As we recognize the face and why some do it better than others?

We are able to recognize and remember hundreds of people, but why do some do it better than others? It is no secret that there are people who are well recognize and remember faces. They easily recognize a man who had seen only once, and for a brief period. At the same time, other people are experiencing serious difficulties in remembering and recognizing people in everyday situations. These are the two extremes. Most of us in between. But why is there such a huge individual differences? As these abilities affect us, and how come from? According to the latest scientific research, our ability to recognize and register faces depends on the type of personality.

As we recognize the face and why some do it better than others?

The process of face recognition, the brain primarily draws attention to the gender and age

How does the brain recognize faces?

The human brain is designed in such a way that we recognize faces almost instantly. One look, and here we have already determined whether this person is familiar to us, man or woman, as his or her age and so on. However, some parameters of our brain defines faster than others.

According to the study, published in the journal Nature Communications, primarily the brain determines the gender and age. This brain takes about 70 milliseconds. Scientists have observed the brain activity during face detection and found that after 30 milliseconds, the brain recognizes the unique features inherent in each of us. Experts note that these options are considered quite simple.

But we know the person or not, the brain realizes at the last moment. Those people whom we know well, the brain detects any angle and with any hair style. And if we are shown two pictures of the same person with different hairstyles, the brain will tend to perceive them as two different people. The sequence in the chain of face recognition in the brain is always the same: first, sex, age, emotions, identity and only then to the brain begins to "to think," Do we need this person or not sign.

Why do we recognize a different person?

Differences in face recognition may reflect structural differences in the brain. For example, people with prosopagnosia may be reduced connection between areas of the brain in the process of facial recognition.

As we recognize the face and why some do it better than others?

Hollywood actor Brad Pitt suffer from prosopagnosia

Prosopagnosia - a disorder of perception of the person, in which the ability to recognize faces is lost. At the same time, people distinguish and recognize objects.

Scientists also believe that facial recognition ability is associated with general cognitive abilities such as memory and processing visual information. However, these results are not accurate. Only a few studies have confirmed the link between the recognition of individual and specific cognitive abilities. Others study the existence of such a link is not found.

cognitive abilities are called higher brain functions - it is our ability to think, to speak, to learn. In other words it is the cognitive skills make us human.

Another possible explanation lies in the fact that individual differences in the recognition of persons directly linked to the personality of the person or his social and emotional interaction with others. Another interesting fact is that the ability to recognize faces is related to the severity of anxiety and sympathy.

As we recognize the face and why some do it better than others?

Not everyone can equally well to recognize faces

Sympathy reflects a person's ability to understand and share feelings with others. In 2010, during the study, the researchers asked volunteers to try to remember the identity of a few individuals, which they were shown one by one. they were later presented the same faces, mixed together with new faces. The subjects were asked to indicate whether each person was "old" (unlearned) or "new". The researchers found that those who spoke of himself as a person with a strong capacity for empathy is much better able to cope with the task of face recognition than those who had empathy skills were not developed. Empathy - the ability to empathize with the other person and understand his emotional state.

Anxiety and face recognition

Experts agree that the level of anxiety affects the ability to recognize faces. So, people experiencing social anxiety worse to deal with it. Another interesting fact is that recent studies have shown that the connection between anxiety and the ability to recognize individuals is more common in women.

Situational anxiety can also play a role. For example, facial recognition may be disturbed when a witness is asked to try to identify the person of the suspect, which he sees in a stressful situation.

Even more interesting facts about the brain you will find on our channel in Yandex. Zen.

How is the type of personality and the ability to recognize faces?

Recently we wrote about the differences in brain function in people with different types of personalities. Thus, the researchers concluded that the brain extroverts - people who enjoy socializing and lead a more active social life, different from the brain in general, introverts - people who prefer to interact with others as little as possible. The differences between introverts and extroverts is the reward system - when dealing in introverts and extroverts are released various neurotransmitters - dopamine and acetylcholine.

As we recognize the face and why some do it better than others?

Brain extroverts and introverts works differently

Thus, it is no secret that extroverts perfectly versed in social media and are more involved in social activities than introverts. Therefore, experts do not exclude that extroverts better at recognizing faces. In a recent study, researchers collected data from the group of 20 and 23 extraverted vysokointervertnyh volunteers (initial sample of volunteers from 339). They found that extroverts are significantly better at face recognition task compared to introverts. However, scientists do not fully understand the importance and the reason of the findings. It may be that extroversion facilitates excellent face recognition, or the fact that people who are better at recognizing faces, as a result become more extroverted.

If so, then the inability of man to learn and recognize faces can lead to the fact that it will become more closed. This will help him to avoid a potentially awkward social situations. In addition, the introverted people as a whole can meet fewer people and therefore can never purchase a good facial recognition skills.

And you're good to recognize faces or are experiencing some difficulties? Share your stories in the comments and our Telegram-chat.

In the future, scientists plan to study the effect on the ability to recognize individual persons factors such as altruism and optimism. They may soon find experts more explanation as to why some of us are better at recognizing faces than others.