Inca maiden and her secrets of 500 years ago
In 1999, researchers at the joint Argentine-Peruvian expedition at an altitude of 6000 meters at the volcano llullaillaco discovered the tomb, where the bodies were buried three children: one boy and two girls. It seemed that the children were asleep, sitting in uncomfortable and cold cave.
A subsequent analysis showed that the cave was used by members of the Inca civilization and the age of the found bodies of more than 500 years.
The publication in the journal PNAS large group of experts from Europe and America represents the first results of the examination of the remains.
The death of the boy and girls 4-5 years old and another girl of 13 years came, apparently, not as a result of violence, and hypothermia. Experts are of the opinion that children have a special memory of a victim of the ritual, which wrote the Spanish chroniclers.
According to Dr. Brown, Emma (Emma Brown) from the University of Bradford, the practice of bringing children as a sacrifice was widespread among the Incas and used in different cases, such as for the perpetuation of the important events of life of the people, in the case of military victories or disasters. In addition, there was even a special calendar of rituals.
In this context, of particular interest is the body of the eldest girl, who, most likely, is the central figure in the ritual. Chemical analysis of her hair from root to tip allowed to make some impression on changes in her diet and lifestyle over the last two years of life.
So, it turned out that for the year before his death, "Lyulyaylyakskaya virgin," as it was christened professionals is much better to eat. If initially in her diet was dominated by potatoes, then later became the main food products from meat and corn.
In addition, the girl made use of large amounts of alcohol and coca leaves. the use of coca peaked at the time of six months before his death, and in the last 6 weeks of life, the amount of alcohol has risen sharply in her diet. It is noteworthy that other children do not show traces of use coca or alcoholic beverages.
The findings, say researchers, shed light on the Inca rituals and allow a more complete picture of their society.