Tablets with tiny needles deliver drugs into the body is not worse pricks
According to statistics, about 20% of the population suffer from post-Soviet countries tripanofobii - fear of needles and injections. In the event of this phobia is not surprising, because surely every human being as a child doing quite painful injections into the buttock and the memories still cause fear of doctors. And sometimes without injections can not do, because some drugs are useless in the form of tablets - they lose all their medicinal properties in the acidic environment of the stomach. However, scientists from the US state of Massachusetts have figured out how to solve this problem. They developed a tiny capsule which when swallowed withstands corrosive environment of the stomach and enters the drug in the intestinal wall by means of tiny needles.
The fear of drugs, in turn, called farmakofobiey
According to researchers, the human intestine is one of the best places for the administration of drugs. They have at least two reasons for this assumption. First, the surface of the intestine has a huge area of 250 square meters, so the capsule with tiny needles can enter the drug almost anywhere and not to miss. Secondly, there are practically no nerve endings, so drugs introduction process must be entirely painless in this area of the gastrointestinal tract.
injections now, you can not be afraid to
The tablet, which in the future could save physicians and patients on injections, operates very simply. When a person swallows the capsule, it enters the stomach and without harm to themselves pass through the acidic environment of the coating is resistant polymer. Once in the intestine, the capsule reveals three "wings" with millimeter needles with drug loading. Piercing the wall of the intestines, they release the drug and begin to dissolve. In general, the need for an injection in the buttocks or another part of the body is not present - enough to take a pill and wait a bit.
It looks like a capsule in expanded form
How to normalize blood sugar levels?
Researchers believe that using such a capsule can be taken completely different drugs. However, special emphasis is placed on insulin, because patients with diabetes have to enter it yourself by injection every day. Not only that, this is a very unpleasant process, so more of the numerous shots on human skin may be irritation and allergic reactions. Eating pills, all of these effects can be easily avoided.
Did you know that diabetes type II can be cured in four months? Scientists have tested the drug capsules in laboratory pigs and everything went just fine. Tablet without problems went through hostile environment of the stomach and released the drug in more benign conditions of the intestine. The researchers believe that the tiny needles do not harm human tissues and penetrate only a safe depth of the intestinal wall, and therefore do not cause any side effects.
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However, at the moment, the scientists there are other methods of normalization of blood sugar levels of diabetics. For example, in 2018 Swiss researchers have developed special capsules, which are beginning to release insulin every time a person drinks coffee. This is an alternative to daily injections too, is worthy of attention, but the idea of a needle-like capsule still seems interesting and promising. What do you think?