The best countries for business - 2013

American Forbes on Wednesday introduced an annual ranking of the best countries for doing business. The list was headed by Ireland, in the top-3 entered last year's leader New Zealand and Hong Kong.

Russia was placed on the 91-th line, between the Philippines and Paraguay. The country has risen in the ranking by 14 positions compared to last year. However, shortage of labor, the high level of corruption and lack of infrastructure investment continues to hamper the development of the business climate in Russia.

Total Forbes analyzed the 145 countries in the world on 11 criteria that are important to business. This is the level of personal freedoms, the degree of protection of property rights and investment, price stability, the presence of barriers to exports and imports of goods and services, the level of technological development, innovation, degree of government influence on business, corruption, tax burden and the state of the stock market.

Data were collected on the basis of studies of the following organizations: Freedom House, Heritage Foundation, Property Rights Alliance, Transparency International, World Bank and World Economic Forum (WEF).

1. Ireland

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 210 billion

Position in rating criterion of taxation: 6

Position in the ranking by the level of innovation: 20

Position in the ranking of the Monetary Policy 11

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy: 12

Forbes highlighted the progress of the new leader of the rating. Just three years ago the EU and the IMF Ireland isolated loan for $ 113 billion to rescue the national economy from the fiscal crisis and prevent the collapse of the banking system. The State had to go through the bubble burst the real estate market (housing prices are still 50% lower than in pre-crisis 2007). However, despite all the difficulties, the Irish government has not rolled out of the way most favorable to entrepreneurs. Flexible tax system attracts the local economy of large investors, including global giants Google level and Starbucks. Ireland is the only part of the participants rating the first 15% of all 11 research criteria.

According to US authorities, US companies have invested in the Irish economy $ 129, 5 billion in the period 2008-2012. - more than in the previous 58 years combined. The country has become the fourth most popular investment jurisdiction from overseas investors, the attractiveness of surpassing even the "Asian tigers".

Dublin especially fond of technological corporations - except for Google, its European head-office is housed LinkedIn, Twitter and Facebook.

Ironically, in many respects cleansing effect on the Irish business climate has had a crisis. Cheapened labor (wages fell by 17% in 2008-2011.), While maintaining a high level of unemployment (12, 8%), which allows companies to not strive to improve salaries. Over thousands of foreign legal entities, which started work in Ireland in recent years, we have hired a total 150 000 people (working-age population in Ireland - 1, 9 million people).

2. New Zealand

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 170 billion

Position in rating criterion of taxation 21

Position in the ranking by the level of innovation: 25

Position in the ranking of the Monetary Policy 9

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy: 1

The volume of the New Zealand economy - $ 170 billion - the smallest figure among the top 10 ranking, but the country demonstrates some of the highest GDP growth rates - more than 2, 5% in the past year. The state leader from 4 out of 11 criteria, including the most important freedom of the individual and protection of investments. A low level of corruption and a weak intervention of the state apparatus in the economy - long trumps Wellington to fight for entrepreneurs.

3. Hong Kong

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 263 billion

Position in rating criterion of taxation: 4

Position in the ranking by the level of innovation: 23

Position in the ranking of the monetary policy: 12

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy: 5

Hong Kong takes the "bronze" Forbes rankings for the third year in a row, despite the slowdown in the national economy. Last year, the GDP of one of the world's leading financial centers grew by only 1, 4%, while in 2011 this figure was 5%. The strongest side of Hong Kong (for each of these criteria, the country is in the top 5 of all 145 members of the list) - the protection of investments, free trade, taxation, non-interference in the economy.

4. Denmark

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 314 billion

Position in rating criterion of taxation 11

Position in the ranking by the level of innovation 11

Position in the ranking of the monetary policy: 27

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy: 35

Denmark ahead of the Scandinavian neighbors in the ranking in 2013 due to high positions in almost all study criteria. The country was hit by the global crisis, reducing GDP growth and difficult to cope with an increase in unemployment to an average of 6% in 2010-2012. However, the national economy continues to be one of the healthiest in Europe, with a relatively low level of debt and the ability to pursue an independent monetary policy, being unrelated to the single currency of the euro zone problem countries.

5. Sweden

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 526 billion

Position in rating criterion of taxation: 36 Position in the ranking by the level of innovation 6

Position in the ranking of the monetary policy: 12

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy: 52

Sweden has always favored its business investment climate and clear rules of the game. From a lot of trouble to save the citizens, in 2003, voted against joining the euro zone. Despite this, the crisis has hurt the local economy, which is why Mural GDP slowed in recent years. In 2012, the government adopted a new package of incentives to accelerate the pace of leveling effects of the global recession and combat unemployment.

6. Finland

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 250 billion

Position in rating criterion of taxation 19

Position in the ranking by the level of innovation: 1

Position in the ranking of the monetary policy: 36

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy: 48

Finland is known as one of the most comfortable countries for business, and only a few crisis has weakened its position in the global rankings, largely because of membership in the club of the eurozone. However, in comparison with problematic colleagues Monetary Union Helsinki in recession relatively well. In 2013, the government's main task will be to promote economic growth and tackling the gradual aging of the population at the lack of progress in labor productivity.

7. Singapore

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 277 billion

Position in rating criterion of taxation: 5

Position in the ranking by the level of innovation 9

Position in the ranking of the monetary policy: 14

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy: 3 The leading economies of the Asia-Pacific region, Singapore is in demand by investors "safe haven" with simple and understandable to the business rules of the game. However, the overall GDP growth is unlikely to meet government - after the post-crisis "rebound" in 2010-m by 14, 8% in the next two years, GDP grew by 5, 2%, and 1, 3%, respectively. Nevertheless, Singapore is still - one of the world's major business centers, especially the familiar pharmaceutical and medical business.

8. Canada

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 1, 8 trillion

Position in rating criterion of taxation: 8

Position in the ranking by the level of innovation: 21

Position in the ranking of the monetary policy: 77

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy 2

The largest in the top 10 rankings in terms of the economy, Canada still manages to be one of the most friendly countries for business. Low-regulation and light taxes are the strengths of the state, and GDP growth facilitated by the rapid development of the local "oil industry": the proven reserves of "black gold" Canada today is behind only Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.

9. Norway

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 501 billion

Position in rating criterion of taxation 16

Position in the ranking by the level of innovation 12

Position in the ranking of the monetary policy: 60

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy: 46

The third representative of Scandinavia in the top-10, Norway, in contrast to neighboring countries, provides investors with a positive business environment with a strong economic foundation in the form of the commodity sector. In 2010-2012, the national economy has returned to a consistent growth, although the government and resentment is stored pace of post-crisis recovery.

10. Netherlands

The best countries for business - 2013

of GDP for the year: $ 773 billion

Position in rating criterion of taxation: 26

Position in the ranking by the level of innovation: 10

Position in the ranking of the monetary policy: 20

Position in the ranking of state intervention in the economy: 14

Sixth in terms of GDP of the eurozone countries could not remain aloof from the problems of monetary union: hit many of the leading sectors of the national economy, from food production to refining and Chemical Industry. Anti-crisis measures of the government of Mark Rutte enable Amsterdam to maintain a low level of unemployment (6, 8%), but the return to GDP growth because of falling tax revenue the state is not yet possible.