25 books, is not to predict the future
Man is by nature curious and likes different kinds of predictions, especially if they are optimistic. And not only psychics, mediums and fortune tellers are able to look into the future and anticipate events. This ability to have many writers, whose books often describe things unknown in their time.
We present our 25 books, which put forward the bold and, most importantly, correct guesses about the future technologies and developments.
Mars has two natural satellites
The presence of the satellites of Mars predicted Jonathan Swift in 1735
This amazingly accurate guess can be found in the book "Gulliver's Travels, written by Jonathan Swift in 1735. Only 142 years later, in 1872 the Red Planet's moons - Phobos and Deimos - were discovered by astronomers.
Solar sail (IKAROS) after 145 years after the inception of the idea
In 1865, in the science-fiction novel "From the Earth to the Moon" by Jules Verne put forward the idea of solar sails. This bold conjecture was embodied through 145 years, when the first solar sail (IKAROS) was used.
Electric submarines described by Jules Verne
In the book "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea" (1870), all of the same amazing Verne submarine "Nautilus" runs on electricity. Real submarine with an electric motor appeared after 90 years - 60 years of the twentieth century.
The advent of credit cards had been predicted in 62 years before their invention
Edward Bellamy predicted the emergence of credit cards in his fantastic work "look back" in 62 years before their invention, which occurred in 1962.
Smoke trail as advertising
And again we return to the Jules Verne. Visionary writer suggested the idea of aerial advertising when the label is drawn with an airplane in the air by the smoke trail. I guess it was suggested in the story, written in 1889. I realized it soon enough - in 1915 at the air show in San Francisco
Automatic Sliding Door
Automatic sliding doors HG Wells after 60 years
Another great science fiction writer HG Wells predicted the emergence of automatic sliding doors in the novel "The Sleeper Awakes" (1899). This type of door was invented over 60 years.
"The land battleships" of the
And in a few years, Wells wrote a story called "The land battleships" (1903), which described the tanks. 13 years later, these war machines appeared on the fields of the First World War battlefields ...
Lie detectors are first mentioned in literature in 1910
In fiction the first mention of a polygraph can be found in the work of E. and W. Ballmer Makhagena "Luther Trent" ( "The Achievements of Luther Trant", 1910). The first application of a real polygraph occurred in 1924.
Solar energy for the benefit of humanity
In 1911, Hugo Gernsback began publishing his novel "Ralph 124C 41+" (in the list of books with the strange names of this work, too, can take its rightful place) in the journal "Modern Electrics". One of the technical predictions concerned the use of solar energy for the benefit of mankind. It took 67 years - and in 1978 appeared the first calculators that recharged the energy of our star.
The atomic bomb
The invention of the atomic bomb and nuclear war were in 1914 Gelbertom Description Wells
One of the most dire predictions made by HG Wells, and which, unfortunately, has become a reality - the invention of the atomic bomb and nuclear war, described in the book "Liberated World" (1914). A little over three decades and the atomic bombs dropped on the Japanese cities. By the way, in the same novel, science fiction English spoke about the cheap nuclear energy.
Voice mail - a service for those who do not want to strain your eyes, by HG Wells
Slightly longer time - about 57 years it took for the prediction of Wells on the use of voice mail (the novel "Men Like Gods"). Dissemination of this technical innovation has received since 1980.
J.. BS Haldane first suggested the idea of artificial insemination
J.. BS Haldane became famous as a brilliant popularizer of science and a prominent scientist. In one of his books, "Daedalus, or Science and the Future" (1924), along with other interesting conjectures, he suggested artificial insemination. The first successful "Conception in vitro" was held after more than five decades, in 1973.
More Aldous Huxley gave a vivid description of genetic engineering
In his famous anti-utopia "Brave New World" by Aldous Huxley gave a vivid description of genetic engineering. Level, described in the book, today's science has not yet reached, although the first genetic manipulation began in 1972.
Total control of
"Big Brother sees you"
A very impressive picture of total state control over its citizens painted by George Orwell in his book "1984", written in 1948. And recently, in 2013, was a scandal associated with the NSA spying, bugging phones that many American and foreign citizens.
Headphones type "drop"
Ray Bradbury was ahead of Apple's 50 years
A description of this type of miniature headphones can be read on the pages of the novel of Ray Bradbury's "Fahrenheit 451", published in 1950. Music fans had to wait a little more than half a century, until the company "Apple" has launched the first of this type of headphones.
Arthur C. Clarke suggested the appearance of satellites in 1951
In "Space Odyssey 2001" (1951) is an American science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke predicted the emergence of artificial orbit communications satellites of the Earth. We had to wait for long - already in 1965 the first such satellite was launched.
Virutalnaya reality - guess visionary Arthur C. Clarke
Five years later, Clark wrote, "The City and the Stars", which refers to video games in virtual reality. In 1966, that is only 10 years later, the first simulator was designed, bring to life the science fiction genius guess.
In the book 1961 "Stranger in a Strange Land" for the first time is a description of a waterbed
He distinguished himself in the field of predictions and other famous science fiction - Robert A. Heinlein. In the book 1961 "Stranger in a Strange Land" is a description of a waterbed, and the first patent was granted to them in 1971.
A little bit more, and space tourism picks up the pace
The idea of space travel for tourism purposes has been suggested by the same Clarke's novel "Moon dust", and its practice for the first time realized Dennis Tito - the first space tourist.
The European Union
The European Union was formalized in 1993
In the book of John Brunner, "all stand in Zanzibar" (1969) can be found mention of the European Union, which was formalized in 1993.
Tech prostheses in the XXI century
Martin Kaydin expressed this idea in the pages of the "Cyborg" (1972). '41 later, in 2013, the first bionic leg prosthesis was created.
From "Babel Fish" by Douglas Adams 1980 to "the Google" Apps in 2014
In a humorous work of Douglas Adams' "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy" (1980) featured "Babel Fish" that can translate from one language to another in real time. In 2014, the "Google" introduced a translation function in real time in your application.
The World Network
World Wide Web is already the world ohvalila
The founder of the genre of cyberpunk, William Gibson in his novel "Neuromancer," predicted the emergence of cyberspace and hacking. In the early 90's World Wide Web, or simply the Internet, launched its web cover the earth, drawing into its virtual network more and more PC users.
The best chess player will beat the computer in people until 2000.
Today, the match between the person and the computer loses all sense of sports Such forecast was made by Raymond Kurzweil in his book "The Age of Intelligent Machines," published in 1990, when the chess computers were still rather weak and almost no problems grandmasters played upon. However, after only 7 years old supercomputer Deep Blue beat Garry Kasparov - the strongest chess player of the world. Today, chess programs are so strong that the match between the person and the computer loses all the sports sense.
The lunar module will be launched in Florida, and returned to Earth, splashed down in the ocean
Landing astronauts on the ocean predicted Jules Verne's novel "From the Earth to the Moon" (1865)
Over 104 years before the flight of "Apollo 11" to the moon that's how it was described in the novel by Jules Verne's "From the Earth to the Moon" (1865). The same scenario took everything and in reality - a team of American astronauts, led by Neil Armstrong in a special module splashed down and was soon picked up the aircraft carrier "Hornett".