What do we know about the satellites of Uranus?
Uranus - the most mysterious and little-studied planet in the solar system. In 1986, when the space station "Voyager 2" is transmitted images of the ice giants on Earth, scientists called the blue planet "featureless" due to the fact that Uranus is not bright bands like Jupiter, are no outstanding rings like Saturn's, and on its temperature indicators Uranus even colder farther from the Sun Neptune. However, despite its "not remarkable", Uranus has as many as 27 satellites, some of which are truly worthy of our attention.
Uranus - the third of the diameter of the planet in the solar system
How are satellites of Uranus?
Despite the fact that Uranus has an en suite of 27 companions, only 5 of them could be considered a full-spherical moons. Thus, the largest satellite Titania planet can assume a diameter of 1578 km; in the second place Oberon, named after a character in William Shakespeare, on the third Umbriel satellite then the satellites, Ariel and Miranda. The latest satellite, by the way, voted the ugliest moon in the solar system. The fact is that according to research, this small Uranian satellites at one time been some large-scale disaster caused its complete destruction. Some time later, Miranda succeeded in some incomprehensible way, "stick together" again, which is why the moon's surface in the present day is a speckled shapeless projections ice desert, against which stands the geological formation called the shoulder of Verona.
The surface of Miranda and towering over her shoulder Verona
Interesting fact: All the moons of Uranus gets its name because of the characters from the works of William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope.
Satellite of Uranus Titania - the first opened in the vicinity of Uranus spherical object, which was discovered by the famous astronomer William Herschel in 1787. The surface of this satellite system literally fully dotted giant faults and breakages reaching a depth of 5 kilometers. The largest and deepest canyon on Titan is considered Messina canyon, which extends from the equator of the icy moon's south pole up to the satellite.
See also: Scientists have for the first time measured the temperature of the rings of Uranus
One of the first images of Titania, obtained thanks to earthlings "Voyager 2"
Oberon, named after the main character of the product of "Midsummer Night's Dream" by William Shakespeare, is a most distant satellites of Uranus, on the development of which has almost no influence of the ice giant's magnetosphere. Furthermore, Oberon was recognized as the red Uranus satellite system because of the presence on its surface a large number of dark red material of unknown origin.
Oberon - the red moon of Uranus
Half ice and half rock Ariel - one of the smallest spherical satellites in the solar system. Its surface has a complex topography, which is a deep canyons, breakages and valleys with signs of geological activity. It is believed that the total geological death saves him only a strong tidal influence of Uranus, stretching entrails its icy moon that occurs due to the satellite location is quite close to his neighbor.
If you like this article, I invite you to join our official channel on Yandex. Zen, where you'll find even more useful information from the world of popular science and technology.
Neighbor Ariel Umbriel is officially recognized by the darkest satellite of Uranus due to its extremely low reflectivity, which is only 16%. It is believed that Umbriel is one of the most cratered satellite of Uranus system, the dimensions of some very large craters of the moon, reaching 200 kilometers in diameter. It is known that Umbriel not visited any interplanetary probes, besides those already mentioned above, "Voyager 2" in 1986. Further expeditions to this truly lost world today are not planned.