What is curious from a scientific point of view?
How do you think it means to be curious? Scientists believe that curiosity - it is one of the personality traits. Each of us it is expressed in different ways. It turns out that some people are interested in others, knowledge or feelings more than others. Or not? Curiosity has a number of advantages, but it is also associated with the risk. To understand what is curious and what benefits it brings, scientists turned their attention to the brain.
Each of us in his own curious
How are curiosity and the brain?
Sometimes you have is that you have studied the subject, is not you are not interested, and then found that is it does not remember? In fact, this is a scientific explanation - according to research, stay in a state of curiosity increases our ability to remember information. But if you have to learn is that you really do not care to remember what you have learned will be extremely difficult.
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This may seem obvious. If you have something interesting, you pay more attention to it. That, in turn, facilitates memorization. However, curiosity effect on the brain is much more complex. When something seems curious, memory gets better. As a result, we are better than even remember that we are not particularly interested. It is no secret that curiosity associated with learning and this relationship can be seen. Curiosity leads to the activation of several areas of the brain known as the hippocampus (responsible for memory) and substantia nigra (responsible for positive emotions).
The relationship between fear and curiosity
Some experts in the past believed that curiosity has evolved as the instinct that helps us to adapt to new conditions, prompting the research. However, this seems to contradict other theories, suggesting that we are afraid of the new because of the potential danger that can carry something about before we did not know anything.
Curiosity is associated with the risk and thirst for thrills
It seems that curiosity and fear can be triggered by the same situations, the curiosity sometimes outweighs fear study something new. Some people fear may be partially responsible for the awakening of curiosity. We know that the system in the brain associated with obtaining compensation are activated when we are interested in. This indicates that curiosity is a kind of thirst for more information. At the same time the curiosity associated with risk, stress tolerance and the search for thrills.
What is common between curiosity and personality type?
According to studies, some people experienced the curiosity often or more intensively than others. But is curiosity - only personality trait? Experts suggest that all people are equally curious, but each person is experiencing "personal curiosity," which is manifested in interest to some specific things or situations. Scientists call this "type" of curiosity.
- epistemic curiosity - it describes a person's desire to obtain new information, such as facts, concepts or ideas. Such curiosity is aimed at removing the gaps in knowledge.
- Social curiosity - describes the passion and affection to the person how other people think, act and feel.
Researchers distinguish two kinds of curiosity, which are well studied:
In a recently published study, the researchers wanted to see whether the brain work differently in people with different type of curiosity. Experts also wondered if curiosity is the time the activity in the same brain areas that explain how curious people in general.
There are several types of curiosity: epistemic and social
According to preliminary results, scientists have identified an important area associated with epistemic curiosity, but not to other types. This is a set of brain - a structure that connects the hippocampus region of the brain associated with learning, information search and exploration. The more information we are interested in general, the connection work better in the brain responsible for learning, searching for information and motivation.
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How to use curiosity?
This research may help us understand how best to use curiosity in the real world, for example, at work and in educational institutions. Since the brain is associated with a set of improved learning, it says that we should strive to create a learning environment that promotes the study of ideas and information retrieval. It is important to remember that curiosity makes our memory and makes the brain work better.