Human ancestors may be 10 million years older than previously thought
The old channel of the Rhine ape teeth were found living on Earth for almost 10 million years ago.
This finding is able to seriously affect the current ideas about human evolution, because our ancestors may be a few million years older than previously thought, modern science tells RT
German scientists from the Natural History Museum in Mainz published the results of last year's excavations, which can significantly change our understanding of how the antiquity of great apes, and a possible geography of their origin.
The group of archaeologists discovered a year ago in the old channel of the river Rhine two teeth of ancient hominids (the family of anthropoid primates, which include humans.) The find close to the skeletons of early Australopithecus found in Africa. During the year, work was carried out to refine the dating of the finds, and now researchers say that this teeth about 9, 7 million years. Scientists add that this is not the final result, work on the definition of a more precise date will continue. If the age of the found bone formation is confirmed, this discovery will be a real revolution.
Found teeth are most similar two African findings: Australopithecus Lucy, whose age is estimated at 3, 2 Ma and Ardipithecus Hardy, fragments skeleton wherein approx 4, 4 Ma. Excavations in the former bed of the Rhine have been conducted since 1820, and since then it has found 25 fragments of skeletons of apes. Australopithecus Lucy, a skeleton that was discovered in Africa in 1974, is the first representative found Afar Australopithecus species that are considered probable human ancestors.
Found in 2016 archaeologists teeth head group HG Luntz considers similar to known samples of the remains of Australopithecus Afar.
The news about the discovery of the press have said the sensational, for it gives the value of talk not only studies the authors, but also the local authorities. So, the mayor of the city of Mainz, where archaeologists have excavated, has already expressed his opinion: "We have to rewrite the history of mankind anew." Loud statement of the mayor and became an occasion for the publication of information in a number of German media. Behind them messages about sensational discovery has picked up and the world press.
is not the business of archaeologists
Professor of the Department of Anthropology of the Faculty of Biology Barbara Bakholdina believes that news should be taken with a certain caution, if only because the authors of the statement - the archaeologists.
"If the diagnosis is archaeological, it is not very serious. You need to work experts in the field of paleoanthropology ", - the professor explained.
In the German publication we are talking about hominids. In the modern classification, according Bakholdin, the term "hominid" is slightly different from the value that is invested until recently it. Today, a hominid apes are (not only extinct human ancestors).
"The fossil apes in Europe known: ouranopithecus, driopithecus and so on. From this point of view, if only it turns out that this is another fossil ape, it only expand the range of known fossil anthropomorphic in the territory in Europe. In this case, there is nothing sensational, "- said the expert.
According to her, if we are talking about the comparison with Ardipithecus, this finding is highly controversial and occupies a peculiar position in the hypothetical family tree of humanity. In Ardipithecus has many features that cast doubt on its finding in the general evolutionary series.
You can only expect more qualified and thorough examinations, and then it will be clear about whom there is a speech, said Bakholdina.
Skepticism about the findings in an interview with the publication of Science Alert expressed and Canadian paleoanthropologist Bence Viola. According to him, at least one tooth of the two found belongs to the family of extinct primates pliopitekovye (Pliopithecoidea), which is much farther away than the great apes, are separated from the man on the evolutionary ladder.