Scientists have found out who he was American, which 200 years ago, people thought the vampire
The story began nearly 30 years ago, in November 1990. During mining operations in the territory of one of the gravel pits in an American city in the state of Connecticut Griswold, that belongs to the New England region, workers stumbled upon the old 200-year-old abandoned family cemetery. In place of the archaeologists were called, who excavated a total of 28 graves. They contained the remains of 27 people: five men, eight women and 14 children. One tomb was the burial tracks, but turned out to be empty. But most of all scientists interested in the tomb at number 4. It is in the coffin, a wooden lid that contained the inscription "JB 55", showed clear signs of reburial.
The history of the vampire from the US
On opening the chest of the deceased, the scientists were surprised to see that. Thigh bones of the skeleton had been displaced from their anatomical position and placed on the broken ribs, forming the shape of stacked crosswise under the skull bones. Remember pirate flag. An unusual discovery was sent to the museum, and a fragment of one of the thighs of the deceased - in the research lab. However, the research technology of the time was given meager results and identify an individual at that time was not possible. The only thing that could suggest the scientists is the fact that the inscription "JB 55" detected on the coffin are the initials of the person's name and age, where he died.
Fragment coffin lid with initials
Already today, referring to the modern technology of DNA analysis, as well as historical information, and methods of predicting surnames genealogy researchers were able to determine that a person in his lifetime had surname Barber. The researchers then tested the old cemetery records and newspapers, trying to figure out whether he lived in the city of Griswold someone with that name. In one of the papers, researchers found an obituary, which reported on the death in 1826 of 12-year-old boy Nathan Barber, whose father was a man named John Barber. Bingo. Identity was finally established. Soon, scientists have found and why human remains in the coffin were in such an unnatural way.
Do vampires exist?
The researchers concluded that the locals believed the dead vampire and trying thus to prevent him rise from his grave. It was found that the exhumation of the remains of John Barbera held in about 5-6 years since his death. Most likely, did the members of his own family. Historians explain that while there were a lot of legends about vampires who can rise from the grave and take to the light of anyone who gets in their way. Therefore, local people often resorted to mystical rituals by which they believed could protect themselves. According to the researchers, in the historical records are records of at least 80 of these rituals. Graves alleged vampires a few years after their death was opened and tried to check whether to stay in the heart of the dead person's liquid blood. If this were the case, according to popular belief, a person was considered a ghoul. The heart then burned, crushed bone and conducted repeated disposal. Scientists say that such rituals were carried out not only among the rural population of the USA, but also in Europe at that time.
The people who have dug Barbera 200 years ago, heart in his chest did not find - at that time it had already decomposed. So they just changed the location of its bones, and some - broke.
The causes and symptoms of tuberculosis
But Barber certainly was not a vampire. He had tuberculosis. Historians believe that it was tuberculosis patients mistakenly thought vampires. Pale and exhausted, with sunken cheeks, eyes and bad breath. In the corners of the mouth from time to time after coughing accumulate and dry blood. It is such external signs of bloodsuckers described in fairy tales and legends about vampires.
The pathogen of the disease - the tubercle bacillus (or tubercle bacillus) - was discovered only in 1882 by the German microbiologist Robert Koch, so the inhabitants of New England at the time did not realize what was really going on.
See also: TB can be defeated until 2045
The farmers of that time lived in large families. In one room, slept from five to seven people. Therefore, people infected with TB will inevitably their home. It was a real epidemic. Not realizing that the disease is spread through airborne droplets, but seeing how people began to melt before our eyes, and to die in droves, uneducated residents attributed seen vampire attacks, which further increased the superstitious fear among the locals. And causes them to perform those same rituals with the remains of the deceased.
What was actually 200-year-old US "vampire"?
The fact that Barber died from a severe form of tuberculosis, scientists have learned as of its edges. TB bacteria left on the bones characteristic markings. On the remains, scientists have also determined that John Barber was a very hard-working, but not a rich farmer. A person lacking several front teeth. Furthermore, it was arthritis knees and clavicle fracture, which correctly merged.
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