The short, unhappy life of his beloved daughter of Peter I
The favorite of Peter the Great - Anna lived a short life (she died at the age of twenty years), and, unfortunately, unfortunately. Her fate was sealed by his father since childhood. She had little to sacrifice themselves through marriage with the unloved man who did not appreciate it and live the rest of days in a foreign country. I do it all in vain?
Anna was born on February 7, 1708. She was the eldest of the daughters of Peter I and Catherine. And an illegitimate child. Only a few years later the parents legalize their relationship. Only then Anya and her sister went to live in a luxurious palace. I think you know how to raise before the royal personages: they are surrounded by numerous nurses and governesses, trying to give the best education. Anna was no exception. It shall be attached to a variety of knowledge. In particular, reading and writing. By the way, it has achieved in this area a great success and already in the age of eight, her parents wrote letters, signing as "Princess Anne". With enthusiasm and admirable tenacity she mastered and foreign languages. In general, the girl described as curious clever. She also had good flavor and was trained in all manners. In short, the gold, and not a child.
Mother spoiled her youngest daughter and exquisite clothes, brought from abroad. Probably, it was the only joy in the girl's life. Father was often short-tempered and aggressive, and when he learned that his wife is cheating on him, then cut off the head of her lover, and showed throughout the palace. But even then his anger left. He said the room Anna Petrovna during a lesson and threw it in the direction of a penknife. Imagine the horror, was overcome gentle creature. But Anna was very fond of his father, and forgave him even that.
The girl grew up into a beautiful girl, a different beauty, education and modesty. In 1711, she received from her father a huge plot of land in St. Petersburg after the official appointment of its princess. And in 1721-m became known as "crown princess" after Peter I received the title of emperor. No wonder that it has become an enviable bride. In addition, Peter the Great wished to gain a foothold in Europe through family connections (at that time already successfully married off his nieces). But to give your favorite Anna he did not hurry, but to think of it, when she was only 13 years old.
For the third year in St. Petersburg oshivalsya Karl-Friedrich - the Duke of Holstein. He was one of the contenders for the hand of Anne. This alliance would be beneficial to both parties. Peter would have an impact on long-time northern enemy, and Charles, in turn, wanted to return to the area once the selected Denmark. Although Carl was not rich, he was the origin and many links, which could be envied.
And at seventeen, Anna was married. And what is the benefit from it, you ask? The only thing she had to be content - did not need to take another religion as Protestant yards were liberal in this matter. Another bonus - the couple's son could claim to the Russian throne (secret clause of the marriage contract), while Anna herself and her husband rejected the claims.
Peter's health was deteriorating day by day, and he did not live up to the wedding of his beloved daughter. Yet Catherine took care of the lavish celebrations. After the death of the ruler of the country has changed. Menshikov was afraid of the influence of the couple and because all he could to show the door it out of the country. His fears were justified: the couple could significantly affect the state affairs. Thus, the Supreme Privy Council, in which Karl-Friedrich was one of the members was organized in early 1726. All it consisted of seven people.
A year later, Menshikov, taking advantage of the death of Catherine, was short-lived sovereign ruler. But this time it was enough to bring her husband of Anna from the council to show the door and the family from the country. Anna lived after the wedding at home a couple of years, and then was forced to leave with her husband in a Holstein. Before leaving for any problems with the registration of securities in the dowry, as they have been signed, "the Russian Crown Princess", and after the wedding she lost her title of Princess.
Anna painfully did not want to leave their homeland, although the Germans took it eagerly, native to her husband quickly lost interest. He often liked to spend time away from home and without his wife. The girl, at home surrounded by attention and care, just get bored of being alone in a strange country. The poor thing was crying almost every day. The only salvation was the letter my sister in St. Petersburg.
In 1728-m Anna had a son (later he became Peter III). His birth of the German nation celebrated noisily. In Russia, the news received, not so violently. Shortly after giving birth, she died.
Some believe that it is a bad cold for a long time watching the open window of the salute in honor of his son. Others believe that it was postpartum fever. Anyway, windy husband grieved, though not loved his wife. He even ordered the creation of a memorial, as well as founded the Order of St. Anne.
Before his death, she asked to bury her next to his father. Suicide request was fulfilled, although it could not perform, because the throne was then heir Tsarevich Alexei - Peter II. For this purpose, for her ashes sent two ships. The coffin was taken to the Neva Peter and Paul Cathedral. At Moscow the funeral of one of his relatives, and the court did not appear. Even her beloved sister, she wrote a letter to the foreign land, was not present (she could not miss the opening of the hunting season). But say goodbye to Anna Petrovna came hundreds of ordinary residents of St. Petersburg. These were maritime employees, acquaintances, master of the ship business, loyal friends, and many others.
Here is a short and difficult life was the beloved daughter of Peter I. The author of the book "Princess of the Romanovs: the king's daughters," emphasizes that from childhood he had raised Anna as an extension of their public affairs. And so it happened. Growing up, she was another bridge between Russia and Europe. You could say she sacrificed her life for the sake of the Russian state.