Skhodnenskaya hydro power plants with a height
• Skhodnenskaya hydro power plants with a height of
Skhodnenskaya hydroelectric - hydroelectric power station as part of the Moscow Canal in the north-west of Moscow. It was built in 1939 to the derivation scheme, using the height difference between the Khimki reservoir and the river are similar.
hydroelectric power - 30 MW and average annual output - 30 million kWh. The power plant building 2 installed Angular axial hydroelectric power of 15 mW, rated operating at a head of 35 5 m. Pressure HPP structures form Khimkinskoye reservoir area of 4 square kilometers, complete and useful volume of 29, 0 and 6, 7 million cubic meters.
The main source of water for the pressure reservoir are five pumping stations in the total capacity of the channel 101 MW and consumption of 350 million kilowatt-hours of electricity per year with an average daily rate of about 72 m³ / s. In fact, power plant with pumping stations is a pumped storage complex - emergency and peak reserve capacity in the Moscow energy system.
Skhodnenskiy diversion channel lengths of 2, 4 kilometers. The main purpose of the channel is reset (lead - hence the name) of excess water entering the city limits of the Volga River through the Canal. Moscow, from shipping № gateways 7 and 8 at the Protection-Streshnevo and № 9 to Mnovnikah.
After Skhodnenskiy hydropower plant in the Moscow River, about 80% is thrown watering flow (another 20% - through the navigation locks). A feature of HPP were wooden pressure pipelines of large diameter (5 m).
In 1974, the pipes have been replaced, but by the early 2000s. they again came into complete disrepair, threatening its destruction and stop the flow of water in the Moscow River, which threatened to seriously disrupt the water supply in Moscow. In 2005, one of the two pipelines were replaced by metal in 2006 was replaced by the second.
Power plant - 30 MW, and the power of the five pumping stations that pump water into the Moscow River - 101 ...
On the left the building of the hydrodynamic test stations NIS "Hydroproject". Now all the equipment is dismantled, a supply line cut into the metal.
On this Panarama I noticed an interesting object - a round concrete cask. Wikimapia she signed on as a "concrete dome of a nuclear reactor." Does anyone know the details?
Few people know, but in Moscow there are five hydroelectric power stations, three of which are in working condition. Skhodnenskaya - the most powerful of them. Still is - Karamyshevskaya Perervinsky HPP and HPP. The most low-power - as part Rublevskoe waterworks was decommissioned as a fifth - hydrodynamic testing station or pilot small hydropower plant NIIES (Research Institute of Energy Structures), was used to test prototypes of hydraulic turbines.
Derivational station type for the plain is completely tepichnym but Skhodnenskaya HPP built precisely for this type.
She has a rare type of cost for lowland hydroelectric stations - Francis. Even those equipped Volkhov hydroelectric station, but there is a forced decision, when it was designed, Kaplan turbines have not yet been invented.
The test station of the Moscow Machine-Building Enterprise them. VV Chernyshev. Black stalkerovskie pieces - a set of testing aircraft engines RD-33 and its modifications for the MiG-29 aircraft.
In the 70s the plant stole residents Tushino whole street - Skhodnenskiy. Then West Bridge has become a dead end and lost its transport function. As far as I know attempts to return back to the street, but the plant it does not want to listen to. Its ease of enterprises above the convenience of a few districts, which stand in traffic jams on the loose.