Cows and robots
• Cows and robots
Last spring, in the Samara region began working dairy farm, where people do not milk the cows, and robots - are real. Large holding decided to acquire their own dairy production and approached the matter thoroughly.
We started with that acquired for next to nothing remains of Soviet collective farm - a few dilapidated buildings, buried in dirt and overgrown with weeds.
A typical picture is dismal agricultural country that launches a rocket into space. Here it was necessary to start a new life.
In the year and a bit next to the ruins of the collective farm built new barns - neat, practical.
There was a question where to buy cows. Russian cows for the production of good milk not suitable - yields are low, often get sick. And, as it turned out, there was nowhere to buy so many - for a whole large farm. Therefore, cows bought in Finland - excellent, healthy, strong heifers Ayrshire and Holstein. For each paid 2,500 euros. Heifers put into vans and three days have taken to Samara. So, here's the beauty with a languid look in the photo - Finnish.
The most acute was the question of personnel for the new farm. It turned out that finding in the nearest cross-country knowing nelenivyh, and, most importantly, non-drinking milkmaids - not a simple one. Therefore, we decided to buy a few milking robots - they had to be more than replace the whole staff working women of the village.
We decided and did went to Germany and brought back eight amazing machines. Cow walks into a car in the feeder is filled tasty, and the udder pulls metal arm, which with the help of cameras finds nipples (as if the cow did not twitch), puts them milking machines and the process begins. Cow eating sweets, but this time it is milking robot.
You see, it is a young cow, curious, so she does not eat sweets and treats man with a camera. The robot on the right is trying with might and main.
The hardest thing was to learn to walk the cows for milking robots themselves. The first week of each cow drove in five of the machine, as long as they are not used. Now it happens by itself - at a time when the cow wants to give people their milk, she gets up from his seat and goes to the milking.
Each cow has a unique European number, and around his neck hangs a box, which stores all the information about the animal - pedigree, when and than treated, productivity, etc. When a cow is walking along the corridor to the robot, the sensor reads the data and.. According to their milking machine.
After the milking robot memorizes the data nadoe and well-being of the cow. Each cow brings in the day from 13 to 35 liters of milk.
Now on the farm "Radna" 2000 cows, of which 900 are milked. On the day of the farm to the factory sends 12-13 tonnes of high-quality milk.
In any new business can not do without enthusiasts. Such as bones - his position on the farm called "managing the herd." Kostya literally lives his work before ten in the evening does not go away from the farm. It was said that the best experts just do not find.
With Bones connected the main reason why I actually was in the "Radna". Milking robots provided with a mobile communication means. It is in this closet a mobile band GSM transmitter with which the robots report all the necessary information not only bones, but also the coordination center in Germany. Since the wired internet in the village there is a cellular operator "MegaFon" established here more 3G base stations and provide the employee with a dairy farm SIM-card. Now with the help of cellular managing herd Kostya knows everything that happens with his cows and milking robots, no matter where he was. Information comes into his phone, but with the help of 3G farm provided Internet access.
In these refrigeration plants milk is cooled and sent for recycling.
In cows, like horses, there is a hierarchy in the herd - who, when going for milking and the place occupied in the barn. Hazing, in other words.
City resident, do you know what it is? Of course, this is salt, which so love to lick a cow.
Not far from the adults live calves. For them, here modern plastic nursery and traditional hay. Such calves of different ages on a farm of about 500.
Calves terribly curious and affectionate - rubbing his forehead on the outstretched hand, look in his eyes.
Head of the calf cheeky kotische, painted by someone in a different color. I Met, conducted in a businesslike way.
Nearby neat line of equipment, which had been prepared for the winter. Finnish cows are milked German robots, but some feed our Russian.