit will collect data on fungi for 9-12 months - in particular, the researchers hope to get detailed information about the reproduction of yeast. At the same time, scientists will be watching the same group of fungi that will remain on the International Space Station - where the radiation level is much lower, and between the two groups of samples will clearly be a big difference. Authors future studies indicated that DNA repair in yeast occurs in the same way as humans. Discoveries that will be made during the study, will allow to study the possible effects of space travel on human health.

Recall that researchers at Michigan Henry Ford Hospital recently found that space travel could cause irreparable damage to the joints. This became known through experiments on mice - it is possible to read about in our material.

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