Where the Soviet Union was given the best education?
It is believed that Soviet education was much better than this. And there's a myth that it was the best in the world. Of course, this is debatable, but in the USSR universities, which diplomas actually "traded". And sometimes not only in our country.
Higher Education in the Soviet
International university rankings were introduced only in 2003. But graduates of prestigious technical universities in the Soviet Union is traditionally in demand abroad. Following the restructuring, many of our scientists and programmers have been able to find work in big Western companies. However, at first still had managed to get into the "right" college or university. Even excellent knowledge there sometimes is not saved. And it's not that at prestigious faculties took to pull. There was, for example, a secret selection of nationality. Thus, Jews are reluctant to take on Mekhmat in MVTU. Bauman, as future specialty were associated with the "defense industry", and Jews were considered politically "unreliable". The MGIMO first took people from the "proletarian" families. A liberal education were listed less than a technical or natural science, because the communist ideology was the basis ego2. For example, we studied the work of only those poets and writers who were ideologically "correct". History was taught only in a socialist interpretation. However, demand specialties related to foreign languages. And no wonder: after all, the knowledge of English, French, German allowed to travel abroad.
Top universities USSR
So what are the universities in the USSR is still considered to be the best, by the criterion of the level of knowledge?
MSU. MV Lomonosov Moscow State University (founded in 1755), Moscow State University has always been the most prestigious institution of higher learning in the country. There have traditionally been the highest passing scores for students. From the walls of Moscow University went mathematicians, physicists, chemists, biologists, computer scientists, economists, lawyers, philosophers, historians, linguists, journalists, psychologists ... and the diploma of Moscow State University has always been a mark of quality - at least within the USSR. LGU (Leningrad State University, now St. Petersburg State University, founded in 1724) is the oldest university in Russia, has always been one of the centers of Russian science and culture. From its walls were such luminaries of science as Pavlov, LD Landau, 3 G. Ya Perelman. At present, St. Petersburg State University is the first and only at the moment Russian university, entered into the prestigious Coimbra Group, uniting the most important European universities.
MGIMO (Moscow State Institute of International Relations, founded in 1944) Moscow State Institute as an independent institution has been transformed from an international faculty of Moscow State University. Do here has never been easy, because there prepared representatives of the most prestigious professions - the diplomats, attaches, military interpreters, zhurnalistov- international affairs. By the way, MGIMO entered the Guinness Book of Records as the university, where he teaches the most foreign languages.
MVTU. Bauman (Moscow Higher Technical School, now the Moscow State Technical University, founded in 1830) "Baumanka" in Soviet times was considered one of the best technical universities in the country. Here it was possible to study on a large number of technical disciplines, including engineering, aerodynamics, energy, construction, chemical technology. In 1948, the Moscow Higher Technical School was established Faculty of missile technology, which is closely related to the activities Generalnogo4 designer and founder of the Soviet space program Sergei Korolyov. Today Bauman led the Russian Association of technical universities and a winner of the award "European Quality" for compliance with the highest international standards of training.
MEPI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, founded in 1942), now known as the National Research Nuclear University. Moscow Mechanical Institute of ammunition (MMIB) was founded for the needs of the front, his initial task was to prepare military personnel. The Soviet Union was the most popular MiFi university where she had physical education. There are very seriously engaged in nuclear research, and graduates of the university were subsequently "Travel Abroad". At its base is operated branches, technical schools and schools in different cities of the country. I would like to emphasize that these institutions continue to enter the top five, and now, in the post-Soviet era, which may serve as an indicator of the objective evaluation of their high level.