10 most unusual mushrooms

10 most unusual mushrooms

Mushrooms can be edible, lethal, amazingly beautiful, magical and unremarkable.

Although there are people who are well versed in the different kinds of mushrooms, many of them may have never met with these representatives, who are distinguished by their eccentric views.

Here are ten of the most unusual fungi that occur in nature:

1. Trametes versicolor

10 most unusual mushrooms

Trametes versicolor - a type of fungus that is common throughout the world and grows mainly in the trunks of dead trees, and is notable for its colorful stripes. Inedible fungus itself in the usual sense, but it is often used in traditional Chinese medicine. Recently, scientists have also found that the material in this fungus boosts immunity, and can be used as adjuvant treatment of cancer.

2. Mushroom "bleeding tooth"

10 most unusual mushrooms

Hydnellum Peck or as it is also called Mushroom "bleeding tooth" is often found in coniferous forests in the north-western parts of the Pacific and in central Europe. It is hard to miss: a bright red liquid released from the pores of the fungus, resembles some crime scene in nature. In fact, this fungus is not toxic, but deters predators and people are very bitter taste. As for the "blood", the analysis showed that the fluid contains an anticoagulant atromentin, which is similar to the properties of the natural anticoagulant heparin.

3. Mushroom "earthen asterisk"

10 most unusual mushrooms

Mushroom "earthen asterisk" or geastrum triple refers to mushrooms-slicker, which can be found in different locations and elevations throughout the world. This unusual fungus changes its appearance after emerges from the ground. Its "rays" are bent down, round fruit body is lifted and releases spores into the air. In some Indian tribes, this mushroom is known for its medicinal properties, as well as according to legend, he predicts the coming celestial phenomena.

4. False morel

10 most unusual mushrooms

False morel species Gyromitra esculenta in appearance very similar to the brain, only the dark purple or brown. These fungi are called "mushroom-steaks", as they are a delicacy when properly prepared. If you do not have the skills to prepare this fungus, such a dish can become lethal. In its raw form, these mushrooms are poisonous, and before you use it in a recipe, unless you're willing to risk, it should be gently steamed.

5. Hericium erinaceus

10 most unusual mushrooms

Hericium erinaceus, which is also called "monkey head", "bearded tooth" or "lion's mane" at first glance does not cause any association with the fungus. This edible mushroom grows both living and dead trees, and cooked resembles in color and texture of seafood.

He is not only good taste, but is also used in traditional Chinese medicine, having antioxidant properties and reducing the level of glucose in the blood.

6. Bioluminescent Mushroom

10 most unusual mushrooms

Mushroom mycena species Mycena Chlorophos - is one of 71 species of bioluminescent mushrooms that glow green.

Bioluminescent mushrooms grow in Malaysia, Indonesia, Brazil, Mexico and Puerto Rico, and have soft yellow-green glow. Bioluminescent caused material similar to that present in fireflies.

7. Mitinus dog

10 most unusual mushrooms

Mitinus dog, whose Latin name sounds like Mutinus caninus comes from the Roman phallic deity Mutinus Mutunus, meaning "like a dog". Interestingly, the dark tip mitinusa attracts insects and has a smell like cat feces. Mushrooms themselves possibly edible, but they are not recommended to use in food.

8. Coral mushroom

10 most unusual mushrooms

Coral mushroom Clavaria kind of looks like it needs to grow anywhere on the coral reef. Scientists have determined that there are about 1,200 species of fungi klavariya, which differ in different shades, from white to bright orange and purple. These mushrooms grow in many places, mainly in tropical regions and are considered inedible.

9. clathrus ruber

10 most unusual mushrooms

Clathrus ruber, according to the description of one of the researchers, looks like "an alien out of a science fiction movie." Mushroom matures in white egg-shaped body, and takes the form of a lattice ball of bright red color. In addition, a relative clathrus ruber veselok mushrooms that smell is not very pleasant, reminding a smell of rotten meat and feces.

10. Sky Blue mushroom

10 most unusual mushrooms

Sky blue mushroom species Entoloma hochstetteri inhabit the forests of New Zealand and India. These blue mushrooms may be poisonous, but their toxicity is little studied. Its distinctive blue color, he has acquired through azulinu pigment contained in the fruit body, which is also found in some marine invertebrates.