What the sea could disappear from the face of the Earth?
Every second of our planet is changing. In this part there is a fault and the person who conducts harmful human activities. In addition to the influence of man, our planet is constantly exposed to volcanic eruptions, tornadoes, floods and landslides, which make a significant change in the Earth's ecosystem and, in particular, in the seas and oceans of the blue planet, some of which are now in danger of completely dry. So what are the sea now gradually disappearing from the face of the earth, and why? Let's try to understand this article.
Some of the sea of our planet may disappear in the near future
The Aral Sea
The Aral Sea in the past represents a fairly large endorheic salt lake in Central Asia, located on the border of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. By the sea, once regarded as the fourth-largest inland waters of the planet, it began a rapid decline in the water level of the 1960s. Thus, by 1989 the sea split into two isolated sea - South and North. In 2014, the eastern part of the Large (southern) Aral Sea dried up completely. The reason for this was the significant reduction of fresh water inflow from the main supply of water arteries, due to the development of agriculture. So, one of the largest channels built for the needs of land reclamation is considered Karakum, takes away from the Amu Darya River (one of the Aral Sea water supply arteries), about 45% of its water reserves.
Amu Darya - one of the major waterways in Kazakhstan
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The Dead Sea
Dead Sea - one of the most famous undrained saline lakes in the Middle East. The water level in it is 420 meters above sea level, making it the lowest place of the land area on Earth. Unfortunately, the fate of the Dead Sea formed similarly to the Aral. Increasing the water flow of the rivers flowing into the sea for household needs as well as the pumping of groundwater and climate change in the region - all of this dramatically affects the volume of water in the sea. Scientists say that by the year 2050 on the site of the Dead Sea will only be a small salt lake.
The Dead Sea can significantly obmelchali 2050
Lake Urmia - endorheic salt lake, located on the Armenian Highland, which is located in the north-west of Iran. In its heyday, the lake stretches from north to south for 140 km and 85 from east to west. Over the past 20 years, the lake area decreased to 2,000 sq. km, while in 1984 its area is 6000 square meters. km.
Experts believe that the main reasons for such a significant loss of water could become a severe drought and unsustainable use of water for irrigation, as well as the construction of dams on rivers feeding it. All Urmia lake ecosystem is under great threat, because according to experts even in 2014 it was turned into a swamp.
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Lake Chad - ancient relict lake, which is located in Central Africa on the border of four countries: Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Nigeria. Up to 60-ies of the last century, the lake area reached 26,000 square meters. km. Despite the fact that the lake is located in one of the driest places on the planet, the main reason for its drying is a sharp increase in water intake for the economic needs of growing populations, as well as clogging of the solid runoff flowing into rivers and dramatic climate change.
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In addition to these beautiful lakes, under the threat of extinction is all flora and fauna of the surrounding area to the ponds. But, fortunately, the situation has attracted a lot of attention of environmentalists and local authorities, who have made some efforts and measures to deal with the problems of drying out of the seas and lakes. Whether these measures will be successful - time will tell.