The biggest failures of the Russian car industry
Rating of domestic cars, which over the past quarter century and has not taken its place in our market. Some models are ruining unviable construction, others - an uncompetitive price, and others - both ... The most annoying when it would seem, quite a decent car just there at the wrong time. And such examples in recent decades, too, it was done. However, and losers models have left their mark on history.
Restructuring XIX Party Conference of the CPSU. It was her first time delegates showed this car - the new flagship of Soviet automobile industry. ZIL's engineers and designers have produced two revolutionary prototypes to the factory with a monocoque body and independent suspension. The units, however, remained the same. At the factory the machine called the leader of the country's name and the first lady - "Gorbachev" and "Raisa". The time for such a project proved most inconvenient - the country has had other problems.
Instead of innocent victims in the fight against the privileges of "The Seagull" GAZ proposed a new executive car with a lot of fresh for GAZ and the industry-wide solutions. Motor V8 of 3, 4 l of the carburetor or fuel injection developed about 170 liters. a., provided an automatic transmission, and even four-wheel drive. The body looked quite modern. The car for several years produced, in fact, the piece, for ordinary consumers it was prohibitively expensive. And those who do not buy on their already tasted imported models, the price is quite comparable to the GAZ-3105. Today machines are interested collectors.
"Avtocom Ranger", 1990
Magic words "joint venture" - one of hope for an ambulance, but the fundamental restructuring of Soviet industry. A little-known British firm FSV with even less known association "Autocom" undertook to build tractor factory in unfinished production Yelabuga utilitarian car with a body made of plastic in the space frame and the units "Ford". Small-scale machines with imported components were expectedly expensive, especially considering the runaway inflation. In Yelabuga collected fifty "Rangers", then tried to expand production in Mendeleevsk and Perm. But also domestic motors project is not saved. Circulation "Rangers" was scanty. It's a pity. Maybe, if the project is a success, you could download CS 1.6 and see where this popular Soviet SUV. But, alas, he was left without glory.
"Chevrolet BLAZER" 1994
Company "Gee Em" came to the long-suffering factory in Yelabuga with the Brazilian version of the American off-road vehicle. Russians suggested posterior and AWD versions four and six cylinder engines capacity of 106 and 180 liters. from. respectively. "Cheap" "Blazer" was worth 22 thousand dollars, my dear - 39 500. For the money you can buy a very decent second-hand imported coupe or three or four "Niva". Market position, "Blazer" worsened associated with defects of one of the trucks scandal that firm clumsily brought through the press to the public. For a couple of years, we released only 3780 cars.
IL-2126 4 * 4 1994
All-wheel drive "Ode" appeared in the early 1990s through the efforts of Izhevsk masters of tuning. On prototypes tried motors VAZ, UZAM followed by "Hyundai". Created with even a variation of an independent rear suspension. Over time, these works became interested in the plant, and at the turn of the 2000s, even started small-scale production of the simplest version, "Izh 2126 4 * 4" - with a domestic engine and beam axle at the rear. It would seem that the dream of the domestic consumer! Here it is, an inexpensive all-wheel drive car with a five-door body. But the demand for obsolete and unreliable "Izhi" plummeted. Competitors were advancing on a broad front, and save the mark could not even wheel drive car.
AZLK-2142R5 "Ivan Kalita", 1998
Leaders of the Moscow factory in the second half of 1990 has made every effort to ruin a roomy, well-controlled, low-cost "Moskvich-2141". Important role in this played elongated (and then, and vice versa - trimmed) version, do not need any official who addressed them, much less the usual buyers. At the top of the stairs to nowhere was extra-long "Ivan Kalita" with motor "Reno" grille in the style of Soviet elektrosamovara and lurid light interior. Promise to start production of mass-produced four-wheel drive vehicles were made final sad anecdote about who is longer in parrots.
One of the most promising projects of the late 1990s. It had hoped and factory workers, and fans of the brand. An entirely new body, notably reworked suspension, vpryskovyh ZMZ engines in the future - diesel. Simultaneously, incidentally, shown front-wheel drive and samples GAZ-3103 and -3104. "Volga" GAZ-3111 even began to produce small series. But the car was a lot of defects. State structures concerned to novelty with suspicion. In addition, the money that was asked for "Volga", you could buy quite a decent imported car, even smaller sizes. That makes ordinary consumers.
Built on the ruins of the Soviet Minavtoproma "ASM-Holding" in the search for employment advertised the people's car, which, according to the assurances of the ideologues of the model can be assembled in a small plant and almost in garages. As we have done with a sample of matter vykleennym fiberglass body on space frame and standard units of "Oka". Until a few years on the exhibition shows prototypes, overgrown for motors "Tavria", including the landau, and even pick a gasoline version with motor-wheels. But soon the talk of a new miracle of the domestic auto industry ceased.
Another frustrated people's car. Creation Kineshma plant "Avtoagregat" was equipped with a primitive body, motorcycle engines in 11-13 liters. from. (Russian and American, mainly used in lawn mowers), transmission with sequential shift. Chariot that barely developed 50 km / h, addressed to a wealthy citizens and people with disabilities (they have, unfortunately, are people too poor). But even announced the price of a thousand dollars did not cause any excitement. They said that several cars sold in Spain to carry boxes of tangerines from the plantation to the truck. This episode became the most prominent in the life of "Kineshma".
"Chevrolet Viva", 2003
Inexpensive foreign car Russian manufacture with the distinguished name, 1, 8-liter engine of 125 l. from. and good configuration. It seems that this eagerly awaited by consumers. Ready for production in Togliatti "Opel Astra", taken from the production in Germany, the leadership of "Ji-AVTOVAZ" promise Competitive price. In actual fact the price was like a more modern models of the same class. Production continued for several years, but in miniscule amounts. Not saved, and "Viva Adrenaline" with bodywork thresholds fashionable wheels and spoilers. All built around 3500 copies. But the car was a really good ...
"Fiat Albea", 2007
This model is also collected in Yelabuga. Sedan with 77 horsepower engine of 1, 4 L was stripped notable disadvantages - for that matter, and advantages. At its closest competitors for the same price still seems to be the same, but as a rule, a little better. It said probably and distrust in the brand, whose past serious attitude to our market to create a normal stop service network.
Like "Chevrolet Viva", the car is quite decent, though rather small for its class. There was even a variant with the motor 2, and 4 L of "automatic". But the lure of officials of national emblem was impossible. The rest are mostly preferred embodiment gazovskih "Chrysler Sebring" more modern model, though not as impressive in appearance. Life unpopular car extended the recycling program and related discounts, but - for a while.
"TAGAZ Vega", 2009
Loudly presented a car with a quite decent facilities and a 124-horsepower engine, remember, very good performance at the first test. And the credibility of the Taganrog Automobile Plant, produces popular sedan "Hyundai", were the buyers. But shortly after the start of production TagAz accused of unauthorized copying "Chevrolet Lacetti". The scandal died down, but the model no longer do.