• Reindeer Brigade
Today we visit the reindeer team №6 specialized municipal unitary agricultural enterprise "Lenin", which is based about 40 km from Sakkyryra, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). You can get here only by winter road river Ulakhan-Sakkyryr. Snowmobile, reindeer or on cross country ... UAZ. sometimes :)
We were a caravan of 4 cars. Most of the road passes through a winter, but sometimes it comes up in the tundra.
So look-shore Ulakhan Sakkyryra.
2:00 Literally shaking and of overcoming unexpected obstacles, and we base herders.
It is worth a fixed wooden frame, a tent and a small deer enclosure (apparently, driving). The main herd roams the distance. In winter, the plague is rarely used, instead of them now put tents often. In the summer usually put the plague.
The hosts fed us from the road.
of us, a man of 20 delegations. Basically - the officials accountable to the people for their work in 2012. Report annually to every citizen of the Republic, before the reindeer as well.
Snack, put forward in the herd.
Just MUSSP "Lenin" contains 8,000 head of deer, of which 1200 in the sixth brigade. The bulk of the deer in this state enterprise, but there are also private. Ownership in other tribal communities is different - public, private and mixed.
A team is made up of families. The backbone - father, mother, two sons and two wage earners. The remaining members of the family come here periodically. Typically, a family of reindeer herders have houses and apartments in the villages. Although there are those who in the passport for registration page it says "such a Tundra."
More from afar, at the entrance to the herd visible white cloud that envelops it.
Because breathing deer temperature at 10-15 degrees warmer in the herd than the "outside". That is about -40 instead of -50.
After talking with herders, all together back to the hut. Government begins a report that looks like a friendly gatherings, but without the alcohol. We were treated to tea and venison. Discussed important matters of national importance. With a focus on the issues and problems that are specific to a particular team.
9-year-old boy is the grandson. The school is now canceled classes, t. To. The temperature is below -50. So the boy from morning till evening helps grandpa and uncles in the herd.
High fur boots! Emphasis on s.
Officials explain herders scheme more subsidies associated with the creation of a trade union. Suggest any need to collect documents and how this issue. Develop a plan to promote.
From what I saw with my modest knowledge of Yakut - koralezatsii problem was discussed among others. This Central livestock, from the word "corral" (corral). We talked about the complexity of the application of modern technologies in the microchipping Arctic ... it turns out, the scanners can not stand the cold. So while still consider manually, although the search for effective technological solutions (actual for the whole of Yakutia, and not only in this region) continues.
All the issues discussed, it is time to leave. Our police protects us, of course! By wolves. And probably in that case it is possible for the radio contact with the village.
drovnitsa and Yakut doggie. All animals are cold-resistant.
Group photo on the memory, and the return journey.
It's getting dark.
In Sakkyryr back in complete darkness. As always, not without incident. At some point the road lost under the top layer of new ice which is formed due to the sprouting of the ground under the ice sources. As a result, on the surface of the frozen river here and there there is 20-30 cm long and puddles miniozertsa. Below the main ice, top with a thin crisp. Formed such mikrozatopleniya casually and quickly covered with thin ice. Sink under him - like nothing to do, that is what happened to some of our machines. Pobuksovali a little bit wet. Maybe not so scary when confronted with on a daily basis, but for us, for urban residents it all looked quite scary. Once got out, our car broke down in the locking device in one of the doors, and we are one and a half hours by turns held her, occasionally tumbling into the street. Shaking after hoo. But ... well, all alive and well, and this is important.