10 interesting facts about Shakespeare
• 10 interesting facts about Shakespeare
The great English poet and playwright William Shakespeare is one of the most quoted authors. In his work written operas, ballets, staged performances and filmmaking. But this man's life is shrouded in riddles. April 23 marked the 450 th anniversary of the birth of genius Ballroom 10 interesting facts about the identity of William Shakespeare.
It is still unknown exactly when Shakespeare was born. The official date adopted on 23 April. It is noteworthy that the genius died on the same day. April 26 he was baptized by the name of Will SHaksper. He was the son of a simple uneducated traders gloves. His adult life started as an apprentice butcher, and then, after leaving his native Stratford, excelled in commerce and became a shareholder in the theater. In short, was the man in the street, did not look like a genius of world literature, has left a rich legacy.
Classic has a truly encyclopedic knowledge of his time: he perfectly knew not only English history, but the most important processes in the European countries that had knowledge in ancient philosophy, law, judge of navigation, the intricacies of international diplomacy, medicine, several foreign languages , including Latin, Greek, French, Italian, Spanish. Playwright well versed in politics, music and botany (researchers counted 63 names of plants in his works) had skills of naval affairs, was an expert in entertainment nobles of the time, such as falconry and bear baiting. Maybe he traveled a lot, but no source has confirmed that Stratford SHaksper ever went further in London.
The historians argue that Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway before his beloved 18 years old. They had three children together - two daughters and a son, who died at 11 years of age. Anne on the gravestone carved that she died at the age of 67 in 1623, meaning it was older than the wife for eight years. But, if it is assumed because of the similarity of the mark and the numbers 1, 7, Anne Hathaway died at the age of 61 years, it still it was over, William ... 2 years. About predisposition to older women suggests some of Shakespeare's sonnets, addressed to a married lady. Rod Shakespeare interrupted in the XVII century. His only granddaughter was childless.
Although the marriage of Shakespeare and the presence of children, creativity, researchers put forward different opinions about his sexual orientation, expressing suggestions about his attraction to men, citing some of his plays, as well as the fact that Shakespeare is a long time resident in London , while the wife and children were in Stratford. The best friend of the playwright capital Risley was Henry, third Earl of Southampton, who had a habit of wearing women's clothes and enjoy everyday makeup.
The Secret is William and religion. Some researchers believe that he and his family were Catholics, but in Shakespeare's time the religion was banned.
William Shakespeare left to posterity 38 plays, 4 poems, 154 sonnets, 3 epitaph. All his works have been translated into many languages and have had a significant impact on the development of world literature. A language helped shape modern English, enriching it with juicy phraseology.
In the field of theater Shakespeare worked initially as caretaker, then he was an actor, theatrical producer, earned a fortune on their activities, later becoming a usurer, a brewer and landlord.
It is noteworthy that the will of Shakespeare, carefully listing all household items, up to spoons and forks do not indicate to whom he gives his literary legacy. Besides this document, did not survive a manuscript belonging to the author.
Modern graphologists, having studied under the signature of "last will", concluded that he was not used to holding a pen in his hand. Other researchers argue that the trembling handwriting points to Shakespeare's disease.
These facts gave rise to a number of hypotheses, which, under the name of Shakespeare lies a completely different historical person. As the authors called Earl of Oxford Edward de Vere, stopped publishing in 1593-m, while Shakespeare declared itself in 1594-m. Pseudonym "Shakespeare" was chosen not by chance. On the family coat of arms of de Verov depicts a knight with a spear in his hand, and the literal translation of Shake-speares - "stunning spear."
Almost all of Shakespeare's plays - brilliant parody of court manners, so hiding behind a pseudonym, Count could do and more. In addition, Edward de Vere could not publicly declare himself a playwright: in those days, writing for the people was not a person for aristocrats. He died in 1604, do not know where his grave is, the researchers say, that his works continue to be published under the name of the family to the 1616-th (just this year and died Shakespeare). In 1975, the Britannica has confirmed this hypothesis, saying: "Edward de Vere is the most likely candidate for the authorship of Shakespeare's plays."
Also, as the alleged author calls and philosopher Francis Bacon and poet Christopher Marlowe and even Queen Elizabeth herself I.
The monument, erected in Stratford in 1623-m, contains an inscription in Latin: "The judgments Pilossets, the genius of Socrates, the art of Maron. The earth covers him, the people crying about it, Olympus has it. "