As the Soviet Union was stolen nuclear bomb in the United States
The United States became the only country to use nuclear weapons against civilians. This demonstration of invincible power, technology, which was not anybody on the planet, once granted the US a dominant position. Over the next few years on the weapons did the bombers B-36 Peacemaker: Now blow to any enemy could be carried out directly from its territory. Nuclear monopoly superpower collapsed at one point - and the reason for it became an ordinary engineer.
The American Dream
Cold War period took place in the United States under the sign of hunting witch: the slightest suspicion of communist leanings meant total ostracism by society and the attention of special services. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, did not hide their political preferences, they became official "martyrs of the regime" - so, at least, claimed by Soviet propaganda.
In fact, Julius Rosenberg recruited by Soviet intelligence back in the 1940th year. By itself, a fine engineer did not represent any interest for the USSR: the next pawn in a complicated game. Julius, however, did not consider himself a pawn, trying not only to carry out orders of the curator of the GRU, but also take the initiative. So, burning zeal, an engineer recruited by his own wife, and then her brother, which immediately transferred it to the last rank.
Trusting a relative
Brother of Ethel Rosenberg served as an ordinary sergeant of the American army, on secondment as a mechanic to the nuclear center at Los Alamos. The same one which was designed dropped on Nagasaki atomic bomb. Sergeant Greenglass, not knowing what works on the Soviet Union, gave Julius important working drawings and full scientific report on the studies of employees.
Julius Rosenberg was able to smuggle the Soviet Union a huge number of the most important technical documentation. Greenglass until recently did not know about his role, believing that sells information of one of the industrial corporations. He supervised the entire process of Alexander S. Feklisov - scout, received the title of Hero of Russia for a solution to the so-called "nuclear problem". It was he who persuaded Julius to transfer the sample fuze - top-secret product analogue which tried unsuccessfully to develop Soviet engineers. This will enable the Council to save a few billion dollars, and stimulated the development of the nuclear program.
are forging is hot
Of course, the United States could not miss the opportunity once again to scare the whole world communist threat. Rosenberg was arrested immediately after the disclosure, and that this haste has become a key mistake by the FBI. Much more professional would be to install surveillance over scientists. As it turned out later, Julius had direct contact with the famous spy Abel - fish entirely different scale.
Apparently, the Rosenbergs, and in fact could pass vital information to the Soviets. Full list produced by Julius materials stored till now classified as "secret" - the US government allowed to publish only a little. However, many historians insist on the political background of the loud process: communist views of American citizens were quick to use both sides.
Espionage, which we heard in this hall - a vile and dirty work, no matter how idealistic she did ... your crime - an act far worse than murder. - Extract from the death sentence couple Rosenberg.
The Court came to the international scale. For the Rosenbergs were tens of thousands of petition to the US government were endless succession. Albert Einstein personally met with the chief judge of the process, but the result of the intervention of the eminent physicist had. Even a personal letter the Pope, Piyya XII did not bring anything new: the fate of the Rosenbergs was sealed at the highest level.
The execution of two people - a sad and serious matter, but it is even more terrible and sad thought of the millions of victims, whose death can be directly attributed to the fact that these spies did. I'm not going to interfere in this matter. - Dwight D. Eisenhower, the US President.