How much spent on the Russian tsars and emperors
Today in the news every now and then glimpses of Russian officials to watch for a few hundred thousand euros, with apartments of several million euros and other attributes of luxury living. However, as it turns out, this tradition is not new. In this collection are some facts about how much money to spend on themselves kings and emperors of the Russian Empire. You will be surprised these figures.
Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov - the second Russian tsar of the Romanov dynasty, was a great lover of falconry. In the first two years of the reign of the young monarch mostly just her and engaged. On the royal falcon yards while at least 3 thousand falcons. We are watching all this good falconer, of which the state had about 100 people of various ranks, with a salary of 6 to 60 rubles a year. The average salary at the time was 3 pennies a day.
The total content falcon yards evaded treasury 75 thousand rubles per year. After so many years accurately translate them into modern expression is almost impossible. However, you can make an analogy, and we take the average salary in Moscow, according to the latest data from Rosstat for June 2015 - 57 thousand rubles a month. It turns out that the current money, Alexis spent on Falcon 4, 7 billion rubles a year today.
The royal procession that accompanied the monarch during trips hunting, stretched a kilometer. Compared with it, modern tuples officials and even the President - just child's play. Now, he looked like an ordinary king's departure to hunt Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov. The first 300 attendants went on a richly saddled horses of three in a row. They were followed by 300 horse archers of five in a row. Followed by another 500 Reiter. Next were 40 horses in the lead-precious harness. They were followed by replacement carriage horses. And then the king went to a great coach and accompanied him boyars and courtiers, who were a few dozen people.
The famous tax on beards, entered by Peter the Great - is, of course, it is not personal expenses, but very indicative figures to provide a general scale. Thus, the nobles and officials who wish to wear a beard, had to pay 600 rubles a year in today's money is 3.5 million rubles. Servants and coachmen paid much less - up to 30 rubles a year - 180,000 in today's money.
When Anna Ivanovna spending state coffers reached unprecedented proportions. The annual cost estimate of the Empress Anna Ivanovna was as follows. For the maintenance of the royal court took 260 thousand rubles - 1, 5 billion in today's terms. At the stables of Duke Biron - another 100 000 - 600 million current money. On small personal needs Empress Annual maintenance 42 500 rubles, in current money is 255 million. For comparison, the same amount of time spent annually on maintenance of the Academy of Sciences with the printing. But for public education was allocated to 10 times less - 4,500 rubles, or 27 million in today's terms.
One of the biggest and famous spending became Empress wedding jesters in the ice house. For these purposes, it was built a large ice town with the elephants at the entrance of the trunks of which a fountain flowed burning oil. This holiday cost the treasury 30 thousand rubles - 180 million in today's money.
Tsarskoye Selo Palace, also known as the Great Catherine Palace, built by architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli by order of Empress Catherine I, is one of the biggest wastes of the Russian monarchs. Despite the fact that the palace was built back in 1717, the main building was no longer at the Empress Elizabeth. The palace cost the treasury 1.6 million rubles. Our money is a 9, 6 billion rubles.
Catherine the Great,
Coronation of the Empress Catherine II was a grand celebration. Celebrations then lasted more than three months. During most of the coronation of more than 19 tons of silver were distributed to the people in Moscow. On the streets there were fried bulls and fountains of Rhine wine. Masquerades held with the participation of dwarfs, giants and clowns. Total costs for the ceremony is extremely difficult to calculate, and the figures are there to get to absolutely astronomical.
It is clear even from the fact, how much cost the new crown, which has become the main attraction of the event. Large Imperial Crown included 4936 diamonds weighing 2,858 carats noble spinel 398 carats, 72 Indian pearls. All this grandeur cost the treasury 2 000 000. In today's money is 8,000,000,000.
Russian Emperor Nicholas I was a friend of the famous poet Alexander Pushkin. The first thing I did after the coronation of Nicholas I - Pushkin returned from exile. Emperor several times the personal intervention saved Pushkin from trouble. Even the poet has paid the debts after the death of 165 thousand rubles. The modern equivalent is 198 million rubles.