July 2019 broke the record for the highest temperature
In early 2019 NASA Space Agency, the World Meteorological station and other organizations announced that the last four years have stood the hottest in modern history. According to the European Space Agency, the planet's temperature continues to rise and the first days of July 2019 stood out the hottest of all time, which it is monitoring. In hot weather already has consequences - in European countries increased electricity prices, because the authorities had to shut down nuclear power plants.
The application of the new temperature record was made on the basis of data collected by the European Agency satellites designed to monitor climate change. They were launched into orbit as part of space "Copernicus" program in 2014 and engaged in shooting the surface of the planet, studying the composition of the atmosphere and watch everything that happens on land and water.
Record the highest temperature
Accurate temperature readings agency does not name, but the previous record for the highest temperature was recorded by satellites in July 2016. Two years later, the temperature in the same month increased, but not by much - about 0, 56 degrees Celsius. According to the calculations of meteorologists is at 1, 2 degrees higher than at the time when humanity has not yet begun to emit greenhouse gases.
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The consequences of the summer heat
Even in such seemingly slight increase in temperature has huge implications. For example, the icy Greenland territory began to melt - this is normal for the summer, but in 2019 began to turn ice into water much earlier, in May. In the end, instead of the projected 60-70 million tons of ice the area lost 197 billion tons.
Scientists fear that the melt water in large quantities fall into the North Atlantic and harm living there fish and other aquatic inhabitants. Also, the melting of Greenland may cause severe storms. In addition, the melt water can affect the level of the world's oceans - it will rise by about a millimeter. In the distant future, if the water level will increase at least 20 centimeters, their homes could lose about 740 thousand citizens of Nigeria.
The consequences of fires in Siberia
Of course, one of the worst consequences of heat in 2019, are the fires in Siberia. According to Greenpeace, Russia has already burned more than 12 million hectares of forest. Smoke and heat coming from the forests extend for many kilometers and even affect the rate of melting of the same glacier in Greenland. Irreparable harm is caused to human health and because in the city there is a strong smog, and their residents are forced to breathe in smoke. And this despite the fact that the smoke from the burning of forests may be more dangerous than radiation.
The extent of fires in Siberia
Heat waves in European countries associated with the hot air coming from the desert. And over Greenland and north-central Europe, in turn, this summer developed a region with high pressure - she did not give passage of air masses, which could cool the hot regions.
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It seems that the air temperature in the world will continue to grow. In fact, mankind should not worry, that it was the hottest June in recent years. Worry that it may be the coldest in the near future.
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