On what to look for salvation children's writer Agnes Barto in the literature
• What does salvation sought children's writer Agnes Barto in the literature
February 17 marks the 113 years since the birth of the famous Soviet writer, author of poems for children Agnes Barto. Her books are published in enormous editions, poetry has been translated into many languages, it is with its products for many generations of children to begin acquaintance with poetry. It is a fact well known to all. But that work was for her rescue after experienced shocks, few know. On what to look for salvation and oblivion Agnes Barto in the literature - later in the review.
The future writer was born in 1906 in the family veterinarian. According to some reports, at birth she was named Getelo Leybovny Volovoi - her parents were Jewish - but information about this name is not confirmed in its official biographies. Besides, it is not known exactly, even the year of its birth: in all encyclopedias Set in 1906, but her daughter says that in fact she was born in 1907 and in 17 years added to his one year in the documents to get a job. A surname Barto - this is not a literary pseudonym, she went to her first husband, the writer Paul Barto, whom she married at age 18.
The writer and her husband, Paul Barto | Photo: bartofamily.org
Agnes's father was very fond of Krylov knew by heart almost all its fables and often read to their daughter, a child infected her with a passion for literature. In his autobiography, the poet later admitted: "I started writing poetry at an early age, in the first classes of the school devoted their mostly love" Marquis pink ". Well, so I put write about love, and I fully paid tribute to this subject when I was eleven years old. " However, soon to replace the intimate lyric epigrams come on friends and teachers.
As a teenager, Agnes intended to become a ballerina - she studied at the prestigious grammar school and studied at the Ballet School. However, constrained financial situation of the family made it to 17 years to get to the store clerk "Clothing" - its employees gave out rations, herring heads, from which you can soup was cooking. Her literary fate decided on the prom in the Ballet School, where she read her poem "Funeral March" to the accompaniment of a pianist, "while taking dramatic poses," according to her daughter. Present at the Commissariat Lunacharskii barely suppressed laughter, but a few days later the young poet called to her and asked her to engage seriously in the literature for children.
However, after the end of the ballet school Agnes Barto entered the ballet company, but soon her team had emigrated, and her father was against her going abroad. At this stage of her life and ended. A literary begun. Since 1925, she regularly published poems for children. During the war she continued to write nursery rhymes, speaking to them on the radio and in schools, and even read them to the soldiers, who, during her performances were crying, recollecting their children.
The writer with his son | Photo: iledebeaute.ru
And at the very end of the war, May 5, 1945, tragedy struck: Agnes Barto son from his first marriage Garik, riding a bicycle, fell under the wheels of the machine. Save him could not - he died on the spot. At that time he was 18 years old. The writer experienced the death of his son very hard and was not able to cope with this grief. For several years, she withdrew, she withdrew into herself. Salvation for her was the work. In 1947, she wrote a poem called "Zvenigorod" Children of war without parental care.
In a few years this poem into the hands of a woman who lost during the war bond with her little daughter and 10 years could not find her. She wrote a letter to Agnes Barto, telling about the trouble, the writer appealed to the police department engaged in tracing the missing, and a few years later a daughter was able to find! So Agnes Barto had a new meaning of life - since it helped to unite families separated by the war. Over the 9 years she was on the radio "Mayak" broadcast "Find a Person" and joined the 927 families! Since then, work has become for her rescue from all the ills of life. She repeated: "If I have a day at least a few lines do not write, I feel a lack of talent." And this attitude to creativity had its benefits: it diverged millions of copies of the book, about which Rasul Gamzatov once said: "The circulation of her books more than the population of some of the continent." And Yuri Gagarin spoke of her works: "This is the first book about the good in my life."
Many wondered how lifelong Agnes Barto was able to create such a naive and touching, simple and magical children's poems. The secret was simple: she just loved children and never lost interest in them. Her daughter from his second marriage Tatiana Scheglyaeva told me: "My mother all his life studied in children, watching them. She often parked near the playground, he watched the children play, listen to what they say. So, "The House has moved," she wrote on hearing the words of a little girl who looked like the house moved from the Stone Bridge. Sometimes my mother worked undercover Presenting District Officer, sit at the last desk in the classroom and to listen to what children say. However, once it has declassified girl first grader, "You are working in the area? A writer used to work, I saw you on TV. "
Many of his poems Agnes Barto devoted grandchildren - Volodya and Natasha. Unfortunately, his great-granddaughter, she could see only once: Asya was born in January 1981, and in April was not the writer. She has always been very energetic and active, on its 75th anniversary, she danced, and a month later she was taken to the hospital - it turned out, it was a heart attack. Doctors wondered how she managed to live such a long life - because her heart was quite worn out, the vessels were very weak, and it was not clear how all the blood enters the heart in the last 10 years. This brings to mind a phrase that Agnes Barto often said, "Almost every person in life there are moments when he does more than he can."