How global warming could destroy a large part of the plant in Europe
In the recent years it has increasingly raised the issue of global warming on our planet with you. We also do not go around this theme party and regularly talks about the researches in this field in our news Telegram channel. However, all the more frightening predictions continue to come from scientists from around the world. At this time, a new study experts from the Max Planck Institute and the University of California at Berkeley says that global warming could destroy a large part of the plant in Europe. And this process has already begun.
Global warming threatens all kinds of plants and animals
Why global warming destroying plants
Like all living organisms on our planet with you, plants are able to grow and "adapt" to changing environmental conditions. As stated by our colleagues from the publication Science Daily, experts from the United States studied a population of Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis thaliana), is quite common in Europe plants of the cabbage family. The scientists collected data from more than 500 geographical locations in Europe, commonly used for biological studies. In this case, the cultivation of these plants in Spain and Germany in dry conditions showed how individual plants respond to heat and drought. Arabidopsis thaliana is also interesting in that it is able to respond quickly enough to changing conditions and to acquire in connection with this new genetic mutations.
Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis thaliana). Currently, the plant has spread to every continent except Antarctica
The researchers were particularly interested in how the unique combination of genetic mutations allow different members of the same species of plants to withstand experimentally simulated climate change. Since some of these acquired mutations may provide physiological benefits. These data were then combined with models to predict how temperature and precipitation will change over the next few decades. This made it possible to understand how the biological diversity of plants affect climate change caused by global warming.
On the basis of our calculations to 2050, we can predict a significant reduction in plant population, native to South and Central Europe - said the study's authors. Can survive only those plants that appeared genes necessary for the existence of the new conditions. And in some instances, such genes have already appeared.
It would seem that once the plants can adapt to changing conditions, why scientists are sounding the alarm? The thing is that the proportion of plants with the "new" genes is extremely small, and projections show that many of the existing populations of plants simply will not have the necessary genetic mutations to survive in a time of changing climate.
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We should not forget that the Arabidopsis thaliana capable of change is fairly easy, but not so on other plant species. Therefore, if we extrapolate new data obtained on other plants of South and Central Europe, the picture is the output will not comforting. Most of the plants still not be able to survive climate change, provided that the environmental situation has not improved.
Now scientists are engaged in the collection of genetic information concerning the most important region for the plant species in order to create more accurate forecasts in relation to the disappearance of plants. With this information in hand, it will be possible to understand what types of plants are most at risk of extinction, and will also be to develop takiku to avoid it.