History channel Cuetskogo
• Cuetskogo History Channel
November 17, 1869 the Suez Canal was opened to shipping. The history of the largest man-made canal in the world in pictures.
In the first photo the moment of passing the heavy nuclear missile cruiser of the third generation of "Peter the Great" Suez Canal
The Suez Canal, the notional boundary between the African and Eurasian continents, connects the Mediterranean and Red Sea.
Thomas Kerr Lynch, "A visit to the Suez Canal"
Construction of the Suez Canal began in 1858, when a French diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps, close to the Viceroy of Egypt Muhammad Said Pasha, received from him the concession for the construction. For the construction was founded Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez (Universal Company of the Suez Maritime Canal), in which a controlling stake was owned France and minority - Egypt
The first ships through the Suez Canal.
channel, greatly reduce the way from Europe to Asia, it has become popular since the first days and has been very successful commercially. His discovery has raised the interest of Europeans in the Middle East
The first attempts to channel everything taken before our era, but the construction and then being abandoned. In the VIII century, the Caliph Mansur ordered the destruction of the channel to focus the trade routes in the territory of the Caliphate
The construction of the Suez Canal went on for more than ten years. Workers, the Egyptians of the poor, had to forced labor under the scorching sun in the desert, without having to plenty of fresh water. Much time was spent on the construction of the only freshwater canal from the Nile, which was supposed to supply the workers with water. Channel built on 60 thousand. Egyptians in the month, many of them died because of intolerable working conditions and epidemics
United Kingdom opposed the construction of the Suez Canal - it controlled the sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope and fear competition
But soon the money allocated for the construction of the Suez Canal, ended. Ismail Pasha, who replaced Said Pasha, sold his share of the UK and Egypt lost control of the channel, having lost and future profits. "Universal Company of the Suez Canal" was the Anglo-French
In 1869, the canal was opened to navigation. Joyful event in Egypt celebrated the week. The Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi specially for the opening had to write the opera "Aida", but did not finish it
In 1956, the channel was partially destroyed during the Suez crisis that began after the Egyptian authorities decided to nationalize the Suez Canal. Britain, France and Israel together waged war against Egypt. Shipping was halted for almost a year, until the conflict is not interfered with the UN
The conflict between Egypt and Israel escalated earlier, after the latter assumed the Palestinian territories, intended for Arab settlements. The UN Security Council demanded that Egypt open the channel for navigation, but he refused
As a result of joint military operations of the three countries under Israeli control was almost the entire Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip. Israeli Prime Minister Ben-Gurion even hinted at annexing Sinai
Under pressure from the international community, the United Kingdom and France withdrew its troops from Egypt in December 1956, Israel withdrew from Egyptian territory in March 1957
Next Arab-Israeli conflict began in 1973 with the attack of the Egyptian and Syrian forces on Israel. Military intervention began during the most important Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur. Due to the sudden impact of the first time the advantage was on the side of the attackers, but soon the advantage was on the side of Israel, and then followed by a UN resolution on ceasefire
The Suez Canal was opened for use in 1975, after having been demined by US forces
According to the Constantinople Convention of 1888, the channel must be "always free and open to all commercial and military aircraft without distinction of flag", even though the time of war or peace. The Egyptian government declaration on April 24, 1957 announced that it would "comply with the terms and spirit of the Constantinople Convention of 1888" and that "derive from it rights and obligations remain the same", but Egypt repeatedly refused to ships of different countries pass through the channel
The famous Statue of Liberty was originally planned to be installed in Port Said, a city at the end of the Suez Canal, and call it the Light of Asia, but the Egyptian authorities decided that its transportation from France would be too expensive
August 28, 2009 in the Red Sea near the entrance to the Suez Canal, which split in two, sank a Panamanian oil tanker. The ship should have the repair work and was empty. At sea, were only 60 tonnes of fuel, one of the sailors was hurt.
The Suez Canal - one of the main articles of the Egyptian budget. The country earns on transit fees
The length of the Suez Canal is about 190 km and its width at the deepest spot - 200 m to fully pass through the channel, the ship will take about 14 hours.. On the day of about 50 ships pass through it. Approximately 10% of the world's maritime traffic through the Suez, the world's largest man-made channel
Since 1981, Suez has a road tunnel. In 2005, the city of Port Said and Ismailia connected by a bridge, which was named in honor of the current president Hosni Mubarak. After the overthrow of the head of state, he no longer bears this name.