Comparison of road in the Kolyma and North America
• Comparison of road in the Kolyma and North America,
I, as a resident of the Kolyma River, very often say when I want to invite its course to come to visit, that you have some primer bogomerzkih on which suspension break it, and the asphalt is not, and here in Alaska and Canada - there are roads, that ahnesh. Therefore, first build the same, but we'll see.
My timid comments on this, saying, guys, we are actually on the permafrost live, and as if it is normal that the ice short summer has the ability to slightly thaw and freeze in the winter, and the ground has the ability to walk, and all this quickly made and repaired - I contemptuously nod and say, look to Alaska and Canada. There's something, they say, asphalt highways to heaven, and in general, they have there like this ... What I usually modestly silent. But I'm tired of doing this, he sat down and watched it, and as we have.
So, let's still comparable roads in the North-East, Russia and Alaska and Canada. And let's see if they do anything as cool as we vegetate in quilted jackets and do not know anything about how to build roads on permafrost?
To begin with, I'll show you the map. Here's a - not exactly a conventional perspective, but that is very much at once explains:
Leaving Greenland, Norway and other European. Just focus on our North-East and Alaska and Canada. Darkest on the map above highlighted areas in which lies the permafrost. That is, it is the ice under a thin layer of humus, which does not melt or winter or summer. It can only melt under the influence of anthropogenic factors, that is, the energy directed at him. And then, very quickly restored, since no energy in the winter is not enough that the ice would melt. And what do we see? And everything is simple: the permafrost, we cover most of the land in general. But if her lot in Alaska and Canada? Yes, and how they settled the land? Where it is? And as we do, in the same region of Magadan and Yakutia?
If you look closely, the Alaska has a population of items that are on this very permafrost. And the road to them too go. But what road? Highways in the form shown in the first picture? Nothing like this.
But who are too lazy to go there - there are some screenshots:
Already in the first picture we see the road laid on permafrost. Two-way. Without curbs, with pits. With gravel, with a track. Compare our Kolyma highway? Yes please. Here are my own photos.
Omsukchan track. Omsukchan - a village on the outskirts of the world and the Magadan region. Summer photo found what is, yet the similarities observed. The same track, the same almost no curbs same emptiness around. While there, the power lines necessary that on the upper photo of Alaska can not see. But there is no pipeline. They do not produce any gas in Kolyma, no oil. Only two hydropower plants and built in the history of the development of the Kolyma River. A little under a different region is sharpened. Gold.
A further comparison, from the same site. Well, just the man went to the village and the Fota on the road. What? Autobahn? With dual carriageway? No, have not heard. Let me remind you that this is Alaska:
Do not you think there is a similarity? Yes, we still will be better if that. Vaughn and roadside traced, and even wells are none on the road. :) And also a nice landscape, but that's who you like, maybe someone Give landscape of Alaska, because there is an air of freedom, yeah! :)
Another look comparisons? Or move to Canada? Let's ...
To be honest, we are also missing dirt on the roads in Kolyma. And on parking, too. A more dust:
Dust - the bane of any ground slopes. And very often it is the cause of accidents. Ahead of you is a wagon, her mile plume of dust. Enter into it - and it's pitch-dark. And most importantly, when you go to overtake, is not visible counter, so it is very risking. Counter is also due to the dust can not see anything.
This stems from the dust - the soil, which is to build a road. It so happens that he's so in Kolyma. Crumbling fast sailing in the rain on frozen ground and is not quite suitable for the construction of roads. But there is no other, it's not povezesh such volumes for the construction of roads from distant quarries? Not povezesh. Therefore, there is in place, and sypem. It get dusty, sad and dangerous on the nausea, but there is no alternative. Rather, there is, but expensive. Here's a ...
This is our time, Kolyma federal highway. From Alaska in a straight line - 3 000 kilometers. Complete and absolute permafrost under the road. Construction:
already alien looks at it this way here:
But UAZ on first coats - the most it.
What are you talking about? We bury millions in lands where no one lives? But you want good roads? That is, build. Or, again, what is not happy? But then I no longer agree with the speakers who will talk about burying money in the ground. I do not need the asphalt on the permafrost. It's much more difficult to maintain in good condition on the ground that, in comparison with a conventional primer. And especially with the small population of the Magadan Region. In Yakutia, the population is much more mobility and it is much higher there, but we Magadan - a little, and this paved road quickly turns into sludge, compared with the same primer.
