Interesting facts about the hero dogs

• Interesting facts about the hero dogs

Every year, in different corners of the globe service dogs perform feats, helping save thousands of lives. When disaster strikes, these charming characters, did not hesitate to risk themselves for the sake of the victims.

Interesting facts about the hero dogs

Humanity is a long time dog enjoys indisputable advantage - Unique finest sense of smell, and in our days special training allows four-legged friends a person to take an active part in the most difficult search and rescue operations after natural and manmade disasters.

Modest furry heroes knowingly cause enormous respect and admiration of people around the world, they certainly deserve our attention, and we want to share with you today the most interesting facts from the life of rescue dogs.

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Strictly speaking, the dog "work" searchers, rescuers more than three hundred years. The first aid began to use their monks from alpine shelters in the Swiss Alps. More stamina St. Bernards have been trained to look for wayward off the road and lost in winter weather travelers are trying to overcome the mountain passes between Switzerland and Italy.

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It is known that rescue dog locates the human smell. Features and characteristics of this unique process are still not fully understood, and that is why humanity has not yet managed to create a device capable of replacing four-legged friend. Probably, the dog is able to "analyze" species such odorous substances as the epidermis of the skin, sweating, air exhaled by the lungs, as well as decomposition products of human tissue and skin. ***

According to experts, one dog from the search and rescue service can perform the work of twenty or even thirty-search engine professionals. Especially gifted dogs have a sense of smell, exceeding human in a hundred million times.

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The search and rescue service on average per day, accompanied by a dog rescuer dog handlers can examine the area approximately equal to one square kilometer.

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The probability of detecting the odor source at a great distance is much higher on cloudy days and at night. In windless sunny day the dog is much more difficult to perceive odors as a result of lower atmospheric layers convection, heating, rise upwards, and the upper, becoming heavier by contrast, are lowered down.

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In practice, rescue dogs can usually be attributed to one of the two business fields. Detection dogs for effective search of necessary starting point and the object with the smell of the wanted person. These dogs are lower flair, that is directly sniff the ground or pavement, take the trail and go through it to the designated target. Search and rescue dogs, on the other hand, are looking for the person not leaving traces, and carefully sniffing the surroundings. Under favorable weather conditions, this dog is able to detect the source of the smell at a distance of more than four meters. Record was set in the tundra in Alaska, when a search and rescue dog could smell at a distance of three kilometers. Depending on the chosen specialty initially search and search and rescue dogs to be completely different course. ***

Service dog can get into a search and rescue service as from a shelter, and from the nursery. The main condition - a dog must be firmly aimed at the detection of "prey", that is, to show a hefty motivation and determination in finding a hidden toy.

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In most cases, the search and rescue operations used hunting and shepherds breed dogs such as labrador retriever, golden retriever, German shepherd, Belgian shepherd Malinois and Border Collies. But the brave and majestic St. Bernards usually prepared to search for people, covered by an avalanche in the mountains. Most of these dogs can feel the human scent when snow depth exceeds four meters. Newfoundlands are not as common as other breeds, are rescue dogs, however, thanks to his muscular physique, thick undercoat and the coat, webbed paws, unsurpassed swimming abilities and love to water procedures, these dogs is difficult to find an equal in the rescue of a drowning man.

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Gifted puppies were selected for training under the program of search and rescue services, usually begin their studies at the age of eight - ten weeks old. On average, one dog takes about a thousand hours of training. If as a result of training the dog still is unsuitable for this is really difficult and responsible work, after the "career guidance" it can get a more suitable her character profession, for example, to master the search of explosives or drugs become a help to people in need, accompanied by or suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder . In the end, such a dog may just be a family favorite. ***

Working as a lifeguard requires a four-legged friend a great concentration, so these dogs usually retire or move on to less responsible "positions" in the age of eight - ten years.

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Dogs trained to search for the remains of the victims, in the jargon is called "corpse" dogs. They discover the power of the whole and decomposed bodies, including under water and buried in the ground, as well as fragments: hair, cloth, drops of blood, parts of the skeleton and bones.

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search and rescue dogs are often accompanied by their owners, dog trainers, even on vacation, so that at any moment be prepared for a possible emergency.

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Following the terrorist attacks September 11, 2001 about three hundred dogs search and rescue service of the USA, accompanied by rescue dog handlers combed the place of tragedy in the search for survivors. Golden Retriever Brittany - the last of these took part in the terrible events of the dogs died at the age of 16 in June 2016. Her Rescue colleagues conducted Brittany last journey with all due honors its merits.