Fruit juice is more harmful than other sugary drinks?
Bad news for fans of the fruit juice. According to a recent study, excessive consumption of the drink increases the risk of premature death. We hope you will remember that frequent drinking of sugary beverages has a negative impact on health, but in the case of fruit juices, things are even worse. The fact that fructose, as it were, its juice producers did not call, whether "real" or "natural" remains fructose, consumption of which is fraught with health problems. In addition, fruit juice is still positioned as useful for children, although the amount of sugar in some of them it is not inferior to the number of other sweet drinks.
Fruit juices were not as useful as previously thought
Is there any benefit from the fruit juice?
If you care about your health, then you already know that moderate consumption of fruit juice is good for health. The fact that previous studies have found an association between antioxidants and flavonoids in orange juice and cancer prevention. In addition, regardless of age, the human brain consumes the lion's share of the available body of sugar for energy.
But a new study published in the journal Jama Network Open a group of scientists from Emory University, the University of Alabama and Cornell University, shows that fruit juice consumption by more than doubles the risk of premature death compared with other sweet drinks.
A comparison of oranges with oranges
Study focused on the effect of consumption of fruit juices in the "all-cause mortality." In earlier studies have investigated a possible link between the consumption of juice and risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) such as dyslipidemia, diabetes and obesity. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether the juice consumption increases the likelihood of premature death in general.
Other sugary drinks also pose a threat to health
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The data analyzed in the study were taken from a nationwide study REGARDS (devoted to the causes of stroke, according to the geographical and racial identity). The study involved 13,440 adults whose average age was 63, 6 years. 59, 3% of men, 40, 7 and 68%, 9% were non-Hispanic whites. Seventy percent of the subjects suffered from being overweight or obese.
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REGARDS researchers re-interviewed subjects every 6 months until 2013. Among the subjects, there were about 1000 deaths from various causes, and 168 deaths from coronary heart disease. The researchers note that the subjects in person informed about their consumption of fizzy drinks, sugary soft drinks with taste of fruit and natural sweet 100 percent fruit juices. Participants were also asked to report on their eating habits.
It is terrible to look, right?
The researchers calculated the percentage of the total energy consumption (TE) of each participant, and the percentage of sugar resulting from the use of sugary drinks or fruit juice. On average, the subjects received about 8, 4% of the energy of sugary drinks and juice - is slightly below the threshold of high consumption. After the experts took into account other risk factors for cardiovascular disease in those who received more than 10% of energy from sugary drinks and fruit juices, the risk of mortality from coronary heart disease increased by 44% and total mortality by reasons - 14%. Looking at only one fruit juice, the researchers found that each additional 360 mL, exceeding the 10% of your TE increase the risk of premature death by as much as 24%. For comparison, the consumption of sugary drinks increase it to 11%.
Do I need to drink fruit juice?
Before finally say goodbye to the fruit juices, should see the results of previous studies, which state that moderate consumption of juice can reduce the risk of a coronary heart disease problems. At the same time, high levels of sugar in the juice is still a threat as a potential trigger for weight gain, diabetes, fatty liver disease and other serious health problems.
In general, experts recommend consuming natural juices without added sugar, and total consumption of fruit juice is limited as follows:
- 120-180 ml per day in children aged 1 to 6 years;
- 240 ml per day for children over 7 years, adolescents and adults