Just a couple of photos of Alaska road and go to Canada:
Dirt, ruin and repair at home in Kolyma visited. Well, the same thing. Let me remind you that this is the road to the permafrost, made from the same soil about what we do. Even nature is similar. In other places, the road is much better in Alaska. Any Google says. As we Magadan has good road, a distance of 100 kilometers from the city of permafrost has not so eternal, so the asphalt there, and even a couple of interchanges, in Anchorage.
But enough about Alaska. Let about Canada. It's also one of the biggest Nordic countries in the world. There is such highways, and all of them are not laid in places where permafrost. And where there is permafrost - laid out the same way as we do. And I'm going to refer to this in the main source of the world map information - through corrupt US and Canadian State Department Google. He's just a big, does not manage to clobber that spread to the network of its numerous divisions. Therefore his cards in Canada can be seen as follows:
Autobahn? Within the permafrost? Do not, do not know, we have not seen. I used the service guglokart.
After I looked at the road, I had a direct Russia on our side - this is as follows:
In practice, on the line proved Yakut village of Ust-Nera, with the same exact way, only more extensive in distance:
This is the so-called Nerskaya River clamps. The road goes into the rock exploded on a hill, repeating all the twists and turns of the river Nera. But it is the most convenient way to get to the Indighirka was. I will not here about Zakopane zekah, that's another topic. I liken the road on the same latitude, and do not see much of a difference.
The only thing we have is worse - is the speed of the road of recovery after disasters and precipitation. Well, at least because we have the Kolyma and Yakutia in these conditions of roads built by kilometrage many times more than the same in Alaska and Canada at the same latitude. Factor of. And that's why you can travel freely from Magadan to Yakutsk 2500 kilometers, and then another thousand down - to a normal asphalt road Vladivostok-Moscow. The last thing I want to say - about bridges. Yes, in Kolyma they were all bad. Not everywhere. But, by the same federal highway Magadan - Yakutsk they are almost everywhere. And where they do not have a boat.
Yeah, that's where I can catch the reader, such as in Canada, are all good with bridges, so there is something in the blessed paradise, there is everything. And bridges too.
And here and there. Enjoying the same Google:
What is it? This steam, friends. On the other side of the river. Coordinates? Yes, that's all there is. On the same latitude as the Ust-Neroy, which is located in Yakutia.
In Yakutia, the same thing, only with the rocks lying on the road worse. They have a lot of clay, especially in the area Walby - Lower Best, so there is notable blurs.
Aldan River. Ferry. Before the landing of machines with these ferries and a half hour course downstream from Magadan, and three, if you go to Magadan.
And, finally, about the bridges. In the photo below - a wooden bridge across the Yukon:
And this is the bridge over the river Arman, 50 km from Magadan. For those who will say that this bridge is 50 kilometers from Magadan, to remind you that this structure should not Kolyma highway, but away from it. Does this road on the coast of the Sea of Okhotsk, in the side of which is only 3 settlements with the total number of inhabitants of a total of about 3 000 people.
passed last year. Two-way. Asphalt.
In conclusion, a few photos of the Kolyma highway. Which, in spite of everything, it is the thread that once allowed the Kolyma gold dig to the country's budget, and is still supported by the forces of the few settlements of the Magadan Region.
Near the village of Road Atka.
The federal highway Kolyma. The new site of Ust-Nera to Kubyume. Two bands, lifted up above the ground at three meters, there are curbs throughout. The average speed of traffic on my car - about 110 km / h.
This Yakutia, the road to the village of Warm Key, on our side of the river Aldan.
Somewhere behind the lower Bestyahom. The railway is already there.
Even last bit of Yakutia. Old photos of 2006:
The time has passed, and now there is. year 2014:
Everything flows, everything changes. So that you can come to us under its own power to Magadan, you can. It is still difficult, but not like in the first decade of the XXI century.
I have written all this to sort out disputes that in Alaska and Canada have managed to build a road, and we have not. They managed, because the ice over there lies not 10 inches from the ground, but much deeper. And here is where everything is bad, where the permafrost, where he lives in the same little people - everything is the same. Dirt, dust, ferries and the ground instead of asphalt. The only thing that can be - ground a little better and razdolbaystva smaller, so after heavy rains and flooding restore them better and faster.