When Russia will go on four-day work week, and how technology can help in this?

How to work less but earn more and not too tired? This issue is of concern, perhaps, not only to many Russians, but also citizens of many other countries around the world. It turns out that the recipe is. Going on four-day work week. The proposal was made in early June, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. As an example, he cited the successful experience of foreign countries, where companies can afford to pay for three days off a week. How it works and how this technology can help? Let's investigate.

When Russia will go on four-day work week, and how technology can help in this?

Experience from other countries

When Russia will go on four-day work week, and how technology can help in this?

As an example, Medvedev led a New Zealand company that has refused five days. Now its employees work only 4 days a week and rest 3. This transition has enhanced the productivity of employees by 20 percent.

This is not the only example. In the Netherlands, four-day week - almost a standard phenomenon. In Denmark and Norway, men work an average of no more than 33 hours a week. Recall is the European country with the highest economic indicators. The four-day working week is applied and some of the American companies. In particular, Google's employees - one of the largest technology companies in the world - for a few years only work four days a week.

Most recently, the transition to four-day working week announced CEO Virgin Group Richard Branson. One of his companies is going to send tourists into space, and the other - transport people in underground tunnels at speeds of more than 1000 km / h. Now, he says that to work five days a week, to rest two, but still have a couple of weeks per year of output - is not such a long tradition. This rule appeared and was fixed at the beginning of the last century, reflecting and raised the productivity of labor and the needs of people who grew up in classes outside of work. Again, Branson refers to the successful experience of transition to four-day working week in Google and other companies.

It is interesting to read: Industrial automation: the engine of progress?

Pros four-day working week

When Russia will go on four-day work week, and how technology can help in this?

The scientists say: four-day working week has a positive effect on the psychological and physical condition of the people. People will be able to devote more time to their families more involved with their household chores. Polls show that 60% of people do not have time to go the gym. The way out is to buy a treadmill or exercise bike. But to them at the end of the week often does not have enough forces.

Three-day weekend will help to avoid chronic fatigue, which can lead to prolonged depression and stress. The transition to the new schedule would reduce the number of hospital.

What does the technology?

When Russia will go on four-day work week, and how technology can help in this?

Speakers for chetyrohdnevku say that the transition to it is possible through improving the efficiency of labor and production automation. The first point has historically allowed to reduce working hours and increase the time on non-business purposes. The second allows to shift a part of our job duties on cars.

Examples of the use of robots for many. Get at least the same robot guards. After all, for they are created - to replace the human, where possible. Experts predict that in the future, in general, all progressive humanity will cease to work. For them it will make robots endowed with artificial intelligence. They will do the job faster and more accurately people. Many businesses are switching to the use of industrial robots that perform the most complex work. At the same time, these machines make it more accurate and faster than humans.

Also interested in reading: Artificial Intelligence in 2019: Terminator already or not yet?

When the four days a week will work in Russia?

Despite the large number of holidays, the Russians have a lot of work. According to statistics from the International Labor Organization (ILO) in 2017, with a 40-hour work week, the inhabitants of our country recruited in 1980 working hours per year. For comparison, in the same United States in 1790 working hours per year. And this despite the fact that they have fewer holidays.

The problem is that we have observed a very low productivity (the ratio of goods and services produced and the time that has been spent on it). According to experts, it is necessary to increase it by 20 percent. Current annual labor productivity growth of barely more than 1%. Thus we need 20 years to more or less painlessly move to the new schedule.

As a new idea are the Russians themselves?

When Russia will go on four-day work week, and how technology can help in this?

opinion polls show that 48% of Russians do not support this idea and oppose. 29% are positive, 17% say they do not care, and another 6% find it difficult to give a clear answer. The idea of ​​introduction chetyrohdnevki appreciated the Russian residents of large-millionika cities, where wages are on average higher. Negatively assessed the new idea of ​​the inhabitants of small towns and other small localities. The main concern - falling wages.

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