Interesting facts about the popular attractions
Many of the most famous landmarks in the world is an iconic symbol of past times and it seems that they have been known to have everything. However, despite their popularity, there are some unique, but little-known facts about these world famous attractions that attract tourists from all over the globe.
1. Ravens Tower of London
Tower of London, one of the most famous landmarks in London, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078 as a new royal residence. However, from 1100 to 1952 it was used as a prison, which contained some of the most notorious criminals of the country, such as Ranulf Flambard and the Kray Twins.
The historic castle is now open to the public. Visitors can learn more about its history, exploring the various prison cells, as well as in the Tower, you can see the famous Crown Jewels. However, not everyone knows that the castle is constantly "under the protection" of six ravens. Local superstition has it that if the ravens leave the Tower, the whole kingdom will fall. For this reason, in the Tower today there are keepers who take care of the family ravens - six "regular" and one "spare". This superstition, according to historians, traces its history from Charles II, who commanded the ravens to protect, warning that the Tower of London, and the British Crown will fall, if the birds ever fly away.
2. The crack in the Liberty Bell
Liberty Bell, originally known as "", became famous when its bells from the tower of Independence Hall called residents to the announcement of the Declaration of Independence. Initially, the bell was commissioned in 1751 at the Whitechapel foundry plant in London. However, he cracked already during the first tests.
After that, the local steelmakers John Stow and John Pass the original bell melted, creating his current cult option. After 90 years of regular use, in the early 1840s at the Liberty Bell appeared narrow crack. Only attempt to repair was made in 1846. Steelmakers have decided to use the technique of "suspends drilling" to expand the crack, thereby preventing further damage and restore the bell. Unfortunately, any attempt at repair has led to a second fracture. After that, the bell fell silent forever.
3. The Statue of Liberty Color
The Statue of Liberty, which was presented to America by France in 1886, is one of the most iconic landmarks in the world (its more than four million tourists visit each year). However, some may be surprised to learn that the iconic statue originally was not green. When she found out she was a copper color. But the combination of rain, wind and sea spray has led to the fact that the statue of the oxide. First, it has acquired a dim chocolate brown color, after which finally became a blue-green, which everyone knows it today. Plaque oxide were not removed because it is a natural way to prevent further damage and damage to the statue.
4. The Parthenon
Some archaeologists believe that many of the iconic stone ruins in Athens today looks very different than in the days when they were built. For example, it is widely believed that once the Parthenon was colored. During recent tests carried out by the Greek archaeologist and chemical engineer Evi Papakonstantinou-Zioti, on the walls of the ruins found traces of blue, red and green paint. It is thought that erosion of the weather is the cause fading of the world famous temple, which was built in 432 BC.
5. Chimney Tower Bridge
The Tower Bridge - this drawbridge suspended in London, built in 1886 - 1894 for crossing the Thames to the Tower of London. Thus, it is one of the most iconic sights of London, which offers breathtaking views of the English capital. However, the bridge is one feature of which nobody knows. If you look closely, it is possible to find a chimney, painted in the same blue color as the lamp posts along the bridge. It leads to the old fireplace in the guardroom the Tower of London. Once stoked fireplace in winter, the guards did not freeze.
6. The hidden time capsule in the arch gate
The Arch in St. Louis (Gateway Arch) was built over 50 years ago. It is not only the highest monument in the US, but also the highest arch in the world. Tourists who love to visit the observation deck on top of it, not even aware that there is hidden a little piece of history. In October 1965 there was a hidden time capsule with 762 000 signatures, mostly students, who at that time visited various school in St. Louis. However, it is unlikely that a time capsule to be opened in the near future. She vtsementirovana inside the arch structure, so there will be stored for as long as the stand for the entire structure.
7. The hidden cave at the Lincoln Memorial
If someone visited the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, he probably missed a barely noticeable door. Behind it are a number of stairs to an underground hall filled with graffiti, dust and debris. It is believed that the builders painted cave walls in the construction of religious monuments in the early 1900s. Since then, the National Park Service calls it "historic graffiti."
8. This color of the Golden Gate Bridge
The Golden Gate Bridge is one of the most famous tourist destinations in the United States. However, despite its name, the suspension bridge is not really gold. paint color according to international standards is considered to be orange. In fact, the Golden Gate Bridge has not got its name because of its color paint as it is believed by many, and was named after the Golden Gate Strait, through which it was built.
9. Secret tour of Big Ben
Big Ben - one of the most famous sights of London, which everyone can see during a tour of Westminster. However, many people do not know what is available for the tourists round the tower of Elizabeth, which is the Big Ben. There is one "but" - you need to be a resident of the United Kingdom to enter into. Despite the fact that the tour is free, for every visitor who enters the religious building, in fact, pay members of Parliament or the House of Lords. Those who have enough privileges to enter inside, can count on the hour-long tour of Big Ben maintenance personnel. In connection with routine repairs, this feature is currently not available, but the private tour, is expected to resume in 2021.
10. Hollywood sign
Many people may be surprised to learn that the Hollywood sign would not exist without the late Hugh Hefner. The sign, originally established in 1923, was written by "Hollywoodland", and it has become an iconic symbol of the city Tinseltaun. By 1978, the sign is already seriously dilapidated. When he learned that the Chamber of Commerce took 250,000 dollars to restore the sign, Playboy founder Hugh Hefner has announced a fundraiser. For example, to 27 000 dollars donated rock star Alice Cooper and actor Gene Autry. Hefner thanks to fund-raising efforts, the sign has been restored. But it was not the only time when Hefner saved trademark Hollywood. In 2010, the environmental group "The Trust for Public Land" decided to protect 55 hectares of land around the Hollywood sign, because there were going to build a luxury home. We had to collect $ 1 million, and Hefner has donated 900,000 dollars needed to save the sign.