What secrets are kept People's Artist of the USSR Lyudmila Zykina
• What secrets kept the People's Artist of the USSR Lyudmila Zykina
June 10 marks the 90th anniversary of the birth of legendary singer, People's Artist of the USSR Lyudmila Zykina. 10 years ago, she passed away, and with her departure ended an era in the history of Soviet music. During the life of her name has been associated many myths, most of which were far from reality. What secrets are kept a famous actress, why it was not able to find personal happiness, and there was really owes its success to the high patrons - later in the review.
Lyudmila Zykina was born in 1929 in the suburban village of Cheryomushki in a simple family - her father worked in a factory, and his mother - a nurse at the hospital. In their family sang everything - my grandmother knew a lot of folk songs, my mother loved to collect guests and organize home concerts. The first stage was a forest near Moscow Lyudmila - she often sang there just for themselves. When war broke out, she was only 12 years old and in school had to quit. At night, she, along with the adults on duty on the roofs of houses - threw firebombs, and in the afternoon she worked as a turner at the factory.
Her professional singer's career began thanks to a fluke - one day she saw an advertisement for a set of soloists in the famous Folk Choir Pyatnitsky and decided to test their strength. Unexpectedly for herself, she was selected, leaving behind about a thousand competitors. In parallel with studies in the choir, he continued his studies at the school for working youth.
The most expensive person for Zykina was her mother. The father left the family and left her for another woman. For many years, they did not communicate, their reconciliation was only when Lyudmila was already a famous singer, and his father before his death had come to her concert. And in 1949, her mother died. It was such a shock that she lost her voice for her. The choir had to leave. About a year Zykina could not sing, and no longer had hoped to be able to perform on stage, but acquaintance with her future husband brought her back to life. Later Zykina admitted that her love is always saved and was a major source of inspiration - without love would not be able to sing. After that, she worked for about 7 years in the choir of All-Union Radio, and in 1960 became a soloist of the Moscow concert. Then it came to the all-Union and popularity.
According to official figures, the singer has been married 4 times, although the press has repeatedly appeared information about her secret marriage and novels. Her first marriage to engineer Vladlen Pozdnova was short-lived and collapsed because of the betrayal of her husband - he had gone to her friend. Zykina later admitted: "I could not forgive betrayal. Suffering after breaking up with her husband splashed in their songs, one of them was about the betrayal: "All three of them quarreled, all three of them went ...". She did not tell anyone that the marriage she had gone through, and another tragedy: because of the complications of pregnancy after a failed singer forever lost the ability to have children. She often asked questions about why she became a mother, and she always replied that the man who devoted his life to creativity, is forced to make sacrifices. All were convinced that it was her conscious choice. It was only years later, a friend told her about the real reason why Zykina not learned the joys of motherhood.
Families in the usual sense of the word in Zykina was never - work really stood out for her in the foreground. Her second marriage to journalist Yevgeny Svalova and third marriage with a foreign language teacher Vladimir Kotelkin too, were short-lived. The most robust and long become her family union with accordionist Victor Gridin, who was younger than Zykina for 14 years and played in her band. Although no one believed in the sincerity of the young musician's feelings for the 48-year old singer, their friends said that among them was a very warm relationship. True, the marriage broke up because of adultery.
Lyudmila Zykina was able to part with their elected representatives without scandals and always blamed himself all over, "Judge for yourselves: twenty days a month I was on tour. Daily rehearsals, concerts almost every day, sometimes twice a day. In addition, I am responsible for a large group - ensemble "Russia". On my repertoire, concert activities of the orchestra, the climate in the team. In short, everything. Who among men like a wife who comes tired after midnight. I never meet him from work, do not feed, do not regret. Family in such an environment may not last long. "
She attributed the affair with composer Alexander Averkin, who gave her a song "the young sailor goes on leave." The singer denied the rumors, but in his later years admitted that she had a relationship with a high-ranking official, who for the sake of her wanted to leave his family and children, but she would not let him do it, "We met with him secretly, I do not for that and I did not expect anything from it is not required. When he retires, he invited me to join. I wanted to get away from the family and be with me. But I was aware that I can not be a good wife to him, because I live creativity. And I refused. "
Lyudmila Zykina has always been very popular not only among the people, but also among those in power. It's not a secret that she was treated kindly by the authorities. Nikita Khrushchev, did not conceal his warm attitude towards the singer, and with the Chairman of the Council of Ministers Alexei Kosygin and it does attributed to the novel, which in fact was not - they are connected by a nodding acquaintance. Many high-ranking officials patronized Zykina for the reason that they saw in it a symbol of Soviet music, and the best performer of folk songs, and because it is often produced abroad. It is available in France, USA and Australia, and Japan has become the first Russian singer to go there on tour. The Japanese took it very warmly and was called "a giantess with great good heart."
On the Culture Minister Catherine Furtsevoy Zykina linked for many years of friendship, but their relationship was not idyllic. Furtseva really patronized their favorite singer and girlfriend, but visited her quite strict. Zykina said that when she told her about his desire to buy a car, produced in France, she said that Russian singer can only ride on the Russian car, and that the "Volga", it should be enough. In turn Zykina Furtsevoy did not obey without question and she allowed herself to argue, although I loved her.
In his declining years, on the eve of his 80th birthday Zykina gave several interviews. When asked if she has no regrets about how there was her life, the singer said: "I do not regret anything. Always loved his work. For me, always in the first place it was the work on the second - the work, and on the third - work. Average women's happiness did not work ... Without a song can not imagine life. She is everything to me - and work, love and family. If you want to - it's my passion. It turns out that life itself ... ".