10 oldest people in history
Throughout history there have been people whose life expectancy has surpassed the most optimistic expectations.
All these people lived more than 115 years, which means that they can be called superdolgozhitelyami (people who have lived at least 110 years old). Some of them have a lifetime drinking, smoking, and some were very healthy lifestyle and everything went down in history, with its own secret to longevity.
There are a few people, such as the Japanese Shigechiyo Izumi, which by some estimates has reached 120 years and Shirali Muslimov- Azerbaijani shepherd who has attained the age of supposedly 168 years old - centenarians reached unprecedented elderly. But these cases have not been confirmed.
Here superdolgozhiteley 10, the duration of which has been verified by life.
10. Christian Mortensen (1882-1998)
Danish-American survivor Christian Mortensen, who lived 115 years, 252 days, is considered the oldest man of the registered. He was born August 16, 1882, and died April 25, 1998.
Mortenson is unusual not only because it was a man (only 9, 8 per cent of the confirmed superdolgozhiteley are men), but also because during the 95 years of his life he smoked several cigars a week. Also, most of his life he was a bachelor, which is usually a negative impact on life expectancy. But Mortenson and there was no exception to the rule, lived only 10 years of marriage.
This amazing man immigrated to America in 1903, where he worked as a tailor and a milkman. So what is the secret of longevity, in the opinion of Mortenson? "Friends, good cigars, consumption of large quantities of good water, avoiding alcohol, optimistic outlook on life and singing will provide you with a long life," - he stated.
9. Maggie Pauline Barnes (1882 -1998)
Maggie Pauline Barnes was born in slavery March 6, 1882. She died on January 19, 1998 at the age of 115 years and 319 days. While about it, little is known, one of her age speaks about the amazing life. Maggie has not only withstood the hardships of slavery in the United States, but also experienced a 11 out of 15 of their children.
She died from complications caused by infection of the small legs. Her story is all the more surprising that in the early 20th century, the average life expectancy was 47 years for members of the white Caucasians and 40-42 years for African Americans. And although the gap is increasingly shrinking, Bruns made the impossible, having lived 75 years longer than the average life expectancy.
8 Besse Cooper (1896 -)
Besse Cooper was born on August 26, 1896. Most recently, she celebrated her 116th birthday, becoming the oldest living person in the world. When asked the secret of her long life, she replied: "I do not stick my nose into other people's business" and added, "And I do not eat junk food."
Life Bessie affects three centuries, it has survived two world wars and many other historical events.
Cooper worked as a teacher at the school, and after her husband's death at the age of 68 years, she lived alone on the family farm. In 105 years, she moved to a nursing home.
7. Elizabeth Bolden (1890 - 2006)
Elizabeth Bolden lived with August 15, 1890 to December 11, 2006. At the time of death, she was 116 years, 118 days.
She was born in a family of freed slaves in the state of Tennessee in the United States, and her life was not exactly easy. Its longevity genes apparently not passed on to children and only two of the seven children of Elizabeth were alive at the time of her death. And yet, someone from her descendants may be able to set a new record of longevity. When she died, she left behind more than 500 direct descendants, including 75 prapraprapravnukov. Although the Boden said little after it experienced a stroke in 2004, she happily celebrated its 116 th anniversary, having tried two of their favorite treats: ice cream and candy.
6. Thane Ikai (1879 -1995)
At an incredible life expectancy of 116 years, 175 days, Thane Ikai is confirmed as the oldest representative in Japan, and Asia. The woman was born on January 18 1879 in a family of farmers in Kansei Japan. She married at age 20, she had 4 children, which she experienced at the time of death July 12, 1995.
Thane liked to engage in embroidery and ceramics. It feeds mainly rice porridge, which, combined with traditional Japanese food, may have helped protect them from heart disease and cancer.
An autopsy after her death showed that dolgozhitelnitsa died of renal failure. While she is the only superdolgozhitelnitsey, which conducted the autopsy.
5. Maria Capovilla (1889 - 2006)
Dolgozhitelnitsa Ecuadorian Maria Capovilla was born September 14, 1889 in the same year, when the public was presented to the Eiffel Tower. Before the age of 116 years 347 days, she became the oldest South American history, and the longest-lived man in the southern hemisphere. Capovilla died on August 27, 2006, before they reach their 117 th anniversary of a little less than a month.
She was the epitome of health and energy almost until his death, although a little drink, but never smoked. She was born in the family of Colonel and was living among the elite of Ecuador, and in 1917 married the officer, the Italian-born Antonio Capovilla.
When she was 99 years old, she suddenly fell ill and it is almost read the burial service in the Catholic Church. But she survived, and then went without a stick, read the newspapers, watched TV and distinguished good health. Three of her five children were alive at the time of her death, and they were 78, 80 and 81.
4. Marie Louise Mailer (1880 - 1998)
Mary Louise Mailer was 117 years, 230 days old when she died April 16, 1998. It is interesting that at the time of the death of one of her sons lived in the same nursing home as she and her daughter was 90 years old.
Franco-Canadian dolgozhitelnitsa was born in Quebec, Canada August 29, 1880. Her first husband died of pneumonia when she was 30 years old. After that Mailer moved to the border between Quebec and Ontario, where she met her second husband Hector Mailer.
The woman believed that her longevity was due to hard work and it is not surprising, given that she had 10 children and two marriages. Dolgozhitelnitsa also liked occasionally drink a glass of wine, and quit smoking when she was 90 years old, for 27 years before his death.
3. Lucy Hannah (1875 -1993)
Lucy Hannah never honored with the title of the oldest person in history, simply because it lived in the same time as that of Jeanne Calment, received this title.
In spite of that, Hannah lived until deep 117 years 248 days, and is the oldest African-American, and the third oldest man in history.
She was born in Alabama in the United States July 16, 1875. In 1901, she married John Hannah, and she had eight children, six of which she suffered. Two sisters Hannah lived up to 100 years old, and her mother had lived for 99 years.
2. Sarah Knauss (1880 -1999)
Sarah Knauss - the second oldest person in history. She died at the age of 97 years 119 days. This remarkable woman was born September 24, 1880 and died on December 30, 1999, before the age of 21 century, only a few days. Obviously, it does not bother Sarah. When she was told that she was the oldest person in the world, she said: "So what."
Her daughters described their mother as extremely calm, which nothing can disturb. Perhaps this was the secret and its long life, as excessive stress has a negative impact on human health. Knauss survived 7 American wars, the Great Depression and the death of her husband after 64 years of marriage. At the time of her death she was already older than the Brooklyn Bridge and the Statue of Liberty in the United States.
1. Jeanne Calment (1875 - 1997)
Jeanne Calment is the oldest ever lived on Earth people, and so far nobody has been able to beat its record in 122 years 164 days. She was born in the city of Arles in France February 21, 1875 and died on August 4, 1997. During her life she witnessed the invention of the automobile, cinema, stainless steel, television and aircraft.
Surprisingly, she even met Vincent Van Gogh when she was 13 years old, which she described as "dirty, slovenly dressed and gloomy."
Kalman, like Sarah Knauss had "immunity from stress." it also boasted a wit and on every birthday party announced its new longevity secret.
Dolgozhitelnitsa cycling and drank port up to 100 years, as well as smoked almost to death. She claimed that laughter, physical activity and a strong stomach to help her to live to old age. Her best advice was saying: "If you do nothing you can do about it, do not worry."