Crashed rover Chandrayaan-2 is found. Will he be able to work?
A couple of days ago we wrote about the fact that the Indian mission Chandrayaan-2, the purpose of which was a soft landing on the moon to further explore the properties of the lunar soil, ended in failure. Today it was reported that not all that bad, and India has a chance now to join Russia (USSR), the United States and China in the list of countries that have been able to put their vehicles on the surface of our satellite. Let's understand why it happened, who is to blame, what to do and whether the machine will continue to work.
Indian lunar module Chandrayaan-2 could be saved
Let me remind you, the Mission Control Center in India has lost touch with the Lunokhod and descends platform during landing, when the surface was about one kilometer. At the same time, the orbiter, which is also part of the mission, remained in orbit and continues to operate normally. That he was able to find lost phones. In an interview with India Today TV said the chairman of ISRO Kailasavadivu Sivan.
The orbital part of "Chandrayaan-2" sent a thermal image of the lander on the ground. Experts understand the situation and promises to soon announce the details.
Indian rover Will the
The fact that the orbiter, part of the mission "Chandrayaan-2", was able to detect equipment with which communication has been lost, gives hope that this equipment can still be saved and the rover will be able to continue working. It is unlikely that he really "come to life", but hope, as we know, the last to die. Experts are now actively engaged in this issue.
Find your device on the surface of the moon - this is only part of the story. The main thing is to make it work.
Even if the equipment is working, it will be only a few days for normal operation, since then link to it will be lost already because of the position of the moon relative to the Earth. The design life of work originally was one lunar day (about 14 Earth days) - it was included in the program of the mission. If the rover will revive, you can still deduct a soft landing, and make India the fourth country in the elite club of countries that have made a soft landing on the moon. For India, it will be a real victory.
"We have come very close, but we need to work harder. Our desire is to touch the moon has become even stronger. "- Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India about the crash lander 09/07/2019.
The history of the Indian Space
There were 38 taken in the history of attempts to put the ship on the moon. Only about half of them succeed. In April, Israel has tried to put the ship on the lunar surface, but at the last minute failed. Despite this, it can still serve as a science. If all ended well, Israel would become the fourth country that was able to do it. India had hoped to take this place in case of a successful landing "Chandrayaan-2".
The Indian society is going through hard times and the success of Chandrayaan-2 could inspire people Despite a crash that seemed obvious after a failed landing, some experts continued to consider the mission a success. For example, the Pallava Bagley, science editor of the NDTV news channel, said that the mission can not be considered a failure, as the orbiter "Chandrayaan-2" was left in orbit and continued to work. According to him, 50 per cent of mission accomplished.
At the same time, experts knew beforehand and warned that the landing of the lunar module, named after the first head of the country's space agency, "Vikram", will be a very difficult task.
"Proper soft landing - is the most important part of the mission, - said Patrick Das Gupta, professor of physics and astrophysics at the University of Delhi. - The descent from a height of 21 miles to the zero height is the most difficult part of the job "
The first Indian lunar mission "Chandrayaan-1", launched in 2008, proved that on the surface of the Moon can be a water molecule. The current mission was to find the water and study the thermal properties of the lunar soil, taking his trial.
So run space missions. Beauty!
Attempts to put the ship on the moon are taken not only by India. Other countries also want to gain a foothold in this bridgehead. Among them, the United States can lead kotoryya not throw attempts to bring people to the surface of our satellite. On behalf of Donald Trump, NASA must do so no later than 2024, that looks very doubtful on the background of the high costs and complexity of the mission. Here, by the way, it is possible to note a very good cost-effectiveness of the Indian space program. The cost of the mission 'Chandrayaan-2 "was only $ 141 million. It is very small for such a large project. Let's discuss in our Telegram-chat, it is.
The purpose of the mission 'Chandrayaan-2 "
The orbiter mission 'Chandrayaan-2 "had to perform eight scientific experiments to measure and create maps of the lunar surface and study its outer atmosphere.
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The mission became a source of great national pride. Social media many expressed support for space agencies and scientists. Even the failure did not prevent them from maintaining agency.
In addition to success in space, which is undoubtedly important for Indian and world science, a successful landing could remove some tension in society. The fact is that in India, begins to increase dissatisfaction with the Modi government, which is facing an increasingly bleak economic scenarios. Especially the situation is forced on the back of low GDP and high unemployment.