In the water, Saturn's moon found organic
Saturn - one of the most beautiful planets in the Solar System. Its unique appearance owes the largest ring system, which only can be seen in the solar neighborhood. In addition to its external data, Saturn is famous for a retinue of satellites of different shapes and sizes. So, Titan is one of the planets, potentially suitable for human colonization in the distant future; small satellite Mimas is unique in its giant crater, stretching for almost one-third of the moon, and the icy moon Enceladus may hide under its surface the real alien life. According to the official NASA statement under the surface of the ice it is this world really has organic matter. But how could she come to such a great distance from the Sun, and that can mean such a discovery for mankind?
Icy Enceladus may hide under its surface the real alien life
Can support life on Enceladus?
In September 2017 the Cassini spacecraft, Saturn explore the surrounding area, officially completed its mission. Before you burn in the atmosphere of a giant planet, the probe performed three recent flight around the small companion planet - Enceladus, during which he went through a water loop that goes directly from the surface of the moon. During the flight, the unit was able to collect information on the composition of the plume of Enceladus, which is very surprised scientists. According to official data NASA Enceladus water rich huge variety of compounds, among which appear carbon, nitrogen and ammonia in the form of even oxygen. It is known that on Earth such compounds are the building blocks that form the life itself. If similar processes occur on Earth's moon Enceladus, we can safely assume that life exists there.
See also: Abundance of gas on Enceladus - "free food" for life. But is there life out there?
In analyzing the automatic station data the Cassini, researchers from Germany and the United States were able to analyze the molecules in the ice grains in the plume of Enceladus, showing that they are the oxygen and nitrogen compounds. On Earth these compounds are involved in the production of amino acids - the building blocks of life.
under the icy crust of Enceladus may hide a veritable ocean of liquid water
Emissions emanating from Enceladus are the result of ongoing geological activity on the satellite of Saturn. The presence of the satellite powerful hydrothermal sources sending moon material from the nucleus to the space, indicates the presence of an energy source of unknown origin. Researchers believe that such a powerful source capable of lifting tons of ice and water far away in the atmosphere of the satellite may be the gravitational pull of Saturn, causing a phenomenon in the scientific community called libration. Largely due to the effect of libration, between the icy outer shell and the rocky core Enceladus may have a vast ocean of water, making it one of the most promising targets in the search for extraterrestrial life in our solar system.
Due to the fact that the Earth hydrothermal vents on the sea floor teeming with life, there is a great probability that they were responsible for the emergence of the primary life on Earth. In this case, the chemical reactions that take place within these sources could be specific building blocks from which to further develop all organisms. If so, then the presence of such sources on Enceladus could make this little icy world one of the most likely candidates for the emergence of alien life forms.
Hydrothermal vents may become the cradle of life on Earth
In their study, published in the Monthly Notes of the Royal Astronomical Society, the researchers tell us that the compositional characteristics of organic compounds is almost completely dissolved in the subsurface Enceladus ocean before evaporate and freeze in the crust of Saturn's moon.
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At the same time, scientists are questioning the need for extra-terrestrial life of certain amino acids, but the search itself the molecules that form the amino acid is an important part of the puzzle, the answer to that, one day, may shed light on the mystery of the origin of man on earth.