5 of lost ancient cities
We offer you to remember the ancient cities of ancient civilizations lost in time. When in these cities was very lively, and now from them there were only ruins, worn by time. But the greatness of these cities can be easily seen even in those stones, extant.
Machu Picchu, Peru
The city of the Incas is an incredibly beautiful city that amazing harmony with nature. The peculiarity of this lost city is that it is located on a mountain in the Andes, where it is calcined hot Peruvian sun rays. Who and for what purpose built village so high - no one knows. However, for all to see the city was opened relatively recently, in 1911 Yale University professor Hiram Bingham. Most archaeologists suggest that Machu Picchu - the "city in the clouds", was built as an estate of Emperor Pachacuti who ruled, according to archaeologists, scientists at the time. Himself Hiram Bingham believed that the city was a kind of traditional birthplace of "virgins of the sun". Another theory is that Machu Picchu was a kind of the Capitol, to control all the surrounding areas. Also, there are suggestions that a village was built as a prison for criminals who have committed particularly serious crimes against society. Whatever it was, a lost "city in the sky" is "tasty morsel" for tourists as well as for scientists.
Set in Sappadosie Derinkuyu city is known for its multi-storey underground city. Now Open 8 floors, but archaeologists suggest that there have been about 20. Derinkuyu literally translates from Turkish as "deep well", and indeed, the village goes to 85 meters in depth. The city is so big that it once could fit from 2 000 to 3 000 people with all the necessary accoutrements, warehouses for food, chapels, cellars. Just a lot of workshops has been found presses for squeezing oil wineries. Normal breathability provide ventilation ducts. Between the third and fourth floors were found cruciform church. It is believed that the city was built in about 8-7 century BC and was used by early Christians as a shelter from the invasion of the Arabs. there are several other underground cities in the district, which can be reached through Derinkuyu 8 kilometer tunnel.
City of Petra, built as it is assumed in the sixth century BC, is a kind of symbol of Jordan and the main attraction for tourists. The city remained unknown to the "Western world" until 1812 when it was opened by the Swedish scientist Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. In a poem by John Villiama Burgau Peter has been described as "rose-red city of the age in half eternity", UNESCO also gave a description of the city: "One of the most valuable art objects of the cultural heritage of mankind." And despite the enormous number of descriptions of the "red city" in literature, no words do not really describe all the fullness of feeling, when you see the city while there, the rocks, the colors, all this is not only admired but leads to thinking about the people who built this city, or turn up. Peter was built at Crossed industrious Arab trade routes with India, China, Egypt, Syria and Rome for trading exotic goods, silk, spices.
Pompeii is one of the most important sights testifying to the great Roman Empire. The city as an open book perfectly demonstrates the art, architecture, customs and daily life of the inhabitants of the city. By the way, "flooded city" has not always been part of the Empire until the end of the 1st century BC, Pompey went into her possession. As the sources, the city flourished for a hundred years. A harbinger of disaster was the earthquake in February '63, the losses were enormous, even after 16 years, up to the major disaster, not all architectural structures have been restored. 24 August 79 Mount Vesuvius exploded, flooding the lava Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae and several nearby villas and manors. The eruption lasted until August 26, leaving behind a few meters of dust, pumice and lava on the surface of the great cities, and all the well-known story of the death of Pompeii. It is said that the city of excavations took place after the eruption of Vesuvius nearly 17 centuries, until 1748, the search for new materials is still going on. Now the city is an open air museum, unique in its kind model of art and architecture of ancient Roman Empire.
Teotihuacan, the first truly large-scale city in the New World, is considered to be the city where men become gods. The main attractions of the city are considered to be abandoned two huge step pyramids - Pyramid of the Sun and Pyramid of the Moon. Excavations have shown that religion was one of the most important, if not the most important part of life for city dwellers. The chief deity was considered probably Quetzalcoatl - god with a snake's body, covered with feathers, pictures of this particular god most was found in the village. City, as can be seen, functioned for centuries as a well-developed urban center, there is evidence of the development of various technologies, sciences, especially astronomy and agronomy. Teotihuacan existed, apparently, to the 7th century, until not explained by nothing more than collapse. What people lived in the city, their language, origin and cause of the disappearance remains a mystery. However, many archaeologists suggest that the people who lived at the time in a city where men become gods, were all known to the Maya.