The main reasons for freediving is the coolest sport in the world
The mere idea to dive to the bottom of the sea without proper equipment can lead to the horror of many people. But for other freediving - not just a sport, it's a lifestyle.
Freediving for several thousands of years mankind sign
It is believed that free diving is known to people for almost 7,000 years. The earliest historical evidence of this fact have been found in Denmark and Sweden. Divers ancient dived mainly in order to gather shellfish from the bottom of the seas. Ancient Persians risk life and limb trying to find as many pearls. But the Romans were even specialized military divers unit. Ama - Japanese diver, has been 2000 years committed to collect pearls from the sea bed, food and algae.
The modern freediving appeared thanks to bet
In the second half of the twentieth century interest in freediving has increased significantly due to the stories of two men. In 1913, the Italian ship La Regina Margherita lost anchor off the coast of Greece. Who found and raised him from the bottom of the remuneration offered to serious. Local diver Huggy statte (Haggi Statti) agreed to try his luck and dive to a depth of just over 75 meters, was able to get an anchor. Many thought this story fiction, because it was thought impossible to survive at such depths. The second story took place in 1949, when Raimondo Bucher (Raimondo Bucher), lieutenant of the Italian Air Force, on the dispute dived to a depth of 30 meters, thus winning the 50,000 pounds. When the event was attended by several people, so his record was recognized. These events later spawned a new wave of interest in freediving, after which he was counted among the ranks of the official sports.
Freediving - international sport
is regulated and controlled in every way this sport is the International Association for the development of Apnea (AIDA). Competition in most disciplines in freediving are usually held in the open sea, where divers have to compete against each other deep dives.
There is a huge variety of subjects In the world of freediving
In the world there are so many disciplines in freediving, in which the competition is held in two categories: men and women. The very same freediving is divided into two types: free diving in the pool and in open water. The most remarkable records in the sport have been put in the category of static apnea (in the pool), the athlete must be stationary and try to hold your breath for as long as possible. The current record in this discipline is Branko Petrovic, which could hold his breath for more than 11 minutes and 54 seconds. The second discipline - it's free diving without limitation, this kind of competition is carried out in the sea. Here it is allowed to use any device for maximum immersion. Divers descend down on the carriage, and float using air-filled balloon. This discipline - one of the most dangerous, since the diver reaches the limit for human survival. The record-holder in this discipline is Austrian Herbert Nitsch (Herbert Nitsch), who was able to dive in 2007 to a depth of 214 meters.
Freediving - a top aide to scientists
Freediving is often used in scientific research and wildlife photography. Immersion in water diving is usually accompanied by a multitude of air bubbles that repel all living creatures. Freediving also allows divers to dive as much as possible and silently get valuable footage.
It is based on reflexes, which each of us possesses
Freediving in great depth in many respects became possible due to the reflex, in varying degrees, developed in most mammals. Usually, when our person comes to cold water, the heart rate begins to slow. Frequency human heart contractions normally reduced by 25%. Rarest pulse registered at freediver was 14 beats per minute, which is one third less than that of the person who is in a coma.
the diver's buoyancy decreases as the immersion
Typically, the buoyancy of the body is not in doubt. This is because the human body density is much less than the density of water. However, when running on a decent depth, we lose this great bonus. As the pressure increases, and body density increases. At a depth of between 7, 5 and 12 meters, our bodies have neutral buoyancy, where the density of the body is equal to the density of water. Plunged even deeper, you feel like starting to sink.
This is the second in the world among the most dangerous sports
It is believed that only superior BASE Jumping freediving dangers for life. Although only one diver (Nikola Mevoli) died during the competition, most divers are killed by another stage of training. It is believed that of the 10 000 active free divers in the US for the year killed 20 (one in 500). For comparison, among beysdzhamperov the figure is 1 in 60, and for climbers - 1 to 1 million.
Freedivers not suffer from decompression
Despite the fact that the free divers often dive much deeper conventional scuba divers, they do not suffer from decompression sickness. This disease usually occurs due to the fact that divers breathing compressed air at different depths, which provokes a huge difference in pressure. Freedivers is usually immersed in the same breath, but the entire process they take only a few minutes.
Freediving at one time was declared as one of the disciplines at the Olympic Games
At the moment, freediving is not included in the list of Olympic sports because of their high risk for life and some of the problems associated with logistics. However, at the Olympics in Paris in 1900, the sport (though not in quite the usual form it) still flashed the audience. Then in the competition in diving defeated Frenchman Charles Devendevil (Charles Devendeville), who swam 60 meters under water for 1 minute and 8 seconds